Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2022-01-13T11:35:46+00:00 Florence Arthur Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal</strong> (ISSN : 2055-0286) is an international peer reviewed open access bi-monthly on-line journal published by the Services for Science and Education United Kingdom. The journal encourages the researchers and practitioners to publish their research work with an objective to widely share their thoughts, ideas and findings beyond physical boundaries. Theoretical &amp; empirical research articles, reviews and case studies related to all the field of social sciences are welcomed for publication after careful reviews and recommendations from subject experts.</p> <p>Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal (ASSRJ) aims to provide a platform for the researches and professionals to publish and get credit of their innovative research work. It appreciates the theoretical and empirical research in all the fields of knowledge related to social sciences particularly in the domain of Accounting and Finance, Advertisement, Behavioural Sciences, Business Management, Contemporary business issues, Contemporary marketing &amp; Finance, Cultural studies, Developmental economics, Economics, Econometrics, Entrepreneurship and small business management, Finance, Human Resource Management, Marketing, Management Sciences, Operation and Production Management, Organizational Behaviour, Portfolio management, Research Methods in Business, Social ethics in various societies.</p> Humanization in Educational Environments; Aspects Necessary for Living in School Today 2022-01-06T08:17:10+00:00 José Manuel Salum Tomé <p>While it is true, quality has always been measured through statistics and percentages, often forgetting the training of the whole person.</p> <p>Now, when we talk about issues such as humanism and education supported by technology, we can fall into extremes: it is common to label technology as the provider of all the evils of today's civilization; or the opposite assumption; to argue that incorporating technologies into education would be the panacea for all the problems it faces and finally, to assume that the subject of the humanities is more typical of actions and attitudes of the past than as a current need, giving vitality to any educational process. However, and fortunately for the educational community, today there are global efforts to make the educational task a human action that minimizes inequities and the abysmal differences that exist in countries like ours. Fernando Reimers says: “Equal educational opportunities must be the priority objective of educational policies, the aim of education must be to contribute to creating just societies. This requires improving the learning environments of the poor, but not only along the paths that have been started over the last decade. This aspect pointed out by Reimers is precisely the central aspect that all educational action must contemplate, the educational policies that are implemented in our country must guarantee, above all, the construction of a just and egalitarian society, strengthening the cultural wealth that we have, with respect to to the diversity of people, their past, their present and especially their future.</p> 2022-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 José Manuel Salum Tomé What Matters: Achieving Racial Equity in a Human Service Non-Profit Organization 2022-01-04T16:54:08+00:00 Ann Curry-Stevens <p><strong>Few research studies exist on the efforts and outcomes undertaken by non-profits aiming to integrate racial equity into their organization. This article, through case study research, identifies how Metropolitan Family Service (in Portland, Oregon) has make seven key gains over the last decade: staff diversification, cultural shift in the organization, board development, data systems that support disaggregation, meaningful community partnerships, high client satisfaction, and most important, more equitable service outcomes. In additional to sharing details on these gains, this article identifies the features of how this organization believes that it has actualized these outcomes: through a range of cultural features that support racial equity, and through a counselling model that centers cultural respect and support. Both are shared in this article. The article concludes with a synthesis of advice for the non-profit field. </strong></p> 2022-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ann Curry-Stevens Relational Sociological and Intersectional Research About Pain: The Case of Turkey 2022-01-03T09:12:26+00:00 Aytul Kasapoglu Cigdem Yel <p><em>Until recent years, there has been an alternative search for pain, which has been studied in accordance with the Specificity Theory and the Bio-medical Model. Among these, the bio-psychosocial model and the relational and intersectionality approaches compatible with it come first. The Primary aim of this study is to apply alternative models to the deficiencies of the bio-medical model and to show their contributions. For this purpose, physical, psychological, cognitive and social factors, which Gate Control Theory accepts as components of pain, were comparatively examined based on the life stories of seven participants, four of whom were women, with an average age of 75 years. In the light of the principles of relational and intersectional approaches that reject essentialism, focus on uncertainties, and try to reveal difference and diversity, the findings are discussed with the relevant current literature. Research findings show that as the participants get older, their physical problems increase and they experience health problems. While some of the participants, who are generally alone after the loss of their spouses, live alone, some of them stay with their children. Since Anatolian traditional culture does not encourage institutional care much, the disadvantages of living with children, such as loss of power in subordinate or weaker social status, as well as the advantages of living with children, carry them to liminal status. It has been observed that the women in the research are more successful in managing their emotions and reframing the pain they have suffered better than the men, with the resignation stemming from the traditional culture as well as the struggles they have fought throughout their long lives. As a result, it has been tried to contribute to science by showing the advantages of the holistic view of alternative models, as well as the deficiencies of the bio-medical model, which is the basis of classical Western medicine, through examples from outside the West.</em></p> 2022-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Aytul Kasapoglu, Cigdem Yel Supervisors’ Perceptions of Postgraduate Students’ Thesis Literature Review Writing in a Ghanaian University 2021-10-21T15:48:22+00:00 Joseph Benjamin Archibald Afful Richmond S. Ngula Rita Twumasi Gabriel Tetteh Frank Mensah <p>A key rhetorical unit in the thesis, the literature review has in recent times received some interest by specialists and researchers of English for Academic Purposes, academic literacy, discourse analysis, and assessment. The present study reports the perceptions of graduate supervisors regarding students’ engagement with thesis literature review writing, focusing on students’ challenges and strategies faced and adopted respectively. Semi-structured interviews were administered to nine (three each) supervisors from three Humanities departments from one public Ghanaian university. The results showed, first, supervisors’ awareness of thesis literature review writing as pivotal and, second, challenges such as reading and comprehension of texts, exercising criticality, synthesizing, referencing, and language use. Further, supervisors identified graduate students’ key coping strategies such as summarizing, paraphrasing, patchwriting, concept mapping, and guidelines from supervisory interactions. These findings have implications for the scholarship on supervisors’ perceptions concerning postgraduate students’ literature review writing in a region least featured in the literature as well as postgraduate pedagogy and further research.</p> 2022-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Prof. J. B. A. Afful, Dr. R. S. Ngula, Dr. Rita Twumasi, Mr. Gabriel Tetteh, Mr. Frank Mensah ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT STRATEGIES FOR COASTAL COMMUNITY POWER IN INDONESIA MARINE SCHOOL PROGRAM 2022-01-04T22:45:11+00:00 Nur Sayidah Hendro Wardhono Siti Marwiyah <p>The activities of community empowerment through marine schools realize the power of coastal communities. Power refers to two keywords, namely surviving and rising again. When a person and society is in a disaster-affected area, they can plan, organize, and implement the stages of rescue. This ability is beneficial both for themselves and or their community. They can avoid disasters that occur and can generally live again. The implementation of the marine school program has opened a discourse and a spectrum of thought that provides space for community empowerment activities in coastal areas. Improvement of program performance and sustainability is essential to be studied. The paper analyzes community empowerment strategies based on enabling, empowering, and protecting activities. The implementation of these activities pays close attention to the locality in the community, including local issues, local autonomy, and local accountability.</p> 2022-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Sayidah, Hendro Wardhono, Siti Marwiyah Chinese High School Students' Leadership Learning Needs and Strategy Choices 2022-01-04T08:08:28+00:00 Wenxia Cui WENFAN YAN <p>A survey of 1800 high school students in Shanghai was conducted to examine the Chinese high school students’ leadership learning needs and strategy choice. The results indicated that most of Chinese high school students have a strong interest in leadership learning. Gender, grade level, and school reputation affect the subjects' leadership learning needs and strategy choices to different degrees. To enhance youth leadership development, school education should expand student leadership development resources to promote active and efficient leadership learning among high school students. Youth education and other related institutions need to play a greater role in enriching the supply of youth leadership learning education.</p> 2022-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Wenxia Cui, WENFAN YAN Delineating the Concept of Human Dignity in the Quran: Karamah al-insan as an Antidote to Religious Conflicts and Violence 2022-01-03T09:03:06+00:00 Mohamed Bin Ali <p><em>Human dignity is defined as the right of every human life to be valued unconditionally. In Islam, this is perfectly embodied in the Quranic concept of “karamah al-insan” (Human Dignity). Karamah al insan becomes an instructive Islamic principle that regulates all human relationships, including those between Muslims and others. However, misperceptions in peripheral exclusivist thoughts have clouded the concept, positioning the honour and rights of the religiously faithful above those who were deemed lower by virtue of their religious choices. &nbsp;This paper sets out to ascertain the distinction between inherent dignity as an intrinsic right of every human being versus acquired dignity, that which is obtained by virtue of a Muslim’s efforts to ascend up the spiritual ladder.&nbsp; This distinction will distill the value of karamah al-insan as a universal value (human rights) and a shared belief among the different faiths. Furthermore, this clear distinction will deconstruct the claims made by extremist groups to justify civilian and religiously-motivated attacks. To this end, the paper will take a closer look at the Quranic verse 17:70, that specifically mention about human dignity and other related Quranic verses. The paper concludes with the argument that as a universally-shared value, the concept of karamah al-insan will serve as a robust antidote to social and religious chaos especially in these divisive times.</em></p> 2022-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mohamed Bin Ali Instructional Communication Model Of Military Education As An Effort To Achieve Center Of Excellence (Case Study: Akmil Magelang) 2021-12-22T15:31:18+00:00 Kholil Kholil Totok Imam Santoso Titi Widaningsih Dewi Widowati <p>Communication is one of the important elements that play a role in shaping the interaction between educators and students. The change in the&nbsp;Indonesian&nbsp;Military Academy (<em>Akmil</em>) education curriculum in 2009 was one of the most significant changes, in which students received an academic education equivalent to a bachelor's qualification. However, in its application the education system has not been maximized to allow students to become experts both in the military and academic fields. The objectives of this&nbsp;study&nbsp;are, firstly, to identify and analyze the role of educators in the educational communication process in the Akmil to produce quality graduates; second, to design appropriate communication patterns between educators and students; and third, to build an educational communication model in the <em>Akmil</em>&nbsp;as a Center of Excellence, so that they are able to answer the challenges of the task in accordance with the changes and demands of the times. By using a mixed method with an exploratory sequential model, the research explores information by conducting in-depth interviews with&nbsp;9&nbsp;informants, both practitioners and academics, and distributing questionnaires to 145 cadets. The results&nbsp;show that there are still difficulties in applying the principle of 'completion of orders', where a command can be given with better rationality. To that end, the researcher then completed the findings, by formulating an instructional communication model through the Strategic Assumptions Surfacing and Testing (SAST) and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) methods. As a result, this model puts an emphasis on the role of the Academic Gadik actor, which creates interactivity and communication intensity for the cadets. With this model, it is hoped that the <em>Akmil</em>&nbsp;will become a Center of Excellence for the military with high rational abilities.</p> 2022-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kholil Kholil, Totok Imam Santoso, Titi Widaningsih, Dewi Widowati Spending on K-12 Public Education: The Lebanese Case 2021-12-27T16:30:18+00:00 Tarek Shal <p>The purpose of this paper was to examine the public spending on education in Lebanon, in order to make recommendations for executives to strategize this sector. This is a desk review paper that uses secondary resources, using rigorous criteria for document selection. The paper overviews the importance of spending on education and its relationship with the overall quality of education. It highlights the different factors affecting public spending peculiar to the Lebanese context, the various challenges confronting the Lebanese K-12 public education sector, and the spending of Lebanon on it. It provides recommendations for stakeholders and policy-makers on areas that require more attention in terms of spending.</p> 2022-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Tarek Shal Communicating The Amil Zakat National Agency (BAZNAS) and Its Authority Based on the Zakat Management Act (23/2011) in Indonesi 2021-12-23T05:47:45+00:00 Kholil Kholil Andi Amrullah Fahrudin Faiz <p>This research aimed to see how BAZNAS communicates its authority based on Law 23/2011 to its stakeholders. <em>Zakat </em>management in Indonesia is being regulated by the Law Number 23 of 2011 which replaced Law Number 38 of 1999. The change of regulation was expected to push <em>Zakat </em>collection higher as its great potential, but until 2019 there was no significant change in the amount of <em>Zakat</em>&nbsp;collection. We see the problem in the authority changes that have not working optimally. Thus, this research can help BAZNAS to map out the problems related to the implementation of Law 23/2011. The research used a qualitative approach by conducting in-depth interviews, library and documentation studies. Eleven expert informants were chosen for their connection and understanding of BAZNAS. The results showed that the BAZNAS authority was accepted by all stakeholders even though it did not take place as the prerequisite for the acceptance of Barnard's authority. The changes in authority had been understood by the leaders but only halfway understood by the employees. The changes in the authority were following the vision and mission of BAZNAS. However, they were still not in line with the expectations of many parties. Finally, the changes in the BAZNAS authority were still not fully implemented by BAZNAS stakeholders. The regulatory changes could not be fully implemented yet due to differences in the interpretation of legal authority between each level of BAZNAS.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kholil Kholil, Andi Amrullah, Fahrudin Faiz The Effect of Motivation on the Needs of EAP and EOP for Undergraduate Students: The Case of Universitas Pancasila 2021-12-27T04:46:33+00:00 Mashadi Said Venny Eka Meidasari Iswadi <p>This study aims at describing the effects of integrative motivation on the needs of English for Academic Purposes (EAP) and English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) of the students of Universitas Pancasila. The study employed the survey method using multiple regression and correlation analysis. The population of the study consisted of 12708 students of Universitas Pancasila. Of that number, 388 counted with the Slovin formula at the significance level of 5% participated in the study. &nbsp;A random sampling method was employed to collect the sample. Data were collected with questionnaires with the 1-6 Likert scale. Data were then analyzed with product moment analysis, multiple regression, F test, and T-test with an alpha of 5%. The writers employed the Version 22 SPSS program. The results of the study indicate (1) the absence of the effect of integrative motivation on the needs of EAP and EOP for the students of &nbsp;Universitas Pancasila, (2) the presence of the effect of instrumental motivation on the needs of EAP and EOP for the students of &nbsp;Universitas Pancasila, and (3) the presence of the joint effect of integrative motivation and instrumental motivation on the needs of EAP and EOP. The needs are closely correlated with integrative motivation and instrumental motivation. The results of the study indicate the improvement of the EAP and EOP curricula for undergraduate students of &nbsp;Universitas Pancasila in particular and all Indonesian higher educations in general.</p> 2022-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mashadi Said, Venny Eka Meidasari, Iswadi High Wisdom Intelligence- Discussing Education of High Wisdom Intelligence 2021-12-27T03:45:24+00:00 Wen Ma Yanqin Zhu Chunli Li Bo Zhang Xin Tian <p><strong>The number of talented persons who are equipped with high wisdom intelligence will immediately determine the quality of humankind’s entire life, and the future trend for humankind’s innovation and creation in fields such as thinking, cognition, society, politics, economy, military, science, arts, culture, and so on. Meanwhile, it protects the harmonious development of various fields. By illustrating the meanings of applying high wisdom intelligence in the survival and prosperity for each nation, ethnicity and individual, </strong><strong>this article has a significant application to the </strong><strong>understanding o</strong><strong>f educational studies</strong><strong> of highwisdom intelligence</strong><strong>.</strong></p> 2022-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Wen Ma, Yanqin Zhu, Chunli Li, Bo Zhang, Xin Tian Reconceptualizing Idol Making in the Context of Bangladesh 2021-12-26T14:46:46+00:00 Mohammad Ainul Haque <p>While bringing into attention the creative skills of a local Idol maker, this paper aims at exploring Idol making in the light of the maker’s perception and simultaneously placing it within the broader social and cultural context of Bangladesh. It seeks to understand the meaning that idol-making carries to its creator, and the meaning of idol-making that is felt within the larger social context of Bangladesh. While doing so, this paper investigates the concept of art prevailing in contemporary Bangladeshi society and therefore, examines the creative dimensions of idol making from folkloristic and material culture perspectives. Along with bringing forth the unheard stories of a local Bangladeshi idol maker, this paper aims at dismantling the grand narratives of art that existed within Bengali society and therefore, provides an opportunity to reconceptualize the artistic dimension of local idol making in Bangladesh.</p> 2022-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mohammad Ainul Haque The temporal and spatial scales of arable land loss and its impact in Guangxi, China: A Commentary 2021-12-23T17:55:18+00:00 Haiying Feng Victor Squires <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Cropland abandonment because of rural depopulation or policy interventions has become a key issue in Chinese mountainous areas. One such region is the Guangxi Karst Mountainous Area (GKMA), a zone where more than 59% of total land area is hilly and arable land of a commercially viable size is almost non-existent. The rugged terrain and land fragmentation in upland karst areas result in the scarcity of land suitable for cultivation. Although depopulation and declining agriculture since 2000 within the GKMA have led to vast areas of abandoned cropland, the spatiotemporal distribution that underlies this pattern as well as its causes remain little understood.</p> <p>Geomorphic features also bring about differences in the distribution of settlements. Settlements with different degrees of distribution are accompanied by spatial differences in cultivated land resources, which lead to differences in the sufficiency of cultivated land resources. In this paper we provide an overview of the magnitude of the problem of arable land loss.</p> <p>settlements and analyze the spatial distribution and the spatial agglomeration of the cultivated land.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2022-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Haiying Feng, Victor Squires How the Telegraph and the Telephone Formed a Worldwide Wired Electromagnetic Environment 2022-01-07T18:09:26+00:00 Ian Baldwin, M. A. <p>The principle of electromagnetic induction was independently discovered by Michael Faraday (England) and Joseph Henry (USA) in 1831–32. The momentous discovery gave birth to numerous inventions that made civilization “modern,” beginning with the telegraph. First the telegraph and then the telephone required the installation of millions of miles of electric wire to cross continents and oceans in order to function as a global telecommunications system. These wires created a wholly new, anthropogenic electromagnetic environment, whose frequencies were orders of magnitude greater than those occurring naturally. Its effects on human beings, particularly inside cities, and the biosphere generally were unknown. Even now, more than a century later, the medical and environmental effects of this worldwide wired infrastructure are at best but partially understood. The telecommunications revolutions of the mid- and late 19<sup>th</sup> century were eagerly anticipated and implemented swiftly on an unprecedented scale, creating the technological basis for worldwide instantaneous communication. This paper describes the key discoveries that created the scientific and technical breakthroughs that allowed the first telecommunications revolutions to take place.</p> 2022-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 M. A. Ian Baldwin Fano: A living saviour of the Amhara people And the Ethiopian spirit 2021-12-30T17:00:51+00:00 Girma Berhanu <p>.</p> 2022-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Girma Berhanu