Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ <p>Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal (ASSRJ) is an international peer reviewed open access bi-monthly on-line journal published by the Society for Science and Education United Kingdom. The journal encourages the researchers and practitioners to publish their research work with an objective to widely share their thoughts, ideas and findings beyond physical boundaries. Theoretical &amp; empirical research articles, reviews and case studies related to all the field of social sciences are welcomed for publication after careful reviews and recommendations from subject experts.</p> Services for Science and Education, United Kingdom en-US Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2055-0286 <p>Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.</p><p>All authors of manuscripts accepted for publication in the journal <em>Transactions on Networks and Communications </em>are required to license the <em>Scholar Publishing</em> to publish the manuscript. Each author should sign one of the following forms, as appropriate:</p><p><strong>License to publish</strong>; to be used by most authors. This grants the publisher a license of copyright. Download forms (MS Word formats) - (<a title="SSE Copyright Manuscript" href="/Repository/Forms/SSECopyright-Manuscript.docx" target="_blank">doc</a>)</p><p><strong>Publication agreement</strong> — Crown copyright; to be used by authors who are public servants in a Commonwealth country, such as Canada, U.K., Australia. Download forms (Adobe or MS Word formats) - (<a title="SSE Copyright Manuscript Crown" href="/Repository/Forms/SSECopyright-Manuscript-CrownAuthor.docx" target="_blank">doc</a>)</p><p><strong>License to publish</strong> — U.S. official; to be used by authors who are officials of the U.S. government. Download forms (Adobe or MS Word formats) – (<a title="SSECopyright Manuscript US Official" href="/Repository/Forms/SSECopyright-Manuscript-US-Official.docx" target="_blank">doc</a>)</p><p>The preferred method to submit a completed, signed copyright form is to upload it within the task assigned to you in the Manuscript submission system, after the submission of your manuscript. Alternatively, you can submit it by email <a href="mailto:copyright@scholarpublishing.org?subject=Copyright : International Journal of Medical Imaging and Graphics!">copyright@scholarpublishing.org</a></p> Revitalizing Orin Farm Settlement for Food Security in Ido Region, Nigeria. https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6816 <p>Ido region in Ekiti State, Nigeria experiences economic shortage specific to food production. This associates with difficulty in food distribution on account of poverty, population growth and inadequate social infrastructure. Personal observation and verbal interview with the residents of the area revealed high level of food insecurity. Majority of the young school leavers and uneducated working class have moved to urban areas due to lack of social infrastructure and fund which represent the economic power to embark on commercial farming. This paper emphasizes the need for Ekiti State Government to propel commercial agriculture by reviving Orin farm settlement for sustainable food production. No doubt, broad based policies are required to diversify the economy of the region through a well-focused food security agenda.</p> Basorun Joseph Omoniyi Daramola Joshua Olusola Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 6 8 1 5 10.14738/assrj.68.6816 “OMG It’s not a big deal:” Generation Z’s perceptions of academic integrity and cheating in the 21st century: A phenomenological study https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6810 <p>The purpose of this study was to determine Generation Z’s perceptions of cheating in relation to academic integrity, more specifically plagiarism. Utilizing a phenomenological design the researcher identified three key themes, which included <em>social media assistance</em>, <em>helping not cheating</em>, and <em>Google as a learning tool</em>. From these findings, it can be inferred that with the advent of social media and the accessibility of technology, our newest generation enrolled in middle and high school have a relaxed attitude toward academic integrity. The issues that arise from this study provide teachers, administrators and parents reason to pause and question the appropriate use of technology in our connected 21<sup>st</sup> Century classrooms.</p> Carianne Bernadowski Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 6 8 6 12 10.14738/assrj.68.6810 Address Forms and Honorifics Encoding in the Fur Society https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6668 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>The paper of <em>Address Forms and Honorifics Encoding in the Fur Society</em> is a trial study from the Fur native speaker to shed light on the Fur language and urge the Fur language native speakers to brain storm and reflect on their language to open the gate way to those who are interested in the Fur researches. It is a thorough survey of the address forms and honorifics used in the Fur society. The investigation is a thorough tour in the Fur culture of practicing their social and political relationships using the address terms and honorifics. This is depicted from the familial address forms and honorifics to embrace pre-greeting forms, system of personal names, lexical address forms, honorifics and address terms stem from marital relationships and using the personal pronoun as an address term besides the form<em> hayi</em> to the titles given after professions. Furthermore, the paper explains the titles and honorifics given to the rankings of ruling class and their fillers besides titles given to those who were achieving certain functions in the Sultanate.</p> <p><strong>Key words: </strong><em>the Fur; the Fur language; address forms; honorifics; the Sultanate</em></p> Abdallah Dawod Omer Jumaa Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 6 8 13 29 10.14738/assrj.68.6668 Indigenous Cultural Practices and Natural Resources Conservation in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6381 <p>This study was designed to examine how indigenous socio-cultural practices contribute to the conservation and management of natural resources in Owerri, Imo state, Nigeria. The major purpose of this paper is to investigating the extent to which totemism (forbidden items), creation of protected areas (evil forest, sacred grooves, burial ground), shrines and sanctuaries as indigenous socio-cultural practices contribute to natural resources conservation in Owerri, Imo state, Nigeria. Three research questions and three commensurate null hypotheses were formulated for the study.. The population of the study consisted of farmers, carvers, traders, civil and public servants, conservation organizations among others. The multi-stage sampling techniques, was used to select a sample of 240 respondents from a population of about twelve thousand persons from 12 selected autonomous communities. A structured questionnaire divided into two sections with the modified four point Likert scale response option was the major instrument for data collection. The researcher with the help of trained community secretary administered the instruments and there was a 100% instrument return rate. Pie chart and simple percentage were used to answer the research questions, while Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis was used to test the relationship between the sub variables which makes up indigenous cultural practices and the conservation of natural resources at 0.05 significant levels at 238 degree of freedom. The result of the analyses of all the hypotheses were significant indicating that each of the sub-variable constituting indigenous cultural practices contributes to the conservation of natural resources in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that modern conservation activities should purposely design strategies to incorporate indigenous socio-cultural practices for the conservation of natural resources in the study area and beyond.</p> Chris-Valentine Ogar Eneji Charles Nnaji Ogundu I. A. Ojelade Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 6 8 30 44 10.14738/assrj.68.6381 Southwestern Nigerian University Undergraduates’ Acceptance of YouTube as a web-based Instructional Tool https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6866 <p>The study assessed the Southwestern Nigerian undergraduates’ acceptance of YouTube as a web-based instructional tool using Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) Model. It determined the level of awareness of YouTube as a web-based instructional tool by the undergraduates. It measured the undergraduates’ effort and performance expectancy of YouTube and the conditions that facilitate its acceptance at the universities. The study employed the descriptive survey research design. The population consisted all registered undergraduates in Southwestern Nigeria. 800 students were selected from Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile-Ife, Osun State, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Oyo State and Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State using disproportionate stratified sampling. The three universities were purposively selected based on their webometric ranking in terms of ICT usage. Findings from the study indicated that 57.80% of the undergraduates are moderately aware of YouTube as an instructional tool. The effort expectancy (×̅=3.00, sd=0.60)&nbsp;as well as the performance expectancy (×̅=3.00, sd=0.62) show that the undergraduates accept YouTube. The conditions identified by the undergraduates that can militate the acceptance of YouTube in the region included low bandwidth (79.70%), low hard disk space (65.60%), epileptic electricity supply (68.60%) and high cost of required devices (68.40%). The study therefore concluded that Southwestern Nigerian undergraduates are prone to accepting YouTube as a web-based instructional tool.&nbsp;</p> <p>The study assessed the Southwestern Nigerian undergraduates’ acceptance of YouTube as a web-based instructional tool using Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) Model. It determined the level of awareness of YouTube as a web-based instructional tool by the undergraduates. It measured the undergraduates’ effort and performance expectancy of YouTube and the conditions that facilitate its acceptance at the universities. The study employed the descriptive survey research design. The population consisted all registered undergraduates in Southwestern Nigeria. 800 students were selected from Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile-Ife, Osun State, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Oyo State and Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State using disproportionate stratified sampling. The three universities were purposively selected based on their webometric ranking in terms of ICT usage. Findings from the study indicated that 57.80% of the undergraduates are moderately aware of YouTube as an instructional tool. The effort expectancy (×̅=3.00, sd=0.60)&nbsp;as well as the performance expectancy (×̅=3.00, sd=0.62) show that the undergraduates accept YouTube. The conditions identified by the undergraduates that can militate the acceptance of YouTube in the region included low bandwidth (79.70%), low hard disk space (65.60%), epileptic electricity supply (68.60%) and high cost of required devices (68.40%). The study therefore concluded that Southwestern Nigerian undergraduates are prone to accepting YouTube as a web-based instructional tool.&nbsp;</p> Temitope Oteyola Tayo Bada Itunu Akande Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 6 8 45 57 10.14738/assrj.68.6866 Household Attitudes towards Sustainable Management of Urban Green Spaces and Parks in Lagos State, Nigeria https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6541 <p> The attitude of urban dwellers is essential to the sustainable management of green spaces and parks in their environment. The study was carried out to examine various ways of raising fund, preferred mode of contribution and determinants of mode of contribution of the respondents to sustainable management of urban green spaces and parks. A total of 120 respondents were purposively selected based on the existence of green spaces and parks in six local government areas of Lagos state, Nigeria, Frequency counts, percentages and multivariate Probit regression model were used to analyze the data. The result shows that voluntary donations and Tax were rated by 40.8% of the respondents respectively as the most viable way of generating funds for sustainable management and maintenance of urban green spaces and park in Lagos state. Also, 46.67% of the respondents were willing to donate or pay cash as their means of contributing to sustainable management of green spaces and parks, while 6.67% were not willing to donate or render any assistance for sustainable management of green spaces and parks. The study affirmed that the Sex, Marital status, and average monthly income of the respondents had positive and significant influence on the respondents’ contribution to sustainable management of urban green space and parks, while educational level had a negative influence on the mode respondents’ contribution to sustainable management of green spaces and parks.</p> O. C. Ajewole G. M. Adebo B. O. Fadipe Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 6 8 58 66 10.14738/assrj.68.6541 The Visuality of the Holocaust Today https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6937 <p>The&nbsp;Visuality of the Holocaust Today</p> <p>By invoking the term Visuality, I am quite intentionally referring to the optical encounter with Holocaust representation in today’s world.This notion is a reaction to the common adage that states, people don’t want to read the book, they want to see the movie. Holocaust representation in this visual sense is primarily encountered in museums, the cinema, and the fine arts such as painting and sculpture. This latter category, by its virtuality as a highly subjective presentation, is better left for another discussion. On the other hand, and while acknowledging the primary significance of Holocaust historical literature, there is little argument that in the present times the most frequent encounter by the public in regards to this subject matter occurs most often in a museum or at the cinema. Therefore it behooves us to examine the public’s experience and compare it to the historical realities.</p> <p>The purpose of this work is to examine the historical evolution of the current state of affairs, and it is a challenging task. The final goal is to contribute to the preservation of honesty, historical accuracy, and, most of all the integrity of the memory of the Holocaust.</p> Gabriel Mayer Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 67 80 10.14738/assrj.68.6937 Asset Re-Functionalization To Build Business Empowerment In The Community Of Scavengers In The Landfill Of Njawar, Surabaya https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6876 <p>The increase in the number of urbanization in big cities such as in Surabaya has its own impact, especially, in the availability of employment in the formal sector and it leads to&nbsp; an alternative of choice to switch to the informal sector. Scavenging is one of the informal sectors that many migrants in urban areas are interested in. Although the community lives with the severe limitations, they are still able to survive and maintain their lives in the bug city, and strive to improve their standards of living. They have their own assets of physic, finance, human resources, and social capital although they are at a lower stage. That is why that re-functioning those assets is really necessary to create a model of business empowerment consisting of 3 dimensions, namely: the dimensions of business opportunities, HR development of scavengers, &nbsp;and accessibility of business resources. The dimension of business opportunities includes a proposal for compost processing, sorting, washing and milling of scavenging products, and savings and loans (cooperatives). Whereas, the dimension of HR development of scavengers&nbsp; include the patterns of scavenger imaging, increasing the security and order, improvement of life skills and social security. The dimension of accessibility of business sources includes partnering with the government and non-government institutions. Qualitative method was applied in this research, and technique of collecting data was conducted by using observation, interviews and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Purposive sampling was implemented to get the samples. The empowerment would result in some positive outputs such as the increase of income, the building of a positive image of scavengers by removing the negative stereotypes, and the building of networks with the central and regional governments and non-governmental institutions.</p> Tri Prasetijowati Ratna Setyarahajoe Suminah Sapja Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 80 86 10.14738/assrj.68.6876 The Teaching Philosophy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6906 <p>Any philosophy of teaching stems from the given educational system and is reliant on the principles of various educational theories. As such, the factors which inform the teaching system objectives, foundations, standards adopted by the teacher, the methods and strategies which determine individual teaching practice, inhere attitudes and/or policies for student engagement with both educational methodology and moral values. These are​harnessed to transit knowledge and improve student achievement in accordance with the fundamentals of contemporary teaching methods. In short, a teaching philosophy refers to the overall intellectual vision and a comprehensive view of strategic teaching objectives which are ultimately developed to promote the best learning outcomes.</p> <p>Since teaching philosophy rests on the three main and interrelated axes of the teacher, the student, and the curriculum, it is clearly imperative to involve the students in the research and discussion during the lesson. Moreover, the philosophy of teaching includes additional educational means such as the use of advanced projector devices to access the concept of the subject as quickly as possible, and the preparation of research papers by students. This study aims to introduce the student to organized academic research as an assignment of discussion, to enable them to adopt special ideas and/or express views clearly in tandem with the dissemination of information and the benefits acquired by each student, to use modern technology within the process of teaching by means of the latest audio visual aids, and to encourage students to use them in the process of submitting their papers. In order to achieve these objectives, the study seeks to investigate the following guiding questions: a) <em>what is the basis for the Saudi Arabian philosophy of teaching?</em>; and b) <em>how can such a teaching philosophy be developed and managed to realize the desired results? </em></p> <p>In order to fully address these questions, a variety of research methodologies and instruments has been selected, including teacher and student questionnaires, data and document analysis, interviews with teachers, students, and educational policy-makers, and an historical contextualization of all relevant documentation.</p> <p>To this end, the researcher engaged with the analytical model of teaching philosophy and a number of previous studies which were used in the same context.&nbsp; In addition, by identifying the problem, importance, and objectives of the research, the hypotheses were deemed integral to certain teaching philosophy predicates and the ensuing results. In addition to a number of recommended stakeholder tools which address the main challenges to the teaching philosophy within Saudi Arabia, the researcher also underscored the concept of teaching philosophy as the foundation of the entire educational system to achieve all goals and targets set in accordance with a multi-dimensional philosophical vision.</p> Alqahtani Mofareh A. Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 87 94 10.14738/assrj.68.6906 Can we use case method for all pre-service teachers? https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6900 <p>This study is to explore the influence of student characteristics on case learning. How do the influence of gender, experience, major and learning style on pre-service teachers’ case learning? There are thirty-seven preservice teachers in the Elementary Education Program of Center for Teacher Education at National Dong-Hwa University in Taiwan participated in this study. The results show that there is difference between pre case discussion decision making and post case discussion decision making and decision making perspectives. There is no difference in the influence of pre-service teachers’ gender, teaching experience, and learning styles on case learning. That is, case method is effective for all preservice teachers, no matter what characteristics are they. However, all learning styles except for assimilating learning style have more pre-service teachers changed than no changed. Does it indicate that assimilating learning style pre-service teachers might have difficulty to learn from case method because they in favor of abstract concepts instead of real case? More researches are needed for understanding the influence of pre-service teachers’ learning style on case learning.&nbsp;</p> Wei-Yu Liu Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 95 108 10.14738/assrj.68.6900 Peculiarities of Modern Latin American Regionalism https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6888 <p>The concept of Regionalism has gained a significant popularity in present-day international relations and political science.</p> <p>Besides attracting impressive attention as a form of economic, political and social organization since the World War II, in the 21st century Regionalism has evolved into a popular field of study too.</p> <p>Today Regionalism is multidimensionally defined. It is an ideology and political movement that focuses on the development of a particular region.</p> <p>In international relations Regionalism is transnational cooperation to achieve a common goal or resolve a mutual problem within a specific geographical region. It also refers to a group of countries that are linked by geography, history or economic characteristics, such as Latin America. Therefore Regionalism seeks to strengthen the ties between these nations, like the European Union.</p> <p>Regionalism in Latin America has a history going back to the revolutionary and post-colonial period. The leaders of the wars of independence envisioned the idea of creating united Latin American regional state or confederation, in order to protect their fragile independence out of European powers.</p> <p>Importantly, regionalism in Latin America has historically oscillated between the United States of America led and exclusively Latin American and integration projects.</p> Besik Goginava Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 109 118 10.14738/assrj.68.6888 Election Practices In Ethiopia: An Overview https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6812 <p>Democracy is a system of government or administration in which people (the governed people) have great role in deciding who to rule them and what kind of decision should be passed by the government. People play this role through different ways. Among these, one is through regular, free fair and democratic elections.&nbsp;</p> <p>This paper examines the concept and meaning of democratic elections in the case of Ethiopia and its relationship with democratic principles.</p> <p>The paper focuses on the Democratic Elections:&nbsp; a Case study in Ethiopia, mainly in the twentieth century. It tries to discuss the main features of Ethiopian elections that made in the country under different regimes of government that succeed each other in the twentieth Cuntury: Namely during the reign of Emperor Haile-Sellassie I(r. 1930-1974), the Dergue regime (1974-1991) and the current government (EPDRF regime, from 1991 to present).</p> <p>It also deals with the general historical views of elections in Ethiopia. It try to give the reader general picture of Ethiopian elections that had practiced overtime. In addition, by comparing one election practices with the other, this paper tries to show the progresses that the country tries to achieve.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>In writing this paper, I encountered serious shortage of written sources or literatures in relation to my topic. The scarcity of written materials obliged me to use internet sources as a means to engrave this paper. However, I tried my best in using other different literatures that are, in one way or another, related to the issue. Nevertheless, I tried to refer the limited available written materials I am able to found and I also used my own experience that I have got in my political life.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Dagnachew Tolessa Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 119 127 10.14738/assrj.68.6812 DEVELOPING TALENT POTENTIAL FOR A DYNAMIC BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6920 <p><em>As institutions plan for survival in an ever-changing business environment, they need to have employees that can not only perform exceptionally but also develop into future leaders called talent potentials. Therefore, the institution needs to assess the required talent potential according to its current and future strategic needs. The results of the assessment should guide the search, recruitment, and selection for the required talent potential. Once the institution has acquired this talent, the institution should retain it and develop it at all the different levels. This paper explores the talent management cycle from assessment to management of the talent with the institution with the hope of managing talent potential through the assessment of three specific individuals from three different business environments in the Zambian public sector. It also draws to the attention of how nature and future needs of the specific institution affects the specific strategic talent potential that the institution would require in order to adapt in an ever-changing business environment</em></p> Serah Mbewe Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 128 136 10.14738/assrj.68.6920 Lean Management Systems in Knowledge Institutions: A Case of ZCAS University https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6931 <p><em>The modern institutions are operating in a dynamic and very competitive environment. Therefore, they are challenged to make continual improvements in the way they operate as they provide quality service to their customers [1]. The solution to this is the application of the lean management system which has been successfully in the service industry in the bid to maintain a competitive advantage [2]. This paper explores the concepts of the lean approach, as applied to a knowledge institution, ZCAS University, being a higher educational institution, in the delivery of its academic programmes on the three modes of study, namely Fulltime, Part-time and Open, Distance and eLearning (ODeL). It will further explore tacit and explicit knowledge, the lean principles of conflict resolution, communication, structures, problem-solving skills and the leadership engagement needed for the implementation of a lean management system in relation to the requirements of an educational institution while closely monitoring and maintaining the quality of delivery</em>.</p> Serah Mbewe Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 137 143 10.14738/assrj.68.6931 Construction and Development of Perceived Marital Self Efficacy Scale https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6847 <p>The study conceptualized on measures assessing efficacy in performing specific relationship behaviours as important and useful in understanding functioning within relationships, marriage including habitual patterns of behaviour. The purpose of the study, therefore, attempt to develop local&nbsp;instrument create for understanding of perceived marital self - efficacy as many of related instruments available are foreign ones. The marital self-efficacy scale was administered to 250 volunteers’ male and female married individuals of secondary school teachers. Personal identity and optimism instruments were also used to examine the predictive validity of perceived marital self-efficacy. Exploratory factor analysis determined that a three-factor solution was best fitting, explaining 45.77 percent of the variance, which was reproduced reliably in the subsamples. Through a series of factor model testing by confirmatory factor analysis, findings indicated that the two-factor structure was reliable, internally valid as demonstrated while no items were assigned to the third factor since the items did not meet criterion assigned. Subsequent, Pearson’s product moment correlation analysis also showed that there were positive significant relationship between factors in predicted perceived marital self-efficacy.</p> Afusat Olanike Busari Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 144 159 10.14738/assrj.68.6847 ANALYSIS OF INVESTMENT, FOREIGN INVESTMENT, WORKFORCE, AND EXCHANGE RATE INFLUENCE FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NORTH SUMATERA https://journals.scholarpublishing.org/index.php/ASSRJ/article/view/6911 <p><strong>The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the Foreign Investment, Domestic Investment , Workforce, and Exchange Rate on the economic growth of North Sumatra Province. This research is a study of how the factors that influence economic growth, which are the variables in this study are correlated. Moreover, after that, we can see which factors or variables have the most significant role in influencing economic growth in North Sumatra Province during the period 2001 to 2017. The type of data used in this study is secondary data in the form of time series data in the observation period 2001-2017, obtained from Bank Indonesia and the Central Bureau of Statistics. The analysis used is VAR; this model is used to explain the dynamic behavior between the variables observed and interrelationships. The results showed that the short-term Impulse Response Function test that most contributed to the workforce are domestic investment, followed by foreign investment, economic growth, and the exchange rate. For the medium term, the most significant contribution to the workforce are domestic investment, economic growth, foreign investment, and the exchange rate. In the long term, the most contributing to the workforce are domestic investment, foreign investment, economic growth, and the exchange rate. Based on the results of the Impulse Response Function test in the short term that most contribute to the exchange rate are the workforce, domestic investment, followed by foreign investment, and economic growth.</strong></p> Yasmurni Zebua Muhammad Fitri Rahmadana Muhammad Nasir Muammar Rinaldi Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 6 8 160 175 10.14738/assrj.68.6911