A Mobile Tropical Cooling System Design Using a Thermoelectric Module

Authors

  • Oluwafunbi Emmanuel Simolowo Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Akinyemi T O Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14738/tmlai.53.2905

Keywords:

Thermoelectric couple, cooler design, tropical temperature, Beverage preservation

Abstract

The research conducted and described in this paper focuses on the design of a cooling system using thermoelectric or peltier module (TEM) and heatsinks with considerations for temperate climatic conditions. A case study of Nigeria has been chosen. Nigeria as a tropical region experiences high temperature difference between the year (18 - 40  with sunhours ranging between (100 – 210 hrs) monthly, such that the desire for chilled beverages almost throughout the day becomes paramount neccesitating the need for a peltier mobile cooler in tropical regions especially with inadequate electricity supply. A 9-litre rectangular shaped cooler was chosen with an area of 1.155m2, a dimension of 0.65  estimated to contain 120 beverages with an estimated heat load of 483W. It is estimated to use five thermoelectric modules, a temperature sensor, tec controller, DC powered battery and ten heat sinks. Comparatively, the design criterias of these peltier cooler were compared with the performance evaluation of existng similar designs and found to be within optimum performance levels. At 10 , the thermoelectric modules are powered to start cooling until the beverages are at 0 estimated to be a period of fifteen minutes), afterwhich the tec controller turns off power and the system is temporarily off until a temperature of 10  is detected by the temperature sensor and a re-cooling is initiated. With these the frozen beverage products received in the morning can be re-cooled as many times as possible.

Author Biographies

Oluwafunbi Emmanuel Simolowo, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Reader, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Akinyemi T O, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan

Masters Student

References

(1) Benziger B., Anu Nair P & Balakrishnan P., Review paper on thermoelectric airconditioner using peltier modules, IJME, Vol.4 pg49-56, 2015.

(2) Sujin Vora and Seetawan., Analyzing of Thermoelectric Refrigerator Performance Proceedings of the 2nd International Science, Social-science, Engineering and Energy Conference, 25, 154-159,(2000).

(3) Jyrki Tervo, Antti Manninen, Risto llola and Hanninien “State of the art of thermoelectric materials processing” Ju Ikaisija-utgivare (2009). Pp.3-6, 22-24.

(4) Chetan .J., Ketan .P., Avinash .K., Bhokare .R and Gavali M.D., “Review of various application of thermoelectric module”, Vol.5, IJIRSET, March 2016.

(5) P.J. Patil and Prof. A.M. Patil., “Review on thermoelectric Devices”, IJETAE, Vol. 3, Issue 10, 2013.

(6) Terry M. Tritt., and M.A. Subramanian., Thermoelectric materials, phenomena and applications: A Bird’s Eye View, MRS Bulletin, vol. 31, March 2006.

(7) Venkatasubramanian, Rama; Silivola Edward; Colpitts Thomas; O’Quinn (2001) “Thin film thermoelectric devices with high room-

temperature figures of merit”.

(8) Harman, T.C., Taylor, P.J., Walsh, M.P., Laforge, BE (2002). “Quantum dot supperlattice thermoelectric materials and devices” Science 297 (5590); 2229-32.

(9) Ronggui Yang and Gang Chen., Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials; From Superlattice to Nanocomposites, MIT, USA, gchen2@mit.edu

(10) Dresselhaus, M.S.; Chen, G.; Tang, M.Y.; Yang, R.G.; Lee, H.; Wang, D.Z.; Ren, Z.F.; Fleurial, J.P.; Gogna, P. ‘‘New directions for low-dimensional thermoelectric materials’’. (2007).

(11) Dongliang Zhao, Gang Tan, A review of thermoelectric cooling: materials, modeling and applications, App. Thermal Engineering 66 (2014), 15-24.

(12) T.C. Harman, M.P. Walsh, B.E. Laforge, G.W. Turner, Nanostructured thermoelectric materials, J. Electron. Mater. 34 (5) (2005) 19 - 22.

(13) Lon E Bell., “Cooling, Heating, Generating Power and Recovering Waste Heat with Thermoelectric Systems” science 321, 1457 (2008).

(14) Abdullah Farhan., Design, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of a Thermoelectric Cooling Headgear, International Islamic University, Malaysia; 2014.

(15) Onoroh Francis., Chukuneke Jeremiah Lekwuwa., Performance evaluation of a thermoelectric refrigerator, IJEIT, vol.2, issue 7, Jan 2013.

(16) J.G.Vian and D.Astrain., Development of hybrid refrigerator combining thermoelectric and vapor compression technologies, Applied Thermal Engineering, no. 29, pp. 3319-25.

(17) Adeyanju A.A., Experimental Comparison of Thermoelectric Refrigeration and Vapour Power Compression Refrigeration, JEAS 5(3): 221-225, 2010.

(18) Manoj Kumar Rawat, Prasanta Sen, H. Chattopadhyay, S. Neogi, Development and experimental study of solar powered Thermoelectric Refrigeration system, IJERA, Vol 3, Issue 4, Jul-Aug 2013, pp.2543-2547.

(19) Lertsatitthanakorn C., Lamul Wiset and S. Atthajariyakul., 2009. Evaluation of the thermal comfort of a thermoelectric ceiling cooling panel (TE-CCP).

(20) MacDonald, D.K.C. “Thermoelectricity”: An Introduction to the Principles, Wiley, New York, (1962).

(21) Jaspalsinh .B.D., Nimesh .B.P and Nirvesh .S.M., Consideration for design of Thermoelectric Refrigeration system, IJAERS, Vol. 1, Issue II, Jan-march, 2012/259-261.

(22) Darshan Suryawanshi, Vaibhav Pokale, Nikhil Pokharkar, Akshay Walgude, Prashant Patunkar., “A Review of Performance Analysis & Potential Applications of Thermoelectric Refrigeration System”, IJRSI, Volume III, Issue III, March 2016.

Downloads

Published

2017-07-13

How to Cite

Simolowo, O. E., & O, A. T. (2017). A Mobile Tropical Cooling System Design Using a Thermoelectric Module. Transactions on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, 5(3), 01. https://doi.org/10.14738/tmlai.53.2905