Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal <p><strong>Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal</strong> (ISSN : 2055-0286) is an international peer reviewed open access bi-monthly on-line journal published by the Services for Science and Education United Kingdom. The journal encourages the researchers and practitioners to publish their research work with an objective to widely share their thoughts, ideas and findings beyond physical boundaries. Theoretical &amp; empirical research articles, reviews and case studies related to all the field of social sciences are welcomed for publication after careful reviews and recommendations from subject experts.</p> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td align="left" width="90%"> <p>Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal (ASSRJ) aims to provide a platform for researches and professionals to publish and get credit of their innovative research work. It appreciates the theoretical and empirical research in all the fields of knowledge related to social sciences particularly;</p> <ul> <ul> <li class="show">Accounting and Finance</li> <li class="show">Advertisement</li> <li class="show">Behavioral Sciences</li> <li class="show">Business Management</li> <li class="show">Contemporary business, issues</li> <li class="show">Contemporary marketing &amp; Finance issues</li> <li class="show">Cultural studies</li> <li class="show">Developmental economics</li> <li class="show">Economics</li> <li class="show">Econometrics</li> <li class="show">Entrepreneurship and small business management</li> <li class="show">Finance</li> <li class="show">Human Resource Management</li> <li class="show">Marketing</li> <li class="show">Management Sciences</li> <li class="show">Operation and Production Management</li> <li class="show">Organizational Behavior</li> <li class="show">Portfolio management</li> <li class="show">Research Methods in Business</li> <li class="show">Social ethics in various societies.</li> </ul> </ul> <!-- <div style="font-family: arial; font-size: 16px; text-align: center;"><a title="View Recent Issues of the Journal" href="/index.php/ASSRJ/issue/archive" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Recent Issues</a> <strong>| </strong><a title="Editorial Policies" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Policies</a> <strong>| </strong><a title="Editorial Board" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Editorial Board</a> <strong>| </strong><a title="Submit Manuscript Online" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Submit Manuscript</a> <strong>| </strong><a title="Abstracting / Indexing" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Indexing</a></div> --></td> <td align="right" width="10%"><!-- <img src="" alt="" height="330" border="1" /><br /><img src="" alt="" height="3" align="right" /> <img src="" alt="" height="3" align="right" /><img src="" alt="" height="3" align="right" /> --></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <hr> Services for Science and Education, United Kingdom en-US Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2055-0286 <p>Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.</p> Judgment or Hope? Quantifying Frequent and Abrupt Changes in the Emotion of Language from the Book of Isaiah <p>A quantification of the pleasantness of text from the Biblical book of <em>Isaiah</em> (NIV translation) using the Dictionary of Affect in Language indicates that the work has many abrupt changes in emotional tone (p&lt;.05) between its 102 segments. Changes are in line with commentators’ description of the book as a mixture of hope and judgment. Confusion experienced by inexperienced readers of this work could be the result of the recurrent and often un-signaled changes in emotional tone.</p> Cynthia Whissell Copyright (c) 2021 Cynthia Whissell 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 4 1 6 10.14738/assrj.84.9907 Environmental Management in cities: A Perspective from the Akure Solid Waste Management Authority, Ondo State, Nigeria. <p>Management of wastes which is a part of the daily activities of man is an important aspect of environmental management. Over the years, there have been concerted efforts made towards adequately solving the problems created by improper waste management and disposal in Nigeria cities. This study, appraises environmental management in cities; a perspective from the Ondo state Waste Management Authority (OSWMA) Akure. The broad objectives of this study are to identify types of wastes managed by OSWMA, describe the attitude and role of residents (household) toward solid waste management, and examine the possible constraints faced by OSWMA, Akure in the discharge of their duties. Samples were drawn from the total number of OSWMA staff and clients served by the authority in the core, transition and peripheral districts of Akure. 53 questionnaires were administered to the staff representing 10% of the total number of staff while 324 questionnaires representing 1% of residents were administered, collated and analyzed using SPSS version 19. The results of the analysis, revealed that majority (81.1%) of the staff respondents opined that the type of waste managed by the Authority is solid waste; using the door to door method of solid waste collection as submitted by 54.5% of the staff. On the other hand, majority of the households’ respondents (81.4%) expressed willingness to pay for service rendered by the authority. Findings also revealed that poor funding was the main constraints faced by the authority. The study therefore recommends proper funding, provision of equipment and facilities needed for smooth running of the authority in order to ensure effective collection and management of waste in the study area.</p> S. E. Okosun A. O. Omodehin I. S. Ajayi Copyright (c) 2021 S. E. Okosun, A. O. Omodehin, I. S. Ajayi 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 4 6 18 10.14738/assrj.84.9929 Hierarchical Healthcare Facility Location at the Subdistrict Level in Western Uttar Pradesh: A Heuristic Approach <p>The Governments across the world are making continuous efforts to attain health for all. The efforts can gain more efficiency if the new healthcare facilities are created at optimal locations. There are various constraints on healthcare facilities, like cost of setup, coverage distance, service distance, population load, manpower and services offered. These constraints operate in a complex setting giving rise to alternate scenarios. The study proposes replicable heuristics to obtain the optimal locations under alternate scenarios for the Sub Centers (SC), Primary healthcare centers (PHC) and Community healthcare centers (CHC). The study takes the case of a block of villages in most populous state of India using the publicly available data, data from census, government portals and Bing Maps services. The study generates several alternatives scenarios for maximize demand, minimize service distance and minimize total costs for different population covered and service distance. The methodology suggested here might be helpful for the location decision making at the block level by the district administration.</p> Prashant Verma Subhash Datta Copyright (c) 2021 Prashant Verma, Subhash Datta 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 4 19 47 10.14738/assrj.84.9799 The Development and Challenges in Sports: A Case Study of the Indian Cricket <p>Cricket is the most popular game at present not in only in India but also in the Indian Subcontinent. The controversies and the ups and downs of the willow game have been the subject of discussion by the cricket chroniclers and the lovers of the game in times gone by. The present study aims at examining the level of motivation among players, nature and role of cooperation from academic institutions such as the college or the university, from the family, need for a different academic course structure for players and fairness in the selection process. Using the information through a sample of 320 student cricketers, the role of the University of Delhi in nurturing the talent and producing some outstanding cricketers of national and international levels has been probed. Absence of trainers along with commensurate infrastructure seems to be the bane in developing top cricketers in the Colleges and the Universities. Forced to give major part of their time to the sport, it is tough for the sportspersons to focus on academics. Continuous training and travel with consequent missed classes makes it tough to secure good credits in class attendance and internal assessment which results in adverse performance in semester examinations. The sports centric curriculum and sufficient credit for performance in sports with adequate, flexible teaching schedules, improved training and sports infrastructure in colleges and the universities in India can only raise the standard of cricket and other sports.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Jaswinder Singh Inderpreet Kaur Nanda Ravi Chaturvedi Sanchita Dhingra Copyright (c) 2021 Jaswinder Singh, Inderpreet Kaur Nanda, Ravi Chaturvedi, Sanchita Dhingra 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 4 48 52 10.14738/assrj.84.9897 Poor Claims Settlement And Demand For Insurance Policies In Nigeria <p>This study investigates the poor claims settlement and demand for insurance policies in Nigeria to provide empirical evidence which would assist not only the insurance companies but also the policymakers by using these findings to design future insurance services and policies that can be geared towards promoting insurance market development. The population focused in the study included few licensed insurance firms in Nigeria. This is due to the fact that they dominate and control the larger interest in the market share. Primary data was used for this study through well-structured questionnaire. Chi- squared statistics and correlation with the tabulated contingency table on the basis of an assumptions were employed. The results show that poor claim settlement has significant effect on demand for Insurance policies in Nigeria and that there is long term and significant relationship between poor claim settlement and demand for insurance policies in Nigeria. The study therefore, recommends that insurance industry should be redefined through appropriate Acts, introducing competitions and innovations in the services so as to compete effectively and meet consumer needs by dealing with changing expectations of policyholders so as to ensure that satisfaction of all the parties are guaranteed.</p> Omowumi Ayoni Momoh Oyefemi Ismail O. Oyetunji Copyright (c) 2021 Omowumi Ayoni Momoh, Oyefemi Ismail O. Oyetunji 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 4 53 64 10.14738/assrj.84.9938 Malnutrition among Children: Some reviews from India, developing and underdeveloped Countries <p><strong>Abstract: </strong>Nutrition has major effects on health. Malnutrition refers to any imbalance in satisfying nutrition requirements. Malnutrition is often cited as an important factor contributing to high morbidity and mortality among children in developing countries. Malnourished children are more likely to grow into malnourished adults who face increased risks of disease and death. A number of factors affect child nutrition, either directly or indirectly. The most commonly cited factors are food availability and dietary intake, breastfeeding, prevalence of infectious and parasitic diseases, vitamin A supplementation, maternal care during pregnancy, water supply and sanitation, socio-economic status, and health-seeking behavior. Thus malnutrition is a serious problem which directly or indirectly affects the social and economic development of a nation. The present paper focuses on the scenario of malnutrition based on the reviews in different developing countries including India.</p> Pratima Pawar Copyright (c) 2021 Pratima Pawar 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 4 65 70 10.14738/assrj.84.9943 Strategic Youth Management: Returning the Youth to Church in Australia <p>In a brief review of scholarship, this paper presents the general assessment of Church decline among the Youth in Australia. Journals, books, magazines, and websites information were the resources employed in the analyses. It was discovered that the spiritual and personal growth, discipleship role, and mission life/work determine the young adult's understanding of the church and environment. Lack of interest, busy life schedule, political issues, and people-pleasing were found to have triggered why the young ones have declined in their church attendance. The review recommended that effective youth ministry is possible if there is a specific and time slot for busy life schedule people; pastors adopt strategic ministry to the youth and focus on enhancing the youth's philosophical thoughts. The findings would help appropriate youth ministry in the contemporary context. Future researchers may consider the explanatory or exploratory mixed-methods design.</p> Ransford Kwabena Awuku-Gyampoh Justina Sarpong-Akoto Copyright (c) 2021 Ransford Kwabena Awuku-Gyampoh, Justina Sarpong-Akoto 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 4 71 76 10.14738/assrj.84.9975 Inclusive Development through Municipal Governance: Issues and Prospects <p>Since decades the debate is going on about development where social, economic, cultural political etc. In recent years, there has been a growing call for “inclusive development” to meet contemporary development needs and challenges. It is argued that although economic growth is necessary, but it is not sufficient on its own in improving the welfare of a population. The time demands for such a development approach which can ensure that benefits of growth are shared equitably across all parts of society, particularly large groups of vulnerable poor populations. In Indian context inclusion and exclusion have multiple dimensions as the country has lot of heterogeneity and diversity in terms of many things it may culture, language, beliefs, geographical location, educational status, caste, religion, creed, races etc. So, it is very common that the level or depth of inclusion and exclusion also differs in larger sense for example a large portion of Indian population living in rural areas and rest living in urban areas and apart from that there are some areas comes under union territories, autonomous council, tribal areas etc. Keeping in view, of this dynamics, each area people has different needs and concerns and their visualization and expectation of inclusion and exclusion also differs. Therefore, each area has different system of governance structure at local level as it has very important role to cater the needs and concerns of people. In this context, the research study explores the role and efficacy of municipal governments in ensuring inclusive development. The paper also highlights the major issues in the process and put forward suggestions.</p> Inderjeet Singh Sodhi Ashish Jha Copyright (c) 2021 Inderjeet Singh Sodhi, Ashish Jha 2021-04-13 2021-04-13 8 4 77 83 10.14738/assrj.84.9955 Comparison between the two poets of Islam <p>The great Islamic poets ’Aḥmad Shawqī and Iqbāl both lived in one era and experienced the great events that have passed through the Islamic world, as they both have experienced the bitterness of foreign occupation and the suffering of Western colonialism. Both of them were proud of their religion, jealous of Islam and the Muslims to be attacked by their opponents. They were saddened by their failure to take the causes of strength, pride and glory. It was very painful to them to see the home lands of Muslims were occupied and their affairs were all dysfunctional, and both of them were influenced by the calls for reform and the movements of renewal that were attracted to high societies, the national press and the guiding books. Both of them wanted to extend their poetry and poetic message from the borders of their homeland to the extent of a wide horizon.</p> Salahuddin Mohd. Shamsuddin Copyright (c) 2021 Salahuddin Mohd. Shamsuddin 2021-04-16 2021-04-16 8 4 84 98 10.14738/assrj.84.9984 Determinants of Level of household income utilization and decision making among the educated working married employees in Mbarara Municipality, Mbarara, Uganda <p>The study determines the level of household income utilization and decision-making among educated working married employees in the Mbarara Municipality, Mbarara, Uganda. The study was guided by Sen’s Cooperative Conflict Theory. The study employed a mixed design of quantitative and qualitative approach. It targeted working educated married employees from MMC with a study sample of 113 respondents consisting of 92 married, educated working employees. Purposive sampling was used to select key informants (21) like the LCs 1,(6) 2(6) and 3(6) mayor,(1) probation officer(1) and legal officers (1) that is in the 6 division in the municipality was interviewed. Qualitative data were analyzed using themes and quantitative data using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software.</p> <p>The study findings established that age, marital status, religion, educational qualification, years of marriage, monthly income influence the level of income utilization and decision-making among working educated married employees. In addition, patriarchal ideologies, community perceptions of decision making, gender roles, and religion also impacted their income utilization. The findings of this study also show that the level of household income utilization among the educated working married employees in Mbarara Municipality also varies based on the amounts earned by married employees and the difference between the husband and wife’s salaries.</p> <p>The study concluded that household income utilization in general significantly influences the decision making process and affect the level of income utilization among educated working married employees. This is because the household is a huge contributor to the decision making process in the majority of employees’ homes in Mbarara Municipality. Based on the findings, the study recommends that the government should intensify effort by providing jobs for men and women to meet the financial obligation in their household.</p> <p>Keywords: Gender Relations, Educated, Working Married Employees, Mbarara, Uganda</p> Tajudeen Adebayo Sanni Copyright (c) 2021 Tajudeen Adebayo Sanni 2021-04-16 2021-04-16 8 4 98 120 10.14738/assrj.84.9878 A New School With Spaces Inclusive Pedagogics <p>The current public policies in education matters of the Chilean State have declared within their focus the educational inclusion and a new public quality education that offers the best opportunities to all its inhabitants, especially to the most vulnerable socially, culturally and economically. In this way, it takes the international commitment mandated by the United Nations in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular the Sustainable Development Goal 4, whose objective is to guarantee an inclusive and equitable quality education and to promote opportunities of permanent learning for all. The objective of this investigation considers studying the attitudes of pedagogy students to promote the inclusive school's development. It is necessary, therefore, to know what they think and feel one of their main actors that will lead these changes, future teachers. This study was developed under a quantitative, multivariate, descriptive and correlational model of the phenomenon based on the general perceptions of the sample according to the studied construct. The data collection was carried out through the adaptation to the Chilean reality of the "Questionnaire for future Secondary Education teachers about perceptions of attention to diversity" (Colmenero &amp; Pegalajar , 2015). The results show a positive perception towards inclusion of students, but it is necessary materialized them in a better initial teacher training and in real inclusion practices.</p> José Manuel Salum Tomé Copyright (c) 2021 José Manuel Salum Tomé 2021-04-16 2021-04-16 8 4 121 134 10.14738/assrj.84.10001