Inadverted Perforation of Trachea: An Enigma or A Challenge
Keywords:Trauma, Respiratory tract, Tracheal perforation, subcutaneous emphysema, Pneumothorax
Introduction: traumatic injuries to the respiratory tract are rare, only a small portion of the trachea is unprotected above the manubrium sternalis, exposing the neck. The incidence is low and mortality is very high, higher than 82%. Objective: report of a case and analysis of the literature. Case reports: 46-year-old male who was admitted to the emergency room with four gunshot wounds to the thorax and extremities, vital signs: T/A: 139/36 mm Hg. HR: 107 bpm. RF: 20rpm. Temp 36.9°C. Sat 97%. Glasgow 6 points, neck with increased volume at the expense of subcutaneous emphysema, predominantly on the right, which extends to both hemithorax. Discussion: the clinical presentation of this pathology is non-specific. They present with generalized subcutaneous soft tissue emphysema, explosive and overwhelming, pneumomediastinum and/or pneumothorax. Other added signs may be respiratory failure, hemoptysis, or shock. The specific diagnosis is bronchoscopic but the most sensitive study is computed tomography, it is necessary to have the adequate inputs or resources, as well as the expertise of multidisciplinary personnel. Endoscopic treatment is the primary approach with a success rate of 50%; however, if it fails or is not feasible, early surgical treatment is mandatory. Conclusions: tracheal perforations are so complex that they require multidisciplinary management, with a third level medical care infrastructure. Surgery is the mainstay in resolving treatment in emergency or elective cases, its delay is a catastrophic outcome for the patient.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Giselle Castillo García, Morelos Adolfo García Sánchez, Mireya De La Fuente González, Alejandro Altamirano Jiménez, Judá Raquel Hernández Salvador, Juan Carlos Hernández Ordónez, Omar Cáceres Von Roehrich, Juan Rubén Trejo Rosas, Julio César Barajas Moreno, Nancy Adelina Velasco Viloria
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