Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2022-06-12T14:34:49+00:00 Florence Arthur Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal</strong> (ISSN : 2055-0286) is an international peer reviewed open access bi-monthly on-line journal published by the Services for Science and Education United Kingdom. The journal encourages the researchers and practitioners to publish their research work with an objective to widely share their thoughts, ideas and findings beyond physical boundaries. Theoretical &amp; empirical research articles, reviews and case studies related to all the field of social sciences are welcomed for publication after careful reviews and recommendations from subject experts.</p> <p>Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal (ASSRJ) aims to provide a platform for the researches and professionals to publish and get credit of their innovative research work. It appreciates the theoretical and empirical research in all the fields of knowledge related to social sciences particularly in the domain of Accounting and Finance, Advertisement, Behavioural Sciences, Business Management, Contemporary business issues, Contemporary marketing &amp; Finance, Cultural studies, Developmental economics, Economics, Econometrics, Entrepreneurship and small business management, Finance, Human Resource Management, Marketing, Management Sciences, Operation and Production Management, Organizational Behaviour, Portfolio management, Research Methods in Business, Social ethics in various societies.</p> Adolescent Pregnancy the Case of Wa West District in Upper West Region of Ghana 2022-05-20T15:35:46+00:00 Clifford Vengkungngmenei Jacob Aaworb-nang Maabobr Kor <p>Adolescence is the phase of life between childhood and adulthood from ages 10 – 19 years. This age category is further divided into sub categories as Early (10 – 14years) adolescent and late (15 – 19years) adolescent. It is a very unique stage of human development and an important time for laying the foundation for good health. All the vices emanates from this stage of life if not managed well. This is the stage where there is rapid physical, cognitive and psychosocial development. Adolescents constitute a significant proportion of our population (about 21.9%) [AHSPS 2016-2020]. A cross sectional descriptive design was used in this study where data was collected at a point in time across the health facilities with Reproductive and Maternal Health Services.&nbsp;&nbsp; Both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection were used to have a fair assessment of the issues. This study design was adopted as most appropriate because it offered the researchers the opportunity to delve deeply into the issues and appropriately respond to the objectives.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>The principal respondents were the pregnant Adolescent girls and adolescent girls that delivered in 2021 who had contact with health service providers within the year. Health facilities that provide Reproductive Health Services were purposively sampled from 9 Health Centres and 13 CHPS compounds. In total 390 pregnant adolescent girls who were either pregnant or lactating were studied.&nbsp; The secondary respondents were parents of the pregnant adolescents and lactating girls, staff of Ghana Education Service as well as department of social welfare who were purposefully selected because of the critical role they play in adolescent health related issues. The number of adolescent pregnancies by age category, early adolescence (10 – 14years) and late adolescence (15 – 19years).&nbsp; The late adolescent recorded the highest number of pregnancies (N=383, 98.2%) and seven (7) pregnancies occurred within the early adolescent category with the youngest adolescent being 13years.</p> 2022-06-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Clifford Vengkungngmenei, Jacob Aaworb-nang Maabobr Kor An Analysis of The Perceived Factors Impacting Employee Satisfaction and Retention in Saudi Arabia’s Higher Education Sector 2022-05-18T22:21:14+00:00 Abdullah Mulfi Alharthey Yee Choy Leong Mohd Fuaad Said Choo Wei Chong <p>The purpose of the study is to examine the factors that are perceived to have an impact on employee satisfaction and retention. This study employed a survey approach in order to gain the respondents' perceptions of the study. The target respondents of this study are academicians in the educational sector in Saudi Arabia. The source of the sampling based on the Saudi Ministry of Higher Education. A total of 384 respondents participated in this study, and the collection of the data was based on a stratified probability sampling technique. To address the research objectives, the study employed PLS-SEM to test the hypotheses of the study. The study has found that work engagement, co-worker relationships, and a supportive work environment are key to employee satisfaction in the educational sector in Saudi Arabia. Meanwhile, the working environment, perceived organizational support, and a supportive work environment are key to employee retention.</p> 2022-06-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Abdullah Mulfi Alharthey , Yee Choy Leong, Mohd Fuaad Said, Choo Wei Chong Indian Quest for Sustainable Energy Regime: The Changing Narrative 2022-05-03T06:08:24+00:00 Girijesh Pant <p>.</p> 2022-06-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Girijesh Pant Presidential Pardon Granted to Nigeria’s Rev. Jolly Nyame, Joshua Dariye and 157 Others: Delimiting the Confluence Between Morality and Legality 2022-05-07T06:18:10+00:00 Ibrahim Abdullahi <p>The President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria while acting within his constitutional powers as enshrined under section 175 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) and with the approval of the Council of State, pardoned the erstwhile governors of Taraba and Plateau States; Rev. Jolly Nyame, Joshua Dariye and 157 others with respect to the various offences for which they were convicted and serving various terms of imprisonment. There exists genre of mixed reactions arising from the grant of the pardon largely based on the morality involved. This paper using the doctrinal research methodology appraised the presidential pardon granted by delimiting the confluence between morality and legality and observed that it is very vivid from section 175(1), (2) &amp; (3) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 (as amended), there is no criterion fixed before the discretion is exercised by the President in consultation with the Council of State. The paper concludes that it will serve no good to an accused/defendant to spend a life incarcerated when he can still be useful to himself and the society and recommended that the wide discretionary powers of the President as well as those of the governors need to be checked by constitutional amendments by providing and or listing the factors/criteria that the President in consultation with the Council of State, would have to take into consideration before the exercise of the said pardon.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ibrahim Abdullahi The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Motivation and Performance in Selected Public Sector Organizations 2022-04-28T16:15:02+00:00 Gifty Ahwireng Koomson Elizabeth Sonia Tetteh Evelyn Boadiwaa Bosamtwi <p>Effective Transformational leadership drives an organization’s members to achieve a common purpose. Leaders must influence followers to work to achieve a common vision. Leaders understand their values and the values of their followers. In other to guide and direct behavior. Motivation skills required by managers to impact positively on the performance of employees.</p> <p>This study assesses the impact of Transformational leadership on employee motivation and performance.&nbsp; The scope of the study is limited to selected public sector organizations; organizations as; Ghana Standard Authority (GSA), Food and Drugs Authority (FDA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The sample consisted of employees of the above-mentioned organizations. A total of 69 questionnaires were used for the analysis. The study found that two of the variables of Transformational leadership that is, inspirational leadership and intellectual stimulation have a strong positive and significant impact on employee motivation whiles the other two variables which are charismatic leadership and individualized consideration have a negative impact on employee motivation. Simply put, fifty percent (50%) of Transformational leadership have a positive impact on employee motivation.</p> <p>The study also found that charismatic leadership is the best predictor of employee performance than employee motivation. For public sector organizations to obtain highest employee performance and motivation, managers should use inspirational, intellectual stimulation and charismatic leadership styles of transformational leadership.</p> <p>For an organization to gain the competitive edge in its respective industry, needs among other things transformational leaders who would use their charisma, inspirational abilities and intellectual stimulation to motive their followers to obtain employee highest performance for the enhancement of a high productivity to achieve the organizational goals.</p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gifty Ahwireng Koomson, Elizabeth Sonia Tetteh, Evelyn Boadiwaa Bosamtwi FARMER- HERDER CONFLICTS AND THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC PREDICAMENTS OF WOMEN IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA 2021-11-22T10:43:35+00:00 Asor Gbamwuan <p>Farmer-Herder conflicts in North Central Nigeria have been rife since 1999. The emergence, development, and intensity of these clashes are underpinned by socio-economic, religious, and political undertones. Majorly, the area is endowed with fertile land, abundant water, and mineral resources attracting peasant farmers and herders for sustenance. The study made use of both primary and secondary sources. The study discovers that women are a powerful force in agricultural production, processing, and utilisation, and were seriously affected by these conflicts. This is because women have been killed, displaced, raped, and maimed, while their farming activities were truncated leading to joblessness, abject poverty, and food insecurity. Against this background, the study suggests that the government and other humanitarian bodies should focus on women empowerment programmes in North Central Nigeria. While anti-open grazing laws should be enforced in a manner to ensure that both farmers and herders live a symbiotic, resourceful, peaceful, and harmonious life in Central Nigeria.</p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Asor Gbamwuan Factors Affecting the Professional Satisfaction of School Teachers in Sri Lanka 2022-05-24T16:41:03+00:00 W. M. Shaminda Wanasinghe H. D. C. Priyadarshani <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #0e101a;">The teacher is the principal inventor of the education system. This is because the basic foundation for producing the human resources required for a country is laid by the teacher. Therefore, the teacher needs to create an environment in which he can carry out his career in a more satisfying context. When the teacher is satisfied, the students who learn from him benefit from it. However, there are problems with the teacher's service due to factors such as criticism of human resources in Sri Lanka, high marks in exam failures, and over-emphasis on extra classes. Therefore, the main objective of this research paper was to study the level of professional satisfaction of teachers in government schools in Sri Lanka and the factors influencing it. The literature review also revealed that there were problems with teachers' professional satisfaction. The study was aimed at identifying the level of professional satisfaction of teachers, identifying specific factors affecting professional satisfaction, and making recommendations for enhancing professional satisfaction. The survey methodology of the quantitative research approach was used for the study. It was decided that the method would be more appropriate as it was an opinion poll. Although the total population of government school teachers working in Sri Lanka was limited to the public school teachers in the Kandy District as the sample selectable population. Accordingly, out of 15 randomly selected teachers in 15 schools in the Kandy District, 233 teachers were selected for random sampling. A questionnaire prepared using the Likert scale was used to collect the data online. The data obtained from it were analyzed according to the quantitative methodology. According to the data analysis, 34.76% of the respondents said that the overall sample was professionally satisfied and 37.76% said they were dissatisfied. Thus, a small number of respondents said they were not satisfied. It is also noteworthy that the response was moderate at 27.46%. Testing the level of professional satisfaction according to the variables revealed that the satisfaction level of female teachers was higher than that of male teachers. Professional satisfaction levels were also found to be higher for teachers in 1AB schools, for graduate teachers in terms of educational qualifications, and teachers less than 30 years of age. Factors influencing career satisfaction were also assessed. Accordingly, occupational safety, career development opportunities, training, and development were the top gainers. Also, promotions, salaries, and credit facilities were seen as the minimum attainment factors. Thus the following conclusions could be drawn. There was no significant change in teachers' professional satisfaction that different variations in occupational satisfaction could be observed depending on the background factors of teachers, and financial factors did not have such an impact on occupational satisfaction. Recommendations were made to provide continuous training opportunities, increase special focus on occupational safety, and involve teachers in the decision-making and management process by adopting a participatory management style in school. It can be pointed out that the service that a school can do to maintain a high level of professional satisfaction for the teacher. It is important to note that the benefits of developing a school teacher's satisfaction will be felt by students and ultimately the entire education system.</span></p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 W. M. Shaminda Wanasinghe, H. D. C. Priyadarshani English Neologisms and Borrowings in Media 2022-05-27T04:29:31+00:00 Aynura Maharat Huseynova <p>This article is divided into two main parts: neologisms and borrowings in media. One of the main features of the modern spoken and written language has been the use of borrowed words, primarily of American-English origin. The lexical environment of a modern person, therefore, contains a significant number of foreign words and neologisms, the use of which seems inevitable for successful communication. Considering the features of the use of borrowings and neologisms in the media is especially significant in modern conditions. The main purpose of this article is to determine the role of its two themes, and to study the features of the translation of neologisms and borrowings from English into Azerbaijani in connection with the constant updating of the English dictionary against the background of the current ever-changing environment.</p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sabina Elkhan Poladova The Influence of Adult Attachment on Mental Health among Medical Undergraduates 2022-05-27T04:11:30+00:00 Yongmei HOU <p><strong>Objective</strong> To explore the present status of adult attachment and mental health, and analyze the impact of adult attachment on mental health among medical undergraduates. <strong>Methods</strong> Stratified random sampling was used to select 855 medical undergraduates from Guangdong Province, China. They were investigated with Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory (ECR) and Symptom Check-List 90 (SCL-90).<strong> Results</strong> ⑴ The scores in the both dimensions of ECR, as well as the total score of SCL-90 were (3.89±0.74), (3.77±0.55) and (1.87±0.47), respectively. The scores of obsessive-compulsive and interpersonal sensitivity were above 2.0, the lower score limit of postive symptom. (2) Multiple linear stepwise regression showed that both attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance positively predicted the total score of SCL-90 (<em>β</em>=.302, .280, all <em>P</em>&lt;.001). <strong>Conclusion </strong>The adult attachment and mental health of medical undergraduates need to be improved. Adult attachment may be an important influencing factor of mental health.</p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Yongmei HOU Role of Communication in the Process of a Better Awareness of Environmental and Health Risks Related to the Use of Pesticides in Off-Season Vegetable Crops in Burkina Faso: Case of the Boulmiougou Dam in Arrondissement N°6, Urban Commune from Ouagadougou 2022-05-11T15:49:59+00:00 Jérôme COMPAORE <p>The cultivation of off-season crops is encouraged in Burkina Faso as part of its development policy and also to address the food shortage experienced by the country due to its Sahelian location with capricious rainy seasons. Thus, this activity has been intensified around water reservoirs and marshy areas to overcome this food shortage. However, market gardeners are faced with damage caused by pests, which forces them to make extensive use of pesticides. The present study consisted of a process of communication for behavioral change, to offer modern tools (coaching, awareness) for the benefit of market gardeners in the commune of Boulmiougou. This approach is part of a dynamic to familiarize them with good knowledge of pesticides in their diversity, and especially their use in the required scientific standards and in the preservation of our living environment.</p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jérôme COMPAORE Influnce of Social-Economic Factors on Youth Radicalization in Garissa County: Kenya 2022-06-02T05:33:03+00:00 Tarsilla M. Kibaara <p>This study was set &nbsp;to study the &nbsp;influence of social-economic&nbsp; factors on radicalization in Garissa county &nbsp;in Kenya. Radicalisation refers to a process by which individuals are indoctrinated into an overtly ideological belief system that encourages a shift from mainstream ethics to extremism. While violent radicalisation appears to have been significantly neutralised in Coast, North Eastern and Nairobi Counties, Garissa county &nbsp;&nbsp;is &nbsp;still &nbsp;threatened by&nbsp; youth radicalization&nbsp; &nbsp;The study objectives were: Influence of Religious extremism in radicalization, influence of &nbsp;Cattle rustling &nbsp;in tackling Radicalization, &nbsp;&nbsp;Influence of poverty in &nbsp;&nbsp;radicalization. The study&nbsp; adopted descriptive survey research &nbsp;design in which simple random and purposive sampling &nbsp;were used to select 10% sample size &nbsp;from the target population of the study.&nbsp; The instruments of data collection included questionnaires,&nbsp; and interviews. Study reliability and validity were established through piloting of the instruments and expert judgements. The study&nbsp; outcomes will inform &nbsp;policy formulation and enhance the &nbsp;body of knowledge<strong>&nbsp; </strong>in research. The study found out that :Social-economic factors influenced youth radicalization to a very great extent as compared. to religious extremism.&nbsp; The study also&nbsp; found out that poverty played a major role in influencing radicalization in Garissa&nbsp; county in Kenya.</p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Tarsilla M. Kibaara The Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Teamwork Skills in Public Schools Principals 2022-05-14T11:33:43+00:00 Abbulnaser A. Fakhrou Laba Moarbes Christelle Abou Rjeily Mohammed Essa <p>This study aimed to identify the level of emotional intelligence and its impact on the cooperative work skills of public school principals, as well as examining the levels of their cooperative work skills practices. And its relationship to gender variables, and administrative experience.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The study sample consisted of 53 public school principals, and the descriptive analytical approach was adopted in data collection, analysis and interpretation.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results showed that school principals had moderate levels of emotional intelligence, with a decrease in the abilities of emotional awareness, assertiveness and public relations. The study also revealed an average level of cooperative work skills practice, with low levels of empowerment skills practice.</p> <p>There are no statistically significant differences in the average emotional intelligence and the level of practice of cooperative work skills for the school principal due to the variables of gender and administrative experience. While there were statistically significant differences in the ability to adapt due to the gender variable for school principals. The results showed differences in the areas: the ability to withstand stress, control emotions, conflict resolution skills, communication and meeting management, attributed to the variable of administrative experience in favor of more experienced school principals.</p> <p>The study confirmed the existence of a positive and moderate correlation between emotional intelligence and collaborative work skills.</p> 2022-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Abbulnaser A. Fakhrou, Laba Moarbes, Christelle Abou Rjeily, Mohammed Essa Fiscal Expansion in The EU and Scale Effect on Growth Deviations of Developing Economies 2022-06-12T13:42:24+00:00 Niyazi Özker <p>The accelerating effect of financial support and incentives creates different growing trends in countries representing emerging economies. This phenomenon is the subject of other economic growth models in a process in which the expected public supports positively affects emerging economies, including financial monetary policies. Besides the structural effects of the budgetary expansion phenomenon, this study aims to analyse the contribution to economic growth, especially in countries representing emerging economies within the EU's scope and put forth the scale values for determining possible deviations in response to increasing monetary expansions. These countries have different actual economic growth trends from EU countries, which mean different fiscal policy targets within the scope of the public economy have created other efficiency deviations in expenditure-based policies. It is observed that the fact that public financial support does not appear solely based on public expenditures and that their possible indirect effects on the public budget have a different impact on the target economic growth trends in an expanding fiscal process. Here, the problem for emerging economies is to achieve a controlled fiscal expansion and public spending trends without causing possible macroeconomic deviations from target economic growth. Whether the fiscal-budgetary expansion will include a possible inflationary process in the expansion of the monetary base can also be followed in the empirical process in which the monetary policy targets and the fiscal policies in practice form the basis of possible conflict.</p> 2022-06-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Niyazi Özker