Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging 2019-03-09T09:35:37+00:00 Thomas Harvey Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging is peer-reviewed open access bi-monthly on-line journal that provides a medium of the rapid publication of original research papers, review articles, book reviews and short communications in the field of bio-medical engineering; medical imaging, analysis and processing. It encourages interdisciplinary research and development activities in an international environment.</p> Images in Logical-and-Linguistic Artificial Intelligence Systems 2019-03-09T09:35:37+00:00 Boris A. Kobrinskii <p>Visual images are holistic, and when verbalized there is a partial loss of semantic content. However, it should be noted the lack of effectiveness of decision support systems only when using images without an effective context, and systems that do not include holistic images. Inclusion of images in the knowledge base of intelligent systems can significantly improve their effectiveness. At the stage of formation of intermediate diagnostic hypotheses, the system will present to the user (physician) a hypothesis specific to the verbal and visual characteristics. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the need to use fuzzy logic at the stages of the derivation of solutions. The subsequent process will depend on the physician’s confidence in the coincidence of the image of the diagnosed patient with the image(s) in the knowledge base of the intellectual system.</p> 2019-03-09T09:35:19+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Improving the Quality of Electronic Cleansing of Colorectal CT Images Using a Hybrid Method 2019-03-09T09:35:37+00:00 Hamid Moghaddasi Hossein Beigi Harchegani Mahtab Shaebani Hamid Beigy Babak SalavatiPour <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Colorectal cancer, as one of the most important fatal cancers, is caused by the lack of timely diagnosis of colorectal polyps. Presently, because of the advancements in CT imaging of the colorectal device, the CTC-CAD is a promising method for the duly diagnosis of these appendages. In this regard, Electronic Colon Cleansing (ECC) is one of the effective factors that enhance diagnostic accuracy in the methods used in CTC-CAD.</p><p><strong>Method:</strong> In this study, to implement ECC, the thresholding method, statistical functions, and image processing methods were combined. Then, to evaluate the proposed method, 22 images were randomly selected and ranked by seven radiologists. Regarding the extent of the interpretable, the images taken before and after ECC were collected using MD and LM_ECC methods. The concordance of concordance of all three categories of opinions was calculated based on Kendall’s tau-b correlation coefficient test.</p><p><strong>Findings:</strong> The value of t-test between the mean score of radiologists' opinions for the main images and the results of the LM_ECC method (p &lt;0.001) is -9.355, while it is -5.414 between the mean score of radiologists for the MD results and the results obtained from the LM_ECC method (p &lt;0.001).</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Based on the coefficient of concordance, it is found that there is a high agreement between the ranked opinions of the radiologists, based on which the results of the T-tests show the significant effect of the LM_ECC method on electronic cleansing compared to the main images and the results of MD method.  </p> 2019-03-09T09:35:20+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Two Piscan Aeromonas Vaccine Strategies 2019-03-09T09:35:37+00:00 Ibrahim M S Shnawa Bshar E Ah Alsady Sermad Jalel A piscan Aeromonas ulcerative infection episode  was revisiting  Babylon province,   IRAQ at 2018 following to that of 2015.. Two Aeromonas  hydrophila  vaccines are being developed  and delivered in two strategies  for common carp fish . First the  heterologous  prime-boost and second the homologous   prime boost in combination with Alhagi Root Adjuvant[HRA] 3.5 gm/kg ration. These strategies were as, heat killed[AHKV] prime-live[AHLV] and HPA-AHLV prime-AHLV boost    with   immunogenicity group, infection group and sham controls in an aquaculture system provided with an optimal   culture conditions. Both of Heterologous and homologous  prime boost proved to be immunogenic as determined from A. hydrophila specific serum agglutinins which was of up to titre of 1280  and 2560 with survival rate of 100% and duration of immunity to three to  six weeks post to the initial vaccination for the survived fish. The developmental evaluation criteria of both  of  vaccines were matching to that of other workers .In this aquaculture system. preconditioning with HPA for 21 days before  vaccination was  found  comparable  to vaccination with dead prime vaccine in the sense of; immunogenicity    and  survival rate and safety .Wider  application of these two vaccination strategies in the  natural conditions of commercial fish farming ponds is being an inherent need  for confirmation of the present findings<br /> 2019-03-09T09:35:20+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##