The Effect of Leadership Style and Work Environment on Performance with Work Motivation and Job Satisfaction As Intervening Variables at the Mentawai Islands Regional Secretariat


  • Yan Richo Nielson Purba
  • Heryanto



performance, leadership style, work environment, work motivation, job satisfaction


This study aims to examine the influence of leadership style and work environment on performance with work motivation and job satisfaction as an intervening variable at the Regional Secretariat of the Mentawai Islands Regency. The study population was 50 employees of the Regional Secretariat of Mentawai Regency. The sampling technique uses  random sampling. The number of samples that can be used for analysis purposes are as many as 45 people. The hypothesis testing of the research is done by using path analysis statistical analysis techniques. The results of the study found that 1) The leadership style had a significant influence on employee job satisfaction. 2) The work environment has a significant influence on employee job. 3) The leadership style has a significant influence on employee motivation. 4) The work environment has a significant influence on employee motivation. 5) The leadership style has a significant influence on the performance of employees. 6) The work environment has a significant influence on the performance of employees. 7) Work motivation has a significant influence on the performance of employees. 8) Job satisfaction has a significant influence on employee performance. 9) Work motivation as an intervening variable gives a significant influence between leadership style and employee performance. 10) Work motivation as an intervening variable gives a significant influence between the work environment and employee performance. 11) Job satisfaction as an intervening variable gives a significant influence between leadership style and employee performance. 12) Job satisfaction as an intervening variable gives a significant influence between work environment and employee performance.


Arikunto, Suharsimi. 2002. Research Procedures A practical approach. Revised Edition 4, Rineka Cipta: Jakarta.
Burhan Bungin. 2013. Social & economic research methods: quantitative and qualitative formats forsociology, policy, public, communication, and marketing studies the first edition of. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Goup.
Charles Akomea Bonsu. 2014. A case study of Atwima Nwabiagya District Assembly in the Ashanti Region. International Journal of Management Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 8, 2014, 337-350
Danang. 2012. Theories, Questionnaires, and Data Analysis of Human Resources. Yogyakarta: CAPS
Desi Saputra Rafiie. 2018. The Effect of Competence, Leadership Style, Work Culture and Work Environment on Employee Job Satisfaction and Its Impact on Office Staff Performance of the Ministry of Religion of West Aceh Regency. Journal of Master of Management. Volume 2, No. 1,, pp. 36-45
Euis and Donni. 2013. Effect of Motivation and Work Environment on Employee Performance at PT. Aqua Tirta Investama. Management Analysis Journal.
Evans, James R. 2005. Total Quality: Management, Organization, and Strategy. Canada: South-Western Thomson
Gibson, James, L. 2000. Organization, Behavior, Structure and Process, 5th Edition. 3rd print. Jakarta: Publisher Erlangga
Ginanjar.S. 2013. Analysis of the Influence of Leadership, Work Environment and Compensation on Employee Performance (Study at the Pemalang District Civil Service Agency. Published undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University, Semarang.
Ghozali, Imam. 2013. Application of Multivariate Analysis with SPSS Program. Semarang: BP Diponegoro University. Semarang
Gunawan et al. 2015. The Effect of Work Environment and Discipline on Motivation of Employee Work and Its Implications on the Performance of the District Secretariat in Simeulue District, Postgraduate Journal of Management, Syiah Kuala University
, Handoko, T. Hani, 1996. Personnel Management and Human Resources Second Edition. BPFE UGM. Yogyakarta.
Hasibuan, Melayu. 2005. Human Resource Management, Jakarta; PT Bumi Aksara.
. 2014. Management, Basic Understanding and Problems. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara
Hadari, H. 2003. Leadership Effective Organization: Yogyakarta: Gaja Mada University Press.

Herlambang, S. 2014. Organizational Behavior. Yogyakarta: New Library.
Hersey, Paul and Blanchard, Kenneth H. 1992. Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilization of Human Resources. Translator: Agus Dharma. Jakarta Erlangga.
Hersey, Paul Kenneth, H. Blanchard, and Dewey E. Johnson. 2001. Management of Organization. New Jersey: Prentice Hall International Inc. House, RJ 1971. A Path Goal Theory of Leader Effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly. 321-338.
Hersey. 2004. Key to Successful Situational Leaders onal. Jakarta: Delaprasata.
Hessel, Nogi S. Tangkilisan. 2007. Public Management. Jakarta: Grasindo
Husein Umar. 2014. Research Methods for Thesis and Thesis. Jakarta: Rajawali
Ivancevich, John M. 2010. Human Resource Management. NewYork: McGraw Hill
Juliansyah, Noor. 2014. Research Methodology. Kencana Prenada Media Group. Jakarta.
Kadarisman. 2012. Management of Human Resource Development. Jakarta Raja Grafindo Persada.
Kusworo et al. 2015. Influence of Motivation, Organizational Culture and Working Environment with Organizational Commitment as mediator to Educator Performace.

Komaruddin. 1993. Dictionary of the Terms of Scientific Writing. Jakarta Bumi Literacy.
Khoiri, M. 2013. Effect of work environment on work motivation of library employees at Yogyakarta state universities.
Kreitner and Kinicki. 2001. Organizational Behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill
Kreitner, R. & Kinicki A. 2014. Organizational Behavior 5th edition, Boston: Mc Graw-Hill.
Luthan, Fred. 2010. Organizational Behavior. New York: McGraw Hill
Mangkunegara. 2004. Human Resources Management of theCompany.Rosda. Bandung
. 2005. Organizational Behavior and Culture (1st ed.). Bandung: PT. Refika Aditama.
. 2007. HR Performance Evaluation. Jakarta: Publisher PT. Refma Aditama
. 2012. Company Human Resource Management. Bandung: Rosda Karya
Maria Theresia Femi Irianti .2012. Effect of Leadership Style and Work Environment on Job Satisfaction with Motivation as Moderating Variables. Journal of Human Resource Management Vol. 6 No. June 1, 2012: 82 - 94
Marwanto and Riyadi. 2014. Effects of Compensation and Work Environment on the Work Motivation and Discipline of Soldiers in the KRI X Work Unit of the Republic of Indonesia Eastern Fleet. JMM17 Journal of Economic & Management
Sciences Masrukhin and Waridin. 2004. Effects of Work Motivation, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Culture and Leadership on Employee Performance. EKOBIS.
Miller, LE 1991. Agr. Edu 885 research methods. Ohio State University.
Mullins, Laurie J. 2005. Management and Organization Behavior. Edinburgh, Harlow, Essex: Prentice Hall.
Mulyasa. 2005. Human Resource Management. Raja Grafindo, Jakarta.
Nitisemito, Alex S. 1992. Personnel Management. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia.
. 2000. Personnel Management: Human Resource Management. Edition 3. Ghalia Indonesia, Jakarta
Ollukkaran, B. a. and DR Gunaseelan. 2012. "A study on the impact of work environment on employee performance." International Journal of Management Research 2 (2): 71-85.
Panji Anoraga. 2009. Psychology of Worka. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta Mathirs.
Pasolong, Harbani. 2010. Bureaucratic Leadership. Alfabeta, Bandung.
Prajadi BCU 2014. Effects of Leadership, Work Motivation, Work Discipline and Work Environment on Employee Performance and Lecturers of the Surakarta Ambassadors. Sainstech Polytechnic Journal Indonusa Surakarta ISSN : 2355-5009 Vol. 1 Number 1 June 2014

Ridwan, Kuncoro. 2007. Effect of Physical Work Environment, Non-Physical Work Environment and Employee Performance on Employee Motivation at PT. Nugraha Sari Banten. Thesis at Padjadjajaran University: not published.
Rivai, Veithzal. 2010. Human Resource Management for Companies from Theory to Practice Issue 2. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.
Rivai, Veithzal and Ela Jauvani Sagala ,. 2011. Human Resource Management for the Company. Jakarta Rajawali Persada
Rivai, Veithzal and Mulyadi, Deddy. 2011. Leadership and Organizational Behavior. Ed.3. PT RajaGrafindo Persada, Jakarta
Regina Aditya. 2010. Effect of Leadership Style, Motivation, and Work Discipline on Employee Performance of PT Sinar Sentosa Perkasa Banjarnegara,Thesis
Robbin, Stephen P and Judge Timothy A. 2003. Organizational Behavior Volume 2. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.
.2014. Organizational Behavior. Edition 13. Pearson Education, Inc. New Jersey
Robbins, Stephen. P. 2014. Organizational Behavior. Indonesian Edition. PT GRAMEDIA Group Index. Jakarta.
Sedarmayanti. 2001. Human Resources and Work Productivity, Mandar Maju, Bandung.
Now, Umar. 2006. Research Methods for Business, 4th Edition, Indonesian Edition, Jakarta: Salemba Empat.
Setyo Widodo. 2017. Effect of Organizational Culture, Leadership, and Compensation through Work Motivation on Employee Performance. Bekasi: Faculty of Economics, University of Krisnadwipayana.
Siagian, Sondong. P. 2003. Leadership Theory and Practice, Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.
.2008. Human Resource Management. PT. Bumi Aksara, Jakarta.
Simamora, Henry. 2005. Human Resource Management, 2nd Edition, STIE YKPN. Yogyakarta
Sinambela, Lijan Poltak. 2016. Human Resource Management. Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara
Simanjuntak, Payaman J. 2011. Performance Management and Evaluation. Jakarta:Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia
Sukoco, Badri. 2006. Modern Office Administration Management. Jakarta: Erlangga
Supardi. 2003. Employee Performance. Jakarta: Ghalia
Sopiah.2008. Organizational Behavior. Yogyakarta Publisher Andi
Sondang P. 2008. Tips to Increase Work Productivity. First print. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta
Skoekidjo Notoatmodjo.2009. Human Resource Development. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta
Sudarwan Danim. 2012. Motivation of leadership and effectiveness of theGroup JakartaRineka Cipta
Sugiyono. 2014. Educational Research Methods, (Quantitative, Qualitative and R & D Approaches). Alfabeta, Bandung.
Sugiyono. 2012. Statistics for Research, Twenty-Mold. Bandung: CV. Alfabeta.
Sukarno, Marzuki. 2002. Analysis of the Effect of Leadership Behavior on Job Satisfaction and Account Officer Performance: An Empirical Study on BRI Cab Offices in the East Java Region.Postgraduate Program
Sunyoto's, Danang. 2012. Theory, Questionnaire and Human Resource Analysis. PT Buku Seru, Yogyakarta
Suprihatmi SW. 2006. Effect of Leadership Style and Work Environment on Teacher Work Motivation. Journal of Human Resource Management Vol. 1 No. December 1, 2006: 113 - 127
Syahruddin et al. 2016. Effect of Leadership on Employee's Performance Mediated by Cultural Organization, Work Commitment and Motivation. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies.
Suwanto and Donni Juni Priansa. 2011. HR Management in Public and Business Organizations. Bandung: Alfabeta
Tampubolon, Biatna. D. 2007. Analysis of Factors in Leadership Style and Work Ethical Factors on Employee Performance in Organizations that Have Implemented SNI 19-9001-2001. Standardization Journal. No. 9. Page: 106-115.
Tohardi. Ahmad. 2002. Practical Understanding of Human Resource Management. Bandung: Cy
Wahyudi. 2002, Human Resource Management, Bandung: Sulita
Wibowo. 2014. Performance Management. Third Edition. Jakarta: PT. Rajagrafindo Persada.
Windy Aprilia M., & Hudiwinarsih, G. 2012. Effect of compensation, motivation and organizational commitment on employee performance in the accounting department (case study in manufacturing companies in Surabaya). The Indonesian Accounting Review, 2 (02), 215-228
Windi Puspita. 2013. Effect of Motivation and Work Environment on Employee Performance at PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IV Medan Head Office
Yuli. 2005. Human Resource Management. Malang;UMM Press
Yukl, Gary. 2001. Leadership in Organization. 5e New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.




How to Cite

Purba, Y. R. N., & Heryanto. (2019). The Effect of Leadership Style and Work Environment on Performance with Work Motivation and Job Satisfaction As Intervening Variables at the Mentawai Islands Regional Secretariat. Archives of Business Research, 7(7), 166–179.

Most read articles by the same author(s)