Archives of Business Research https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR <p>ABR is founded by Society for Science and Education (SSE) United Kingdom where it is strongly believe that excellence in research is the key to benefiting academics, businesses, societies and other relevant stakeholders at local, national, regional and international levels.</p> ScholarPublishing on behalf of Services for Science and Education, United Kingdom en-US Archives of Business Research 2054-7404 <div id="deed-rights" class="row" dir="ltr"> <div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-8"> <h3>You are free to:</h3> <ul class="license-properties"> <li class="license share"><strong>Share</strong>&nbsp;— copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format</li> <li class="license remix"><strong>Adapt</strong>&nbsp;— remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.</li> </ul> </div> <a class="screen-only" href="https://freedomdefined.org/"><img src="https://creativecommons.org/images/deed/FreeCulturalWorks_seal_x2.jpg" alt="This license is acceptable for Free Cultural Works."></a></div> <div class="row" dir="ltr">&nbsp;</div> <div class="row" dir="ltr">The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. More details can be found <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a>.</div> Social Network and Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurship: A Theoretical Review and Practices https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/10.14738%2Fabr.76.6613 Social networks provide great access for external resources which are required to create and develop entrepreneurial businesses.  Ethnic minority entrepreneurs seem facing some challenges   to create and develop the businesses due to various constraints, but social networks provide the opportunity for them to successfully face those obstacles. As per some studies, social networks provide positive influences on ethnic minority business creation and development. Supportively, studies highlight theoretical and empirical evidences in examining impact of social network in relation to ethnic minority entrepreneurship business creation and their subsequent performance. Alongside, this paper focuses to review the influence of social networks on ethnic minority entrepreneurship business creation and their performance in relation to empirical explanation and country specific scenarios. Authors followed a comprehensive literature review as the main research tool whilst special attention was made to denote cases found in different countries. Accordingly, paper concludes future research directions in line with the empirical justification M. T.M Sithas D. M.R Dissanayake ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 1 8 10.14738/abr.76.6613 Entrepreneurship: The Brain behind Successful Start-Ups. https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6588 <p>Entrepreneurs have been the most fascinating people on this planet, as most of the successful businesses are owned and championed by them. These are people who are leading the crusade on globalization where every person could be reached easily, using business as a tool. Most multi-national companies (MNCs) owned by entrepreneurs have opened branches in countries where natural resources as inputs for making targeted products/services are available. With the help of technology, entrepreneurs are succeeding in globalizing the world, and the emerging markets are equally being reached. However, there are many risks associated with starting a new business, popularly known as start-up, in addition to the problems of getting the initial capital and the uncertainty about the sustainability of the start<em>-</em>up<em>.</em><strong><em> </em></strong>Entrepreneurs, therefore, go through numerous problems in order to see their dreams achieved.</p> Francis Kwadade-Cudjoe ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 9 15 10.14738/abr.76.6588 Effect of Cyber Security on Networks Operations (A case study of Vodafone Ghana) https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6589 <p>Several networks are being constructed every day, however, making sure the security of the network is not compromised, is very important. The study examined the effect of cyber security on networks operations using Vodafone Ghana as a case study. Using questionnaires, a convenience sampling technique was used to collect primary data, which was then subjected to series of processes and analyses. Vodafone Ghana has been checking the operational status of its implemented security measures, example, recording and maintaining access logs, and checking for unauthorized access to important information. However, it was revealed that the organization’s firewall system to protect undesired access to its servers from the outside world was not fully secured. As people may themselves be an attack vector through social engineering, everyone within an organization ultimately shares responsibility in ensuring best-practice cyber security processes are carried out. This requires staff education with regular updates to materials on hand, as new threats arise.</p> Francis Kwadade-Cudjoe Yusuf Hyelnasinyi Enoch Adelore Abosede Bunmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 16 32 10.14738/abr.76.6589 The influence of Parent’s Socio-Economic Status, Family Financial Governance, Financial Learning in Higher Education on Financial Literacy, Lifestyle and Human Capital Investment of Economics and Business Students in Batam City, Indonesia https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6630 <p>The capacity of human capital, today has become a strategic issue in achieving prosperity of nations. Some of nation which has a high or good level at human capital index will be have a significantly impact on achieving prosperity on a nation’s society, including Indonesia and specially Batam city which has been becoming part of  young province in Indonesia and close to Singapore as a central of economics world. Batam must be ready to increase and prepare all of resources which it can be increasing personal prosperity and increasing the goodness of life in the future by using investing in human capital. This research has mainly goals to demonstrate and analyze the influence of parent’s socio-economic status, family financial governance, financial learning in higher education, on financial literacy, lifestyle and human capital investment. The population in this research was 1.233 respondent of economics and business students in Batam, Riau Province in Indonesia, and the sample numbered 302 students. Analyzing data in this research was using SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) with AMOS ver. 20. The result of discussion can be concluded that parent’s socio-economic did not effects significantly to financial literacy, parent’s socio-economic effects significantly to lifestyle, parent’s socio-economic effects significantly to human capital investment. Family financial governance effects significantly to financial literacy, Family financial governance did not effects significantly to lifestyle, Family financial governance effects significantly to human capital investment. Financial learning in higher education effects significantly to financial literacy, financial learning in higher education did not effects significantly to lifestyle, financial learning in higher education effects significantly to human capital investment. Financial literacy effects significantly to lifestyle, financial literacy effects significantly to human capital investment. Lifestyle effects significantly to human capital investment.</p><p> </p><strong>Keywords</strong>: parent’s socio-economic status, family financial governance, financial learning in higher education, financial literacy, lifestyle, and human capital investment. agung edy wibow ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 33 43 10.14738/abr.76.6630 Management of Municipal Electronic Waste (e-waste): A Focus on Environmental Pollution in Gwanda Urban https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6594 <p>The purpose of this study was to establish how the municipality attends to electronic waste in Gwanda town. Electronic waste is a type of waste that is usually not thought of by municipalities in most developing countries. There is little provision for its collection and sustainable disposal and consequently leading to adverse human health and environmental hazards. Generators of electronic waste include users in homes, manufacturing industries, teaching and learning institutions, and various industrial places. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in data collection. The researcher spent one month (July) in the year 2017 with the respondents interacting and living among them to enable effective rapport development while collecting data. Observation, unstructured interviews and closed ended questionnaires were used in generating data. Remote sensing techniques (Camera) were also used during the collection data. Purposive sampling technique was used to select some research participants in generating qualitative data and random sampling was used to collect quantitative data. Findings suggest that electronic waste is not well taken care of by the municipality and hence lead to environmental and health hazards in both children and adults. The Municipality Waste Collecting Department was not doing well on the collection and disposal of electronic waste. In the adjacent forests of Gwanda town, residents disposed broken electronic gadgets; thus, littering and polluting the environment. The study recommends that for effective management of e-waste, the Municipality need to educate the residents of Gwanda and involve them in managing e-waste to reduce environmental pollution.</p> Maligana Mathe Kganya N. Sidange ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 44 61 10.14738/abr.76.6594 Antecedents of Customer Satisfaction https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6622 <p>Survival of any business lies in the relationship it has with the customers where the customer satisfaction plays a major role in attracting and retaining the customers. When a business want to be successful and to gain competitive advantage the identification of antecedents of customer satisfaction is indispensable. Thus, this study attempts to focus on key antecedents of customer satisfaction in commercial banking set up in Northern Sri Lanka. The population consisted of customers of Commercial Banks in Northern Sri Lanka and the sample of 350 respondents were selected based on convenience sampling method among which 267 were used for further analysis. The data were analysed using SPSS version 21.0. The findings revealed a significant positive relationship between the service quality and customer satisfaction; perceived value and customer satisfaction; customer trust and customer satisfaction and customer trust and bank image.</p> Vithya Leninkumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 62 76 10.14738/abr.76.6622 The Menace of Black Money in India https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6612 <p><strong>                                                                           ABSTRACT</strong></p><p> </p><p>Of late, the issue of black money and  its consequent  corruption has come into the forefront following a series of financial scandals. Black money draws conspicuous and wasteful consumption, reduces savings and grows gap between the rich and the poor. In every sphere of social, political and economic space of the country, it has a debilitating effect on the institutions of governance and conduct of public policy in India. Governance failure adversely affects the interests of vulnerable and disadvantageous sections of the society. Everybody has expressed concern on the issue especially with the publication of few reports relating to unaccounted wealth abroad. The Government of India has been pursuing to address the issue of black money in public life after noisy turmoil in Parliament.<strong> </strong>This paper is an attempt to explain the menace of black money  and its aftermath consequences in India.</p><p><strong>Keywords: -</strong> Black money, Tax evasion,  The Government, Unaccounted wealth, Corruption, Financial scandals.</p> Dr Pradip Kumar Das ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 77 87 10.14738/abr.76.6612 The low Female Literacy Trends: A Critical Challenge of Human Development in Pakistan (Major Obstacles and Way Forward)            https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6623 <p>The study examines the current status of female literacy and its nexus with development in the context of Pakistan where more than sixty percent females are illiterate and illiterate females are more than that in its rural and far-flung areas. The study examines the key obstacles in the system and discusses possibilities to improve female literacy rate with enhancement in quality of education. It finds that development allocation fared poorly in the past for female education and human development in the region. The lower female literacy rate strengthens feudalism and contributing to unskilled- or semi-skilled women labour force which is spreading poverty and inequality in the country in the global age of the twenty-first Century. Above mentioned issues direly need to adopt an innovative approach to tackle all obstacles in decent manners and through coherent development planning, policies, and practices. It is also concluded that low female literacy trends affect inversely on growth and economic development of the region, so to bring quality educations for female literacy is need of the hour for sustainable economic growth and development.    </p> Hamzo Khan Tagar Lahoot Tariq Abro Alishah Mukhtar Chandani Zamir Ahmed Khoso Muhammed Nawaz Sohoo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 88 97 10.14738/abr.76.6623 Public-Private Partnership: Understanding the impact of Educational Management Organization model towards the fulfilment of Sustainable Development Goal 4 in the context of Sindh Province of Pakistan. https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6624 <p>This paper attempts to develop an understanding regarding the different types of Public-Private Partnership models operating within the education sector of Sindh province of Pakistan and to understand the impact of the<strong> </strong>Education Management Organizations (EMO) model since its adoption towards the fulfilment of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4.  Further on the paper highlights the bottlenecks in the delivery of quality education under the EMO model in of which suggest certain policy recommendations. This study presents insights from personal observation of the authors; a field’s empirical work and another reliable primary data set. It is concluded that it’s a successful model to some extent so it can be imposed with inclusions of philanthropist low-cost model in the entire region for the welfare of humanity and to address the challenge of quality education for all in the region.</p> Muhammed Nawaz Sohoo Alishah Mukhtar Chandani Lahoot Tariq Abro Zamir Ahmed Khoso Hamzo Khan Tagar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 98 112 10.14738/abr.76.6624 Asset Structure And Profitability Nexus – Evidence From Commercial Banks In Nigeria https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/6489 Not Available Ifeanyi Onuka Onwuka Anthony Nwadiubu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-18 2019-06-18 7 6 113 129 10.14738/abr.76.6489