Archives of Business Research https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR <p>ABR is founded by Society for Science and Education (SSE) United Kingdom where it is strongly believe that excellence in research is the key to benefiting academics, businesses, societies and other relevant stakeholders at local, national, regional and international levels.</p> ScholarPublishing on behalf of Services for Science and Education, United Kingdom en-US Archives of Business Research 2054-7404 <div id="deed-rights" class="row" dir="ltr"> <div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-8"> <h3>You are free to:</h3> <ul class="license-properties"> <li class="license share"><strong>Share</strong>&nbsp;— copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format</li> <li class="license remix"><strong>Adapt</strong>&nbsp;— remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.</li> </ul> </div> <a class="screen-only" href="https://freedomdefined.org/"><img src="https://creativecommons.org/images/deed/FreeCulturalWorks_seal_x2.jpg" alt="This license is acceptable for Free Cultural Works."></a></div> <div class="row" dir="ltr">&nbsp;</div> <div class="row" dir="ltr">The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. More details can be found <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a>.</div> BUSINESS LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS: KAZAKHSTAN APPROACH https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/7171 <p>This is interest in the research of the leadership in business sector in Kazakhstan and in the responder’s attitude and preferences as to the leadership styles business executives employ, taking into consideration the developing stage of business activities in Kazakhstan. This study focus on the analysis of the leadership styles with employee performance and the survey research method was used. The questions were arranged according to six point Likert scale. Kazakhstan employees prefer such leadership styles as transformational, father, democratic, transactional and in some cases authoritative leadership styles. Kazakhstani employees prefer to be heard and supported, prefer to be a part of the organizational endeavors, contribute and add value to organizational development. Furthermore, as the study shows, Kazakhstani employees reject the coercive leadership style. They do not want to be a part of an organization, where force and ignorance of people’s values are considered to be as a normal attitudes. Nowadays within the development processes in Kazakhstan, leadership has big influence on organizational performance and company’s effectiveness.</p> Keun Jung Lee Alma Alpeissova Ayaulym Akisheva Copyright (c) 2019 Keun Jung Lee, Alma Alpeissova , Ayaulym Akisheva http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 7 10 1 12 10.14738/abr.710.7171 Liberalization of parallel imports regulations and marketing strategies of international corporations. https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/7196 <p>Not Available</p> Jacques Picard Copyright (c) 2019 Jacques Picard http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 7 10 13 18 10.14738/abr.710.7196 Factors affecting job satisfaction of lecturers- evidence from Vietnamese universities https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/7209 <p>The quality of training is an important issue and is of special concern to universities. Lecturers has a pioneering role in innovation of higher education management since the quality of higher education is always associated with the quality of lecturers. Assessing job satisfaction of lecturers is a fundamental step for universities to improve quality and job satisfaction of lecturers as well as attract and retain qualified lecturers. This study aims at assessing job satisfaction of lecturers in Vietnamese universities. For the purpose of this study, quantitative research method was applied. The questionnaires were sent randomly to 131 lecturers from 48 universities in Vietnam via email and google doc. Then, data was analyzed by various tool including descriptive statistics, frequency, exploratory factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. The study examined four factors affecting lecturer job satisfaction include Facilities, Job Characteristics, Salaries and Fringe Benefits, Development Opportunities. Specifically, Job Characteristics have the strongest impact on lecturer job satisfaction while Salary and Fringe Benefits have the smallest impact on lecturer job satisfaction. The research on factors affecting job satisfaction of lecturers helps universities to develop appropriate policies in order to maintain and develop lecturers, as well as attract talents and prevent the “brain drain”.</p> Ngoc Thi Bui Copyright (c) 2019 Ngoc Thi Bui http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 7 10 19 40 10.14738/abr.710.7209 Intervening Variables and Savings Mobilization of Staff Owned Cooperative Societies in Nasarawa State Public Institutions (A Case Study of Naspoly Staff Multipurpose Cooperative Society Nasarawa State Nigeria) https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/7165 <p>This paper examined the intervening variables affecting the mobilization of savings of Staff owned Cooperative Societies in Nasarawa State Public Institutions and their effects on the savings mobilization. It was a survey research that focused on the Naspoly Staff Cooperative Society, Nasarawa State Polytechnic Lafia, Nasarawa State Nigeria. Questionnaire was administered to a randomly sampled 250 members from the 380 registered members as at December 2018, with the view to confirming that the following variables (family size, income level, number of children in school and market situation) affects savings mobilization of staff owned cooperative societies in public institutions in Nasarawa State.&nbsp; Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and The Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Findings from results of the study showed that, the identified variables intervenes in savings activities of staff members, it actually hampered the society’s efforts in mobilizing savings. It conclude that, although these intervening variables are individualistic, they by extension affect the savings mobilization of the cooperative societies. In line with the findings of the study, it was recommended therefore, that With due consideration of the income factor which is a prime determinant of savings, government as a whole should consider improving staff take home and adopt measures that will ensure price control in the market. Government should ensure that the timing for review of staff salaries be reviewed two to three years looking at the rate of inflation in Nigeria.</p> Dauda Ibrahim A. Dauda I. Musa Copyright (c) 2019 Dauda Ibrahim A., Dauda I. Musa http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 7 10 41 50 10.14738/abr.710.7165 Ethnic Politics and the Agitation for Restructuring Nigeria: Implication for National Development and Dialogue Initiative https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/7142 <p>The evolution of NIgerian State is shrouded in cultural complexities that are built on linquistc &nbsp;variations and ethno-religious discontents. Asa a product of the British imperialism, the 1914 amaglmation of the northern and southern protectorates saw the emergence of what became an independent NigerianState on October 1, 1960. Thus, the activities of these imperialists led to the birth of Nigeria's naionalism which was couched in ethnic nationalism rather than true pan Nigerianism. This ethnocentrism has advertently deepened Nigeria's problems and led to the evolution of several regime system that manifested into resource control, independent movement and ethnic militants. Scholars and policy-makers alike, have over the last two decades tried several workable political system without actually arriving at any possible solution thereby stoking the flame of ethnic based crises that fraught Nigerian sovereignty. Against this background, the proclamation of the Sovereign State of Biafra was celebrated with attended war that followed therein. Therefore, it is understood that the aftermath of the war still linger and gave birth to Indigenous People of Biafra. While it could be said that the bulk of Nigerian resources are committed to finding solution to the existing political structures, it is obvious that the weighter problems arising from corruption, prebendalism and lack of true federalism that resulted to the evolution of ethnic millitias are still neglected. Therefore, the study identifies corruption, favouritism and nepotism as the majorproblems of ethnic politics in Nigeria while applying thematic, and historical analytical method as a method of analysis</p> Amiara, Solomon Amiara Dr Paul Uroku Omeje Dr Kennth Igbomaka Nwoikie Copyright (c) 2019 Amiara, Solomon Amiara, Dr Paul Uroku Omeje, Dr Kennth Igbomaka Nwoikie http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-22 2019-10-22 7 10 51 60 10.14738/abr.710.7142 Rights And Treatment Of Prisoners Of War Under Islamic International Humanitarian Law: A Legal Analysis https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/7069 <p>The central thrust of this paper is on the legal analysis of the rights and treatment of prisoners of war under Islamic International Humanitarian law. Islamic Law as a complete system of law has corresponding rules regulating the treatment of prisoners of war and imbibed therein is the elementary considerations of humanity. This paper makes use of the doctrinal methodology in making legal analysis of the Rights and Treatment of Prisoners of War under Islamic International Humanitarian and in so doing, making cross references with the International Humanitarian Laws of the Geneva Conventions. The paper concludes that the fundamental rules and principles relating to the rights of prisoners of war under Islamic Law show striking similarities with that of the Geneva Conventions. However, issues of maltreatment of persons detained in armed conflicts as well as lack of political will by belligerents to respect and prevent violation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) are increasingly common area of concern to the extent that Islamic laws and norms relating to the rights and treatment of prisoners of war is a better alternative to conventional &nbsp;International Humanitarian Laws and can be used as a model for improving the contemporary International Legal Regime</p> Ibrahim Abdullahi Copyright (c) 2019 Ibrahim Abdullahi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-22 2019-10-22 7 10 61 74 10.14738/abr.710.7069 Effect of the combination of Education level and Business location on product quality: The Case Study of Arc Welding in Small Scale Metalworking Enterprises in Kenya https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/7158 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The quality of products from the micro and small enterprise sector is affected by both the entrepreneur’s and enterprise’s attributes. This paper presents and discusses findings of a study that was designed to investigate experimentally the relationship between the quality of arc in the Small Scale Metalwork sub-sector and the combined effect of the artisan’s education level and business location. A total of 36 artisans with secondary education and 36 artisans with primary education consisting of formally (35) and informally (37) trained artisans from urban (29) and rural (43) areas participated in the evaluation. A mild steel product was fabricated by each participating artisan, assessed and scores awarded based on the quality of arc welding. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to show any variation in the quality of arc welding; comparisons of means using the Least Significant Difference (LSD) at the alpha level of 5% were done to determine which pairs of artisans affected quality significantly. The study found out that artisans with secondary education performed better than those with primary education. The study also found out that artisans from urban areas performed better those from rural areas. The findings of this study provide evidence that higher level of education and urban location of business can improve product quality.</p> </div> </div> </div> Charles M. M. Ondieki Copyright (c) 2019 Charles M. M. Ondieki http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-22 2019-10-22 7 10 75 88 10.14738/abr.710.7158 Translating stakeholder pressure into environmental sustainability-Studying HRM practices as mediating role https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ABR/article/view/7155 <p>The research contributes towards the surviving exploration of Human Resource management, hereafter referred as HRM practices, depending on the instrumental estimation of the partner weight which leaves an effect on the organizations choices. This examination imagines HRM hones as an arrangement of the administration process that organizations are attempting to actualize keeping in mind the end goal to react the partner weight which influences the ecological manageability of the firms. Partners may apply weight on association's to execute HRM hones which could prompt enhance the ecological manageability. The current study addresses partner weight for the execution of HRM hones inside the organizations. The principle reason for this exploration is to control the partner's weight and to fill the holes occurred by external stakeholder pressure inside the organizations.</p> <p>The study examines the mediating effect of HRM practices with stakeholder pressure and environmental sustainability. This investigation depends on implementing the HRM practices and to control the stakeholder pressure within the firms. This investigation helps the managers to understand the importance of HRM hones. The collection of data is based on the primary and secondary sources. Primary sources are related to the questionnaires and secondary sources are related to the research articles. HR managers can use the result to control the stakeholders’ pressure and to improve the environmental sustainability. These findings are used to know about the variables that are creating the gap of communication and to decrease the pressure of stakeholders within the firms. It helps us to execute the new policies and norms within the firms.</p> Rafiq Muhammad Copyright (c) 2019 Rafiq Muhammad http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-22 2019-10-22 7 10 89 103 10.14738/abr.710.7155