Archives of Business Research https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR <p><strong>Archives of Business Research </strong><strong>(ISSN 2054-7404)</strong> is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by the Services for Science and Education, United Kingdom. This journal is published online <strong>monthly</strong> to keep readers up to date with the latest developments.</p> <p>The <strong>Archives of Business Research (ABR)</strong> applies theory developed from <strong>business research</strong> to actual <strong>business</strong> situations. Recognizing the intricate relationships between the many areas of <strong>business activity</strong>, <em>ABR</em> examines a wide variety of business <strong>decisions</strong>, <strong>processes</strong> and <strong>activities</strong> within the actual business setting.</p> <p>Theoretical and empirical advances in buyer behaviour, finance, organizational theory and behaviour, marketing, risk and insurance and international business are evaluated on a regular basis. Published for executives, researchers and scholars alike, the Journal aids the application of empirical research to practical situations and theoretical findings to the reality of the business world.</p> <p>The scopes of the journal include, but are not limited to, the following topics: business, marketing, management, finance, economics, accounting. It provides an academic platform for professionals and researchers to contribute innovative work in the field.</p> en-US abr@scholarpublishing.org (Thomas Harvey) abr@scholarpublishing.org (Olivia Adam) Thu, 13 Jan 2022 11:14:42 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Title: The Impact of Food Self-Sufficiency on National Economy in West Africa: Case of the Republic of Guinea https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/11486 <p>This study examines in the impact of food selficiency on national economy in West Africa particular case Guinea, the major problems of populations needs is food selficiency in Africa. However&nbsp;; to achieve the self-sufficiency the authorities encourage its production to provide income for Producer, for domestic consumption and for a net exporting country. Local food production remains highly competitive with imported food. In addition, food insecurity across the country is a major development issue that threatens health, productivity and often the survival of the population. This study helps overcome developmental problems due to food selficiency, therefore, the main objective of this study is to analyze the impact of food production in the country and to examine more closely the relationship between food production and national economy on the domestic market. The study used a linear logarithmic model with the exchange rate output as a dependent variable and the food import, inflation rate, umemployment rate, interest rate and population growth. The current results found that imported food is positive sign, supporting the argument that imports products as viable income-generating activity. The self-sufficiency rate is 94%, with strong imports from imports countries, any exports. However, in order to control an national economic income and till increase agriculture production, the government should be able to purchase the food crops production from populations employment to the farmers and then sell them to projects in place for reduce food importation between international, regional and national domestic production along the markets. The development of the national economy Sectors and reduction of poverty and hunger, in particulary growing selficiency of food Security in Guinea.</p> Kandas Kourouma, Dr. Junaid, Aissata Diallo Copyright (c) 2022 Kandas Kourouma, Dr. Junaid, Aissata Diallo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/11486 Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The effect of organizational communication, transformational leadership and organizational learning to OSH performance A Case Study in PT WASKITA KARYA https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/11529 <p>Cases of work accidents are still happening today, including the construction service company. It indicates that the safety performance of construction service companies is not optimal, so it is important and needs to be investigated, especially safety culture, organizational communication, learning organization, and transformational leadership. Hence, this study explores the role of organizational communication in mediating the influence of transformational leadership and learning organization on safety culture and safety performance. The study used a quantitative approach through a survey with a questionnaire instrument designed on a Likert scale. The participant is 218 workers of PT. Waskita Karya (Persero) Tbk. Data analysis using structural equation modeling.</p> <p>The results showed&nbsp;that &nbsp;transformational leadership, learning organization, and safety culture had a positive and significant direct effect on work safety performance&nbsp;and safety culture, in addition the result also &nbsp;confirm that the key success factor for safety performance is &nbsp;&nbsp;organizational communication. &nbsp;&nbsp;Based on these findings, practically it is recommended that organizational communication among the workforce needs to be improved continuously to make a greater contribution to safety culture and performance.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Kholil Kholil, Amri K Copyright (c) 2022 Kholil Kholil, Amri K http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/11529 Thu, 13 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Electronic Business-to-Business Marketplace Transformation in the Chemical Industry: Will the Second Wave Succeed Where the First has Failed? https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/11535 <p>The global chemical sales are expected to be worth over €6,000 bn by 2030 and this offers a very significant market size for businesses to be transacted electronically. It is generally believed that the first wave of the electronic business-to-business marketplace featured very strongly into the chemical industry sometime in the late 1990’s, but in just over a few years many of these electronic marketplaces started to close down or being merged with others, and later on they too disappeared from the chemical industry. Many of them had failed to sustain themselves in the marketplace and survived. From 2005 onwards, it became apparent that the second wave of electronic marketplaces started to enter the chemical industry again. Electronic marketplaces were being set up by chemical manufacturers and distributors, with many of them even setting up multiple web storefronts, to promote their products.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>This research will look into the chemical distribution market size, supply chain activities, as well as the various electronic marketplaces present in the chemical industry. The Author will investigate into the reasons why the first wave of chemical electronic marketplaces did not manage to sustain themselves in the market and the possible reasons for their failure. The types of electronic marketplaces during the second wave were investigated in great detail. What are the differences in the types of electronic platforms in the second wave and will they stand a chance to survive this time round, when many of them have failed in the first wave? This research will attempt to investigate the possible strategies through the digital marketplace, by both chemical manufacturers and distributors, in their effort to capture greater market share. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Tay Kin Bee Copyright (c) 2022 Tay Kin Bee http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/11535 Thu, 13 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Starting and Subsequent Earnings of Young Workers in Different Sized Firms https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/11500 <p>Based upon the highly innovative Project TALENT Longitudinal Database, this study tracks the starting earnings and subsequent early earnings growth of young males who began their work careers at either a smaller (&lt;100 employees) or larger private firm more than a generation ago.&nbsp; Prior evidence based upon less rich databases found that earnings were systematically higher in larger firms but did not have access to many other variables that could affect projected earnings which are available in the TALENT database. Earnings regressions are estimated here including not only usual explanatory variables of years of schooling and labor market experience, but also adding other variables pertaining to prior job experience, military service, IQ, socioeconomic background and some other factors.&nbsp; The findings indicate that while starting earnings of those in this database were indeed higher in larger firms, the gap evaporated fairly quickly with projected earnings of those in smaller firms featuring a small earnings premium. The results here suggest guidance based upon the body of prior evidence may have been less reliable than thought, and that evidence itself may not provide as useful a baseline as desired for subsequent research addressing whether this pattern continues for recent cohorts.</p> Michael Tannen Copyright (c) 2022 Michael Tannen http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/11500 Thu, 13 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000