Cerebrospinal Fluid Fistula by Cold Weapon: Case Report
Keywords:Fistula, Cerebrospinal fluid, Trauma, Meningitis, Headache
Introduction: direct trauma is the origin of many pathologies or diseases, being something so common but to date it is not given importance and the impact that this causes is unknown. A cerebrospinal fluid fistula has been identified or documented in the Surgery department, and is defined as in the communication between the subarachnoid space and the epithelium of the anatomic outlet structure. Objective: is to report a case and review of the medical literature. Clinical case: a 36-year-old male who was attacked by third parties with a sharp instrument in the left posterolateral region of the neck. On the fifth day of his hospital stay, he presented spontaneous, abundant, non-fetid clear fluid leakage through an unquantified surgical wound. It was studied by carrying out a cytochemical protocol and nuclear magnetic resonance; evidencing cerebrospinal fluid leakage due to penetrating trauma to the spine. Discussion: The clinical presentation of a patient with a cerebrospinal fluid fistula is diverse, they can be asymptomatic and go unnoticed, or suffer from orthostatic headache, rhinorrhea, otorrhea, orbitorrhea, or even meningitis. The most successful management is surgical. Conclusion: it is necessary as a surgeon to be aware of knowing that there are no diseases, only patients, and that each patient is different and unique; The possibilities of finding complications, sequelae or consequences that are extremely rare or unknown to some are infinitely possible.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Gema Méndez Barrón, Morelos Adolfo García Sánchez, Mireya De La Fuente González, María Isabel Estrada Rodríguez, Giselle Castillo García, Mario Alberto Zapien Rangel, Nancy Adelina Velasco Viloria, Karla Reyes Sedano, Benjamín Reyes Celis, Baruj Ricardo Lupio García, Judá Raquel Hernández Salvador, Sergio Fernández Zenteno, Carol Atzimba Zepeda Carrillo
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