Main Article Content
Decentralization has been promoted to reflect citizens’ preferences and to improve local services. Hence, the strong demand for decentralization across the globe particularly in developing countries. This paper aimed at re-examining the benefits of decentralization for infrastructure delivery at the MMDAs in Ghana. Quantitative research approach was adopted for the study. A questionnaire survey was conducted to solicit construction professionals’ opinions on the benefits of decentralization to the MMDAs. A total of 121 professionals from 36 MMDAs in the Greater Accra and Ashanti regions of Ghana participated in the survey. Mean score ranking and Factor analysis were the statistical tools employed for the analysis of the data collected. The findings of the study indicated five categories of the benefits of decentralization including: Decentralized/Democratic governance; Equal distribution of infrastructure; Improved Local capacity; Improved Financial capacity; and Improved Local development. Furthermore, the top four significant benefits accruing from decentralization as agreed upon by the respondents were: Enhanced democratic governance; Improved internally generated funds; Utilization of local materials and Improved and faster infrastructure delivery. The findings of this study provide a wider and improved understanding of the benefits of decentralization particularly to the MMDAs, which in turn would enhance their delivery of infrastructure. Therefore, effective measures should be put in place in order to drive the implementation of decentralization in Ghana. Also, proper decentralized governance systems need to be established to improve the capacity of the MMDAs to deliver infrastructure.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
. Adam, K.A. (2011). Fiscal Decentralization for Local Development: A Case of Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly. Published Thesis, University Degree.
. Ahadzie, D.K. (2007). A model for predicting the performance of project managers in mass house building projects in Ghana, PhD Thesis, School of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Wolverhampton.
. Akrani, G. (2011). Factors affecting or influencing decentralization. Retrieved from http://kalyancity.blogspot.com/2011/08/factors-affecting-or-influencing.html on 20/01/2014.
. Antwi, E.K. (2011). Decentralisation A Tool for Grassroot Development (Doctoral dissertation, Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology).
. Asah, K., Mintah, A. A. and Nigel, P. P. (2017). Assessing the Core Competencies of the Works Departments of the Metropolitan Municipal and District Assemblies.
. Asante, A.F. (2000). Poverty reduction, decentralization and access to goods and services in Ghana. In ZEF Doctoral Seminar Paper, pp. 1-2.
. Bardhan, P. (2001). Decentralization and Governance. Artículo de trabajo, Universidad de California, Campus Berkeley.
. Bardhan, P. and Mookherjee, D. (2006). Decentralization, corruption and government accountability. International handbook on the economics of corruption, 6, pp.161-188.
. Clausen, M.L. (2020). Decentralization as a strategy of regime maintenance: The case of Yemen. Public Administration and Development, 40(2), pp.119-128.
. Crawford, G. (2004). Democratic decentralisation in Ghana: issues and prospects. POLIS working paper, 9(9), pp.1-23.
. Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, 4th ed. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
. Crook, R. C., Manor, J. and Sinha, A. (2000). Democracy and decentralization in South Asia and West Africa: Participation, accountability and performance. Comparative Political Studies, 33(1), pp.144-147.
. De Mello Jr, L. R. (2004). Can fiscal decentralization strengthen social capital? Public Finance Review, 32(1), pp.4-35.
. Devas, N. (2005). The challenges of decentralization. In Global Forum on Fighting Corruption: Brasilia. June.
. Faguet, J. P. (2014). Decentralization and governance. World Development, 53, pp.2-13.
. Field, A. (2005), “Factor analysis using SPSS”, Retrieved March, Vol. 17 No. 2019, pp. 63-71.
. Fisman, R. and Gatti, R. (2002). Decentralization and corruption: evidence across countries. Journal of public economics, 83(3), pp.325-345.
. Gebre, A. G. (2001). Democratic Eritrea Decentralized Governance.
. Grindle, M.S. (2007). Going local: decentralization, democratization, and the promise of good governance. Princeton University Press.
. Hoffman, B.D. and Metzroth, K.M. (2010). The Political Economy of Decentralization in Ghana, Centre for Democracy and Civil Society, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.
. Honyenuga, B.Q. and Wutoh, E.H. (2019). Ghana’s decentralized governance system: the role of Chiefs. International Journal of Public Leadership, 15(1), pp.2-18.
. Kahkonen, S. and Lanyi, A. (2001). Decentralization and Governance: Does Decentralization Improve Public Service Delivery? (No. 11382). The World Bank.
. Kissi, E., Ahadzie, D.K. and Badu, E. (2014). Constraints to the development of professional project management practices in the Ghanaian construction industry. Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation, 4(1), pp.791-808.
. Kissi, E., Boateng, E.B., Adjei-Kumi, T. and Badu, E. (2017). Principal component analysis of challenges facing the implementation of value engineering in public projects in developing countries. International Journal of Construction Management, 17(2), pp.142-150.
. Lawal, T. (2014). Local government and rural infrastructural delivery in Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 4(4), p.139
. Local Governance Act, 2016 (Act 936). Republic of Ghana. (2016). Accra: Ghana Publishing Corporation.
. Miller, K. (2002). "Advantages and Disadvantages of Local Government Decentralization," in Presentation to the Caribbean conference on ‘Local Government and Decentralization’, Ocean International Hotel, Georgetown Guyana, pp. 25-28.
. Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development (MLGRD) (1996). The New Local Government System, Global Communications, Accra.
. Mookherjee, D. (2014). Accountability of Local and State Governments in India: An Overview of Recent Research. Indian Growth and Development Review, 7 (1), 12-41.
. Norusis, M.J. (2003). Linear mixed models in: SPSS 12.0 Statistical Procedures Comparison. Published by Prentice Hall, Inc, pp.578-585.
. Okojie, C. (2009). Decentralization and public service delivery in Nigeria (No. 4). International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
. Olum, Y. (2014). Decentralisation in developing countries: Preconditions for successful implementation. Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance, (15), pp.23-28.
. Otoo, I. (2017). Fiscal Decentralisation and Efficiency of Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAS) In Ghana (Doctoral dissertation, University of Ghana).
. Peterson, G.E. (1997). Decentralization in Latin America: learning through experience. The World Bank.
. Poillitt, C., Birchall, J. and Putman, K. (1998). Decentralising Public Service Management, Macmillan, London.
. Rosenbaum, A. (2000). Democracy, governance and decentralization. Revista Transilvană de Ştiinţe Administrative, 3(3), pp.93-110.
. Rumbach, A. (2016). Decentralization and small cities: Towards more effective urban disaster governance? Habitat International, 52, pp.35-42.
. Sakyi, E., Azunu, R. and Bawole, J. (2011). “Does decentralisation lead to the improvement in planning of health services? Findings from six district health administrations in Ghana”, Journal of Local Government Studies, 3(1), pp. 1-30.
. Sana, M. C. (2011). Decentralization and the Politics of Participation: A Case of Project Planning and Implementation in Asutifi District (Doctoral dissertation).
. Stiftung, F. E. (2010). A Guide to District Assemblies in Ghana. s.l.: Desire Clarke
. Sujarwoto, S. (2017). Why decentralization works and does not works? A systematic literature reviews. JPAS (Journal of Public Administration Studies), 2(1), pp.1-10.
. Tang, M. and Huhe, N. (2016). The variant effect of decentralization on trust in national and local governments in Asia. Political Studies, 64(1), pp. 216-234.
. The 1992 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana, Republic of Ghana, 1992. Accra, Government Printer.
. USAID, D., 2000. Democratic Local Governance Programming Handbook. Technical Publication Series (Washington, DC: Center for Democracy and Governance, 12.
. Wibbels, E. (2005). Federalism and the market: Intergovernmental conflict and economic reform in the developing world: Cambridge University Press.
. World Bank (1992). Governance and Development. Washington, DC: World Bank.