Archives of Business Research 2019-12-03T09:39:40+00:00 Thomas Harvey Open Journal Systems <p>ABR is founded by Society for Science and Education (SSE) United Kingdom where it is strongly believe that excellence in research is the key to benefiting academics, businesses, societies and other relevant stakeholders at local, national, regional and international levels.</p> THE EFFECT OF OSHA, WORK ENVIRONMENT AND WORK DISCIPLINE ON EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE 2019-11-17T14:24:18+00:00 kunto <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), work environment and work discipline on job satisfaction and employee performance. The method used in this study is a survey conducted on the employees of PT. Maspion I Maxim Division of the Spray Coating Department. The sampling method uses saturated sampling, by taking the entire population of 70 employees to be respondents. The data used in this study are primary data. Data analysis and hypothesis testing in this study used Goodness of fit analysis in the Partial Least Square model. The results showed that the work environment and work discipline variables had a significant effect on employee performance while OSHA had no significant effect on employee performance. OSHA implementation and work discipline have a significant effect on job satisfaction. The environment has no significant effect on employee job satisfaction.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords</em><em>&nbsp;&nbsp; </em><em>:</em><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </em><em>OSHA, work environment, work discipline, job satisfaction, employee performance</em></p> 2019-11-17T14:22:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 kunto ‘To what extent does, Inc success be accredited to its organizational culture and ND Jeff Bezos's leadership style? 2019-11-17T14:26:02+00:00 KALPANA SOLANKI <p>This research aims at finding the answer to the research ‘<strong>To what extent does, Inc's success be accredited to its's organizational culture and ND Jeff Bezos's leadership style?&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>This research question is answered by using the concepts of Business management for identifying the organisational culture of Amazon and leadership style od Jeff Bezzo and later identify the role of the corporate culture and leadersip style in the success of Amazon.</p> <p>The secondary research shows that Amazon has an extremenly positive and welcoming organizational culture along with effective leadership style of Jeff bezzo which has led to the success of the company. Organisational culture motivate the human resources of the company to give their best efforts towards excellent customer services and customer satisfaction.</p> <p>The CEO jeff has inculcated a warn culture by injecting his values and used a mix of Authoratirian and democratic leadership style which has led to the success of the company. Human resources are the most important asset of every organisation and the positive organisational culture has contributed to the optimum utilization of the human resource capabilities in Amazon. The research essay end with the finding that the visonary leadership style of Jeff has inducted the long term values in the employees of Amazon. Amazon’s organisational culture can be depicted in the rituals, stories, behavior, communication, style, workplace practices, celebrations and dress code of the employees and management</p> 2019-11-17T14:23:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 KALPANA SOLANKI THE EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT SUPPORT, PARTICIPATION OF MEMBERS, MANAGER’S PERFORMANCE, AND ACCESS TO CAPITAL SOURCES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF COOPERATIVES, ECONOMY AND WELVARE OF THE MEMBERS IN THE CITY OF TOURIST BATU EAST JAVA INDONESIA. 2019-11-17T14:27:51+00:00 burhan kyai <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>An interesting thing of Batu City is the acceleration of its growth, which, during the last 12 years, has become the third most visited city by Asian tourists, after Bali and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Batu City has a special character that is different from other cities, namely the beautiful atmosphere of the mountains, the cool air, lush with fruits, vegetables, flowers, and agricultural and livestock products. Starting from 6 tourist attractions now it has had more than 40 tourist destinations so that it becomes very popular. However, the growth of Batu City has not been accompanied by the economic growth of its people, resulting in a gab between what is expected and what is real. The purpose of this research is to analyze, test, prove and evaluate the influence of independent variables of Government Support, Member Participation, Manager Performance, and Access to Capital Resources on the dependent variables namely Cooperative Performance, Member Economy and Member Welfare. The knowledge of the influence of the tested variables on the progress of cooperatives is helpful for evaluating the performance of cooperatives in order to improve the economy and the welfare of cooperative members in general. This research is an explanatory study through hypothesis testing. By using 2 versions of the statistical analysis, namely Regression Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). SEM is needed to find out more in detail about the various factors / variables and find the most dominating indicators of the progress of the cooperative.The results of the analysis based on the Regression Test state that all 6 variables under study have a significant effect; moreover, Partial/Equivalent Tests find similar results. Furthermore, the Structural Modeling Test indicated that the 7 variables being studied were good. The hypothesis testing using Weigh Regression proves that the 7 hypotheses proved to be significantly influential. The Loading Factor analyses showed a significant effects of: 1) Government Support (Variable D) with a significance value of 0.034 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05);&nbsp; 2) Member Participation (Variable A) with a significance value of 0.049 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05); 3) Manager Performance (Variable M) with a significance value of 0.046 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05); &nbsp;4) Capital Access (Variable U) with a significance value of 0.036 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05);&nbsp; 5) Cooperative Performance (Variable K) with a significance value of 0.028 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05);&nbsp; 6) Member Economy (Variable EA) with a significance value of 0.028 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05); 7) and Member Welfare (Variable P) with a significance value of 0,000 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.05). Thus, all of the seven proposed hypotheses proved to be confirmed. It implies that those seven variables significantly influence the progress of cooperatives; therefore, they can be used to study, analyze, evaluate and innovate the development of cooperatives in Batu Tourism City. If the cooperative is strong, the economy and the welfare of the members will automatically increase.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong> :&nbsp; <strong>cooperative, economy, welfare</strong></p> 2019-11-17T14:22:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 burhan kyai CHOICE OF CREDIT FACILITIES: A STIMULANT FOR FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF SMES IN NIGERIA 2019-11-24T12:08:24+00:00 Modupe Olayinka Ajajyi <p><em>The study examined the effects of choice of credit facilities on the financial performance of SMEs in Nigeria while the specific objectives are to establish the influence of interest rate on loan and service on performance of registered SMEs in Ekiti State; investigate the influence of trade credits on performance of registered SMEs in Ekiti and examine the effect of asset financing on performance of registered SMEs in Ekiti State.</em></p> <p><em>The population of the study comprised 1704 SMEs operators from 16 local government areas in Ekiti State Nigeria. The stratified sampling technique was used to select the sample size from the captive population. The total sample size is 324 SMEs. This is the minimum to go to field with. 10% of 324were added to the sample size, summing up to give 356 because of non-response rate.</em></p> <p><em>To achieve the set objectives and hypotheses, both descriptive and inferential statistics were employed. In the descriptive analysis, the use of percentages comes to bare; more importantly in the areas of frequency of respondents to their views on the questions of research instrument. In specific terms, to achieve the objectives ANCOVA analysis were adopted.</em></p> <p><em>The results revealed that interest loan and performance between the groups revealed that a statistically significant main effect [f(16.961, 14.244) = 9.207, p &lt; .05], loan and performance between the groups revealed that a statistically significant main effect [f(8, 1) = 2.952, p &lt; .05] and bonds and performance between the groups revealed that a statistically significant main effect [f(16, 1) = 4.998, p &lt; .05].</em></p> <p><em>The study concluded that there is improvement in businesses of the customers who use Micro-Credit loans, loan repayment is a smooth process and Cash and deposit account at depository institutions, the short term loan, there is no special terms granted, no, special terms occasionally granted and term frequently granted, capital provided by the owners or shareholders of the enterprise are credit worthiness that is your track record of repaying past debts.</em></p> 2019-11-24T12:06:59+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Modupe Olayinka Ajajyi Waste Recycling, An Example Of Refuse Collecting As A Means Of Livelihood In The Informal Sector Of Nsukka Urban Area, Enugu State, Nigeria. 2019-11-24T12:09:06+00:00 S. Okonkwo Ogbu J. C. Ajadike Hillary Ndubuisi Ugwu <p>This study explored how picking waste materials has aided sustenance in the livelihood of scavengers, an informal sector in Nsukka urban area of Enugu State, Nigeria. It aimed at identifying the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of scavengers as well as the type and uses of collected waste materials. Survey research design was adopted in this study. A total of 411 scavengers (45.7%) were sampled out of the available 900 scavengers in the four administrative units of Nsukka Urban area as follows; Ihe/Owerre (165), Obukpa (82), Nru (82) and Mpkunano (82). The data were collected using the instrument of questionnaire, oral interview, and field observation. Data obtained were analyzed using percentage and rank methods, graphs (especially bar and pie graphs), and KrusKal-Wallis statistical techniques. The socioeconomic features of the respondents identified were; gender (males, 88.8% and females 11.2%); age (5-25years (19.4%), 26-45years (47.2%), and above 46 years (33.4%)); education (non-formal education (13.4%), FSLC (46.6%), GCE/SSCE (36.4%), OND (2.0%), HND (1.0%) and B Sc/B.A. (0.6%)); and Marital status (single (64.4%),and married (6.6%), widowed (17.8%) and divorced (11.2%)). The results obtained reveal that useful materials collected in the area originate in descending order from metals (54.6%), glass (23.8%), Plastics (10.4%), foods (6.2%), and papers (5.0%). These materials are found to be useful in two major areas of sales as source of income (78.2%), and for domestic purposes (21.8%). The ranges of income derived from scavenging in the area vary from below N2, 000.00 to above N20, 000.00 per month with N10, 001.00 - N20, 000.00 (39.2%) dominating other income levels. From these results, it is recommended that scavenging business should be encouraged by government and industrialist through the establishment of industrial activities that recycle and use recycled materials as input materials in the study area.</p> 2019-11-24T12:07:26+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 S. Okonkwo Ogbu , J. C. Ajadike , Hillary Ndubuisi Ugwu The Effects of Environmental Performance and Environmental Information Disclosure on Financial Performance in Companies Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange 2019-12-03T09:39:40+00:00 Mikial Msy <p>The objective of this study was to examine the effects of environmental performance and environmental information disclosure on financial performance in companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The population in this study amounted to 20 companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange, issued an Annual Report and Sustainability Report and included in the Sustainability Disclosure Database of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). The data used in the form of secondary data obtained from annual reports and sustainability reports of companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2013 to 2016. The numbers of observations in this study were 80. The analysis technique used was Partial Least Square (PLS). The novelty in this study is to measure environmental performance based on outcomes, namely environmental costs incurred by the company rather than compliance with regulations. The cost of a well-managed environment will improve environmental performance because there are efficient use of resources. The results of this study indicate that eenvironmental performance has no significant effect on financial performance, environmental information disclosure has a significant effect on financial performance. Disclosure of environmental information has a negative effect on financial performance, it shows that if the disclosure of environmental information is more equipped and in accordance with the disclosure guidelines, the cost is not small so that it will reduce financial performance. Research limitation that environmental costs is difficult to obtain so that the population is limited to companies listed on the IDX that have a Sustainability Report and are included in the Sustainability Disclosure Database of the Global Reporting Initiative. Disclosure of environmental information which is the result of the implementation environmental management accounting has not been done by all companies, because it is still voluntary is not mandatory. The suggestion of the research, the Indonesian Accountants Association is expected to form separate standards for measuring and reporting environmental cost information and standardized. For other researchers who are interested in researching environmental accounting can develop other variables for a longer time and the number of companies that publish more Sustainability Reporting.</p> 2019-11-24T12:07:54+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATION AND COMPENSATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE WITH WORK SATISFACTION AS INTERVENING (CASE STUDY IN THE TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT OF PT SEMEN PADANG) 2019-12-03T09:30:51+00:00 Rusman Hidayat . Heryanto <p>This study aims to determine the effect of motivation, compensation and job satisfaction on employee performance. The population in this study amounted to 285 employees and a sample of 167 respondents. This research was conducted in the Engineering Department, PT. Semen Padang by using primary data obtained through questionnaires. The data analysis technique used is Path Analysis technique and is operated through SPSS 16.0.&nbsp;The results showed that motivation had a significant effect on job satisfaction, compensation had a significant effect on job satisfaction, job satisfaction had a significant effect on employee performance, motivation and compensation directly had a significant effect on employee performance, motivation through job satisfaction had a significant effect on employee performance, compensation through satisfaction work on performance has no significant effect.</p> 2019-12-03T09:28:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Rusman Hidayat . Excellence in Agri-Marketing through National Agricultural Market (NAM) for Sustainability of Indian Farming Sector 2019-12-03T09:31:19+00:00 Purna Prasad Arcot <p>National Agricultural Market (NAM), the most needed e-platform for the integration of agricultural markets across India is considered as an appropriate solution to overcome the challenges and problems faced by the present stakeholders of the Agri-marketing system. Related issues like states fragmentation into multiple market areas monitored by&nbsp; APMCs, different and numerous levy structures, multiple licenses requirement for trading across&nbsp; different mandis, interventions of high net worth bidders in price-fixing, inadequate infrastructural facilities in reaching mandis and non-usage of e-bidding technology, problems of information dissemination causing asymmetry, lack of transparency in price discovery, high market charges, movement controls between state to state, etc are to be addressed on priority basis in order to benefit the farmers and other stakeholders of&nbsp; agri-marketing industry.&nbsp; The need for the effective unified system across the country combining all agri-marketing platforms both at State and National level is the need of the day and has been well understood by our Prime Minister of India, Sri Narendra Modi and his team. The initiative is taken to have a sustainable environment through National Agricultural Market, which was launched on April 14, 2016. This enables a better price to farmers on their produce &amp; improves the efficiency of the supply chain.&nbsp; Sustainable development is one which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.</p> <p>In this paper, the authors have attempted to understand the National Agricultural Market’s success as a means to sustainability in agri-marketing directly and Indian economy growth indirectly. This paper will be partly based on the theoretical concept &amp;somewhat empirical study that deals with the idea of National Agricultural Markets and its relevance in bringing sustainable development in agri-marketing. The theoretical part consists of a critical review of literature relevant to the concept of agricultural production, marketing and unified market system and concludes in an attempt at a more precise formulation of the idea. The empirical part of the study is based on questionnaires served to randomly select traders and farmers of Karnataka state where unified marketing system ReMS is implemented much earlier to NAM.&nbsp; The empirical part of the study is done to provide background information that makes it possible to discuss sustainable growth possibility in a practical context and should therefore not be seen as a direct attempt to confirm the theory. The research will enable a better understanding of NAM’s effort in achieving excellence in agri-marketing and sustainability of farming.</p> 2019-12-03T09:28:43+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Purna Prasad Arcot “Measuring the factors affecting Job Characteristics with Personal outcomes” (A Case Study of Khairpur Sugar Mill) 2019-12-03T09:32:42+00:00 Aamir Ali Lashari Imran Ahmed Shah Sahira Malkawy Shahdma Parveen <p>The fundamental purpose behind this research was to find out the association amongst job characteristics and personal outcomes of the representatives of Khairpur sugar factory. The quantitative and qualitative methods have been used to analyze the data and interpret the results. In this research personal outcome, such as satisfaction, internal work motivation and growth were the dependent factors and independent variables were job characteristics like skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, feedback, policy practices and benefits. The present studies led to the laborers of Khairpur sugar mill and total workers were 394 and only 78 workers were randomly selected for this study. Essential information gathered through sample received from the employment indicative overview survey&nbsp; (Hackman &amp; Oldham, 1975) . The secondary sources incorporate journals, annual reports and unpublished research works. Statistical software for social science (SPSS version 21) and descriptive survey was used to analyze data and multiple regressions were applied to establish the correlation between independent and dependent variables. After analyzing the results, it is concluded that job characteristics such as skill variety shows the significant relationship with personal outcomes which is at the level of .000 as well as task identity, task significance and benefits have a positive relationship with personal outcomes such as (internal work motivation, satisfaction and growth) but autonomy, feedback and policy &amp; practices shows less significant impact on personal outcomes.</p> 2019-12-03T09:29:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Aamir Ali Lashari, Imran Ahmed Shah, Sahira Malkawy, Shahdma Parveen WR A descriptive analysis of entrepreneurial female career success determinants on Saudi Arabia along entrepreneurial process 2019-12-03T09:35:11+00:00 wided Ragmoun <p>In this research we aim to identify factors which can contribute to the development of female entrepreneurship. We enumerate these factors in order to stimulate this phenomenon due to its importance for economic development and social development.</p> <p>After identifying these determinants, we list each according to its relative importance and create a matrix, which shows their interdependence at each level of the development of the entrepreneurial process.</p> <p>A quantitative approach was adopted to identify and define these determinants. Our research focused on female entrepreneurial careers in Saudi Arabia. An entrepreneurial career is evaluated as successful if it establishes an entrepreneurial project, because our objective is to motivate women to adopt not only an entrepreneurial intention, but an actual entrepreneurial career.</p> <p>The questionnaire used here was administered to 103 women who had already started an entrepreneurial career. The results show that individual factors are important, but environment factors are more important, especially political factors.</p> <p>The most important contribution of this study is the matrix it defines, in which every determinant can be used differently based on the different steps in the entrepreneurial process. This can provide policy makers with a tool according to which they can detect the key factors of success.</p> 2019-12-03T09:29:45+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 wided Ragmoun The Moderation (Wasatiyah) Paradigm in the Malay World: Thoughts of M. Kamal Hassan 2019-12-03T09:35:47+00:00 Muhammad Hedayatul Islam <p>Kamal Hassan, fondly known as Prof. Kamal is a symbolic academician in a well-versed personality of virtue,&nbsp;<em>adab </em>(good manners), and <em>hikmah</em> (wisdom). He has been accredited as one of the intellectual leaders of <em>Madarasah al-Wasatiyah </em>or movement of moderation and ideologue of Islamization of knowledge in the contemporary Malay world. He is also one of the leading figures in the area of contemporary Islamic thought and Malay civilization. His literature is vocal on the issue of Islam and modernity, <em>Wasatiyah </em>or Islamic moderation, Islamicization of human knowledge, Integrated Islamic education, secularism and secular education, the relationship between East and West, human rights and civil society. His metaphysical views have been often quoted in the literature of Muslim intellectuals and activists in Southeast Asia. Moreover, his philosophical thought of a justly balanced approach of <em>Wasatiyah</em> is also worth mention. The noteworthy highlights in his literature and speech promote Muslim leaders and scholars to examine: what collective moral responsibility they have, as a moderate nation or <em>Ummah Wasat</em>, to build a better world and a better nation—<em>Khaira Ummah</em>. There were many reasons for the intellectual decline of Muslims and the Muslim world. One of the reasons by moving away from the moderate and comprehensive understanding of the Qur’an. There is undoubtedly an urgent need to retract the philosophy of U<em>mmah Wasat</em> based on divine knowledge rooted in humanistic and societal life. Hence, Kamal Hassan fetched the thoughts in his lectures, articles, and books to relevantize the philosophy of moderation in Islam.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Wasatiyah</em>, Moderation, Justly Balanced Path, Islamization of Knowledge, Kamal Hassan and Malay World.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-03T09:30:21+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Muhammad Hedayatul Islam