Calibration of Impact Ignition from Shear-Band Formation on The Mesoscale
Relying on test results in , we proposed in  a macroscopic impact ignition model for low velocity impact situations, in terms of the product PD (P=pressure, D=plastic deformation rate). Here we upgrade this model by taking into account the time duration to ignition for different PD levels. Our macroscopic impact ignition model is now based on, and calibrated from, 1D simulations of pure torsion on the mesoscale. We assume that low velocity impact ignition is invoked by shear localization and formation of shear bands. We denote by (PD)L the macroscopic shear localization threshold. When PD>(PD)L in a macroscopic cell, shear bands start to form there. The shear bands then develop and heat up towards the ignition temperature. We further assume that the time duration from localization to ignition h=tig-tL is also dependent on PD. Using 1D simulations of shear band formation in torsion similar to , we calibrate (PD)L and h(PD), which we can then use in macroscopic hydrocode simulations. Our mesoscale simulations depend on a realistic strength model for explosives. This model employs the overstress approach to dynamic viscoplasticity , and its main feature here is the pressure dependence of its plastic flow curve.
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