An Appraisal and Popular Notion Surrounding The Arab Spring: The Marxist Analyses
Studies on the Arab Spring have advanced economic reason as propeller to various ugly events that have changed the face of most states in the Middle East and North Africa. Most of this literature undermined the influenced of external motivations and knowledge which have been instrumental to certain occurrences in developing countries. This piece identified existing stereotypes which have been underscored by western thoughts and advanced an opposing narrative. This narrative seems to gain less attention compare to western views on the issues that surround the Arab quake. However, this investigation relied on secondary sources of data which is mainly extant literature vis-à-vis Marxist theories with the view of de-emphasising certain notions and bring to the fore realities of events in the Middle East and North Africa.
(2) Acemoglu, D., Hassan, T. A., and Tahoun, A. (2017). The power of the street: Evidence from Egypt's Arab Spring. The Review of Financial Studies, 31(1), 1-42.
(3) Abadie, A., and Gardeazabal, J. (2008). Terrorism and the world economy. European
Economic Review, 52(1), 1-27.
(4) Abdelsalam, E. (2015). The Arab Spring: Its origins, evolution and consequences… four years on Intellectual Discourse, 23:1 (2015) 119-139. IIUM Press.
(5) Arayssi, M., & Fakih, A. (2017). Finance–growth nexus in a changing political region: How important was the Arab Spring?. Economic Analysis and Policy, 55, 106-123
(6) Arayssi M, Fakih A, and Nathir Haimoun (2019). Did the Arab Spring Reduce MENA
Countries' Growth? Discussion Paper Series. IZA – Institute of Labor Economics. www.iza.org
(7) Blattman, C., and Miguel, E. (2010). Civil war. Journal of Economic Literature, 48(1), 3-57.
(8) Blomberg, S. B., and Hess, G. D. (2006). How much does violence tax trade?. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 88(4), 599-612.
(9) Delgado, C. M (2014). Book Review: Will the Middle East Implode? by Mohammed Ayoob
(10) Francis, B. B., Hasan, I., and Zhu, Y. (2014). Political uncertainty and bank loan contracting. Journal of Empirical Finance, 29, 281-286.
(11) Kinsella, D. (2002). Rivalry, Reaction, and Weapons Proliferation: A Time-Series Analysis of Global Arms Transfers. International Studies Quarterly, 46(2), 209. https://doi-org.nwulib.nwu.ac.za/10.1111/1468-2478.00230
(12) Lanchochivichina, E. (2018). The Eruptions of Popular Anger The Economic of the Arab Spring and Its Aftermath. MENA Development Report
(13) Munir M. and Muhammad Shafiq, M. (2016). Global Threat: A Comparative Analysis of Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State (IS). IPRI Journal XVI, No.2. 1-16
(14) Meierrieks, D., and Gries, T. (2013). Causality between terrorism and economic growth. Journal of Peace Research, 50(1), 91-104.
(15) Pástor, Ľ., and Veronesi, P. (2013). Political uncertainty and risk premia. Journal of
Financial Economics, 110(3), 520-545.
(16) Pettigrew, F. T. (2015).Samuel Stouffer and Relative Deprivation, Social Psychology
Quarterly, 2015, Vol. 78(1) 7–24. American Sociological Association.
(17) Obah-Akpowoghaha, G. N. (2013). Theoretical Understanding of Conflicts and Violence in Nigeria: The Niger Delta Militant and Northern Islamic Sect Boko Haram in Perspective. Public Policy and Administration. Vol.3 (10). www.iiste.org
(18) Roe, M. J., and Siegel, J. I. (2011). Political instability: Effects on financial development, roots in the severity of economic inequality. Journal of Comparative Economics, 39(3), 279-309.
(19) Richardson, C. (2011). "Relative Deprivation Theory in Terrorism: A Study of Higher Education and Unemployment as Predictors of Terrorism".
http://wwwRelativeDeprivationTheory TerrorismPredictorsofTerrorism aspx
(20) Saleh, A. (2013). Relative Deprivation Theory, Nationalism, Ethnicity and Identity
Conflicts. Geopolitics Quarterly, Vol.8, No 4, PP 156-174
(21) Raab, N. A. (2017). All Shook Up : The Shifting Soviet Response to Catastrophes, 1917-1991. MQUP.
(22) World Bank (2014). "Regional Economic Outlook for the Middle East and North Africa", The World Bank, Washington, DC.
Copyright (c) 2020 Nelson Goldpin Obah-Akpowoghaha, Momodou Lamin Tarro, Ogunmilade Adekunle
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.