Local Reference of splenic volume in Healthy Sudanese Subjects Sonographically


  • Mohamed Yousef Batterjee Medical College P.O. Box 6231, Jeddah,21442- KSA




Spleen Size, ultrasound, Local Reference


This study was carried out to estimate normal linear dimensions and volume of the spleen in Sudanese using ultrasonography, and to keep it as standards reference for diagnostic purposes.

This prospective study was done at Radiology Department, National Ribat University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan, conducted on 108 volunteers (72 males and 36 females). All linear dimensions of spleen were measured, and splenic volume was calculated using ultrasonography. The splenic volume was then analyzed with age and body parameters using the Pearson’s correlation coefficient. Results of this study revealed that the mean values of the age, height, weight of subjects, spleen length (SL), spleen width (SW), spleen thickness (ST) and spleen volume were calculated were found to be 38.74±18.898years,163.11±17.747mm,65.33±15.431kg,91.07±11.330mm,37.59±7.440mm, 37.78±8.085mm and 70.63±31.924cm3 respectively. Age had no significant effect on spleen volume (p=0. 684). There was a significant positive correlation, using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, between the spleen volume, and other parameters (height p=0.000, and weight p=0.002. The present study concluded that a local reference of spleen dimensions was established with a different range of values reported previously.


(1) Cesta MF. Normal structure, function, and histology of the spleen. Toxicol Pathol 2006; 34: 455-465.

(2) Niederau C, Sonnenberg A, Muller JE, Erckenbrecht JF, Scholten T, Fritsch WP. Sonographic measurements of the normal liver, spleen, pancreas, and portal vein. Radiology 1983; 149: 537-540.

(3) Benter T, Kluhs L, Teichgraber U. Sonography of the spleen. J Ultrasound Med 2011; 30: 1281-1293.

(4) Sutherland T, Temple F, Galvin A, Hennessy O. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound of the spleen: an introduction and pictorial essay. Insights Imaging 2011; 2: 515-524.

(5) Yildiz AE, Ariyurek MO, Karcaaltincaba M. Splenic anomalies of shape, size, and location: pictorial essay. Scientific World Journal 2013; 2013: 321810.

(6) Inoue Y, Nakajima A, Mizukami S, Hata H. Effect of breath holding on spleen volume measured by magnetic resonance imaging. PLoS One 2013; 8: e68670.

(7) Ludwig J. Current methods of autopsy practice. Philadelphia: Saunders; 1979: 647-89.

(8) Sunderman WF, Boerner F. Normal va lues in clinical medicine. Philadelphia: Saunders; 1949.

(9) Chirachariyavej T, Ouyswat K, Sanggar njanavanich S, Tiensuwan M, Peonim V, Sirikulchayanonta V. Normal internal organ weight of Thai adults correlated to body length and body weight. J Med Assoc Thai 2006; 89: 1702-12.

(10) Piyanun Mathuramon, Thamrong Chirachariyavej,AVM Vichan Peonim, Mana Rochanawutanon. Correlation of Internal Organ Weight with Body Weight and Length in Normal Thai Adults J Med Assoc Thai 2009; 92 (2): 250-8.

(11) Krestin GP, Brennan RP. Ultrasound diagnosis of the abdomen. Ther Umsch.1992; 49(6):395-404.

(12) Joshi R, Singh A, Jajoo N, Pai M, Kalantri SP.Accuracy and reliability of palpation and percussion for detecting hepatomegaly: a rural hospital based study. Indian J Gastroenterol 2004; 23: 171-74.

(13) French J, Camitta BM. Splenomegaly. In:Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB (ed). Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 17th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders; 2004. p.1675.

(14) Mimouni F, Merlob P, Ashkenazi S,Litmanovitz I,Reisner SH. Palpable spleens in newborn term infants. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 1985; 24: 197-98.

(15) Megremis SD, Vlachonikolis LG, Tsilimigaki AM.Spleen length in childhood with US: Normal values based on age, sex and somatometric parameters. Radiology 2004; 23:129-34.

(16) Maha Nouri, Caroline Edward Ayad, Elsaffi Ahmed Balla & Samih Kajok(2013) , Establishment Local Reference of Spleen Length in Sudanese Normal School Age Children Sonographically, Global Journal of Medical research Radiology, Diagnostic, Imaging and Instrumentation 13 (2)

(17) SN Ezeofor, EN Obikili1, GE Anyanwu, AC Onuh, SO Mgbor(2014), Sonographic assessment of the normal limits of the spleen in healthy school children in South‑East Nigeria , Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice • 17 -4(484-488)

(18) Darwish H. Badran, , Heba M. Kalbouneh, Maher T. Al-Hadidi, Amjad T. Shatarat, Emad S. Tarawneh,Azmy M. Hadidy, Waleed S. Mahafza(2015). Ultrasonographic assessment of splenic volume and its correlation with body parameters in a Jordanian population ,Saudi Med J; Vol. 36 (8): 967-972

(19) Çeliktas, M.; Özandaç, S.; Göker, P. & Bozkir, M. G(2015). Sonographic determination of normal spleen size in Turkish adults. Int. J. Morphol., 33(4):1401-1405,

(20) Tanna Nita A, Ambiye M V, Tanna Vilpa A, Joshi Himanshu A(2012), Ultrasonic Measurement OF Normal Splenic Size in Infants and Children in Paediatric Indian Population, National Journal of Community Medicine,Volume 3,Issue 3,.( 529-533)

(21) Mustapha Z, Tahir A, Tukur M, Bukar M, Lee WK(2010). Sonographic determination of normal spleen size in an adult African population. Eur J Radiol; 75: e133-e135.

(22) Selim Serter, Cengiz Ceylan, Özüm Tunçyürek, ebnem Örgüç, Yüksel Pabuçcu (2010), Sonographic evaluation of spleen size and prevalence of accessory spleen in a healthy male Turkish population, Turk J Hematol; 27: 25-8)

(23) Singh A, Ansari H, Das JK, Chandra N(2011). Ultrasonographic measurement of splenic length in relation with height in Bihari adult population. A prospective study. J Anat Soc India; 60: 188-189.

(24) Somnath Chakraborti, Nirmalya Saha, Biplab Debbarma, Snigdha Das, Diana Leishram(2016), Normal Spleen Length by Ultrasonography in Adults of Tripura, IOSR-JDMS, Volume 15, Issue 1 Ver. I, PP 55-60

(25) Asghar A, Naaz S, Agrawal D(2014). Estimation of standard splenic index (SI) in Indian population: A CT scan based study. Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research; 3: 332-337.

(26) Caglar V, Kumral B, Uygur R, Alkoc OA, Ozen OA, Demirel H(2014). Study of volume, weight and size of normal pancreas, spleen and kidney in adults autopsies. Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research; 2: 63-69.

(27) Arora N, Sharma PK, Sahai A, Singh R(2013). Sonographic measurement of the spleen: splenic length in adults and its correlation with different parameters. J Anat Soc India; 62: 57-61.

(28) Asghar A, Agrawal D, Yunus SM, Sharma PK, Zaidi SH, Sinha A(2011). Standard splenic volume estimation in north Indian adult population: Using 3d reconstruction of abdominal CT scan images. Anat Res Int; 707325.

(29) Srisajjakul, S.; Prapaisilp, P. & Laorratkul, N(, 2012). Normal splenic volume assessment on CT in 426 adults. Siriraj Med. J.,64(2):43-6.

(30) Tonelli, A. R; Yadav, R.; Gupta, A.; Arrossi, A. V.; Heresi, G. A. & Dweik, R. A(2013). Spleen size in idiopathic and heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension. Respiration, 85(5):391-9,

(31)Serter S, Ceylan C, Tunçyürek , Pabuçcu Y(2010). Sonographic evaluation of spleen size and prevalence of accessory spleen in a healthy male Turkish population. Turk J Hematol; 27: 25-28.




How to Cite

Yousef, M. (2018). Local Reference of splenic volume in Healthy Sudanese Subjects Sonographically. British Journal of Healthcare and Medical Research, 5(4), 30. https://doi.org/10.14738/jbemi.54.4836