Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal 2019-12-03T12:41:21+00:00 Florence Arthur Open Journal Systems <p>Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal (ASSRJ) is an international peer reviewed open access bi-monthly on-line journal published by the Society for Science and Education United Kingdom. The journal encourages the researchers and practitioners to publish their research work with an objective to widely share their thoughts, ideas and findings beyond physical boundaries. Theoretical &amp; empirical research articles, reviews and case studies related to all the field of social sciences are welcomed for publication after careful reviews and recommendations from subject experts.</p> Some reflections before the Beginning of the Research Project on Modern Natural and Technological Challenges in Russia 2019-11-11T02:07:51+00:00 Oleg Yanitsky <p>The article represents an attempt of qualitative modelling of the organization and the process of work on the research project titled the ‘Volunteering in the Critical Situations as a Response to Natural and Technological Challenges in Russia’ taking into account the main impediments and difficulties generated by the inside and outside forces. Such attempt seems necessary because we launch this project in very uncertain conditions such as the transition period of Russia toward the Forth scientific and technological revolution (hereafter the STR-4), the prevalence of mono-disciplinary mode of the research and teaching as well as by a very waste territory of Russia with highly dispersed habitat, especially in the North, Siberia and the Far East. Only the triad as the ‘scientific knowledge—teaching—experience in situ’ could offer to the rescuers and volunteers a necessary knowledge and social experience, and our project have to be organized in a right way. Therefore, I suggest to launch the work on the project ‘from the end’ i.e. from the anticipated results of it in the form of one or several hypotheses related to the final results of the project. Such mode of collaboration of the project’s participants allows us to avoid a widespread mistake when the theoretical model of subject in question begins to contradict with the results of the following field-research.</p> 2019-11-11T02:01:23+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Farmers’ Participation on Rice, Corn, and Soybeans Enhancement Production Food Self-Sufficiency Program at Juwangi District Boyolali Regency 2019-11-11T02:08:22+00:00 Retno Fajar Kusdiyanti Ravik Karsidi Sugihardjo <p><strong>Rice, Corn, and Soybeans Enhancement Production Food Self-Sufficiency Program is&nbsp;the government development program in agriculture area. This program is aimed at achieving food self-sufficiency through increasing food crop production, involving the participations of rice, corn, and soybeans farmers. This research aimed at analysing the differences participation among rice, corn, and soybeans famers on food self-sufficiency program. The research took place in May to August 2019 in Juwangi district Boyolali regency as it had three commodities for the program. The research used survey approach involving 130 respondents as the sample from total population of 972 farmers. The cluster sampling technique used to determine the sample. The research used questionnaire to collect the data and t-test to analyse the data. The research showed that there was no significant participation between rice farmers and corn farmers. However, there was a significant participation between rice farmers and soybeans farmers too between corn farmers and soybeans farmers.</strong></p> 2019-11-11T02:02:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Impact of Informal Activities on Public Secondary School in Ogbomoso, Nigeria 2019-11-11T02:08:47+00:00 Olaitan Olutayo Odunola Babatunde Femi Akinyode <p>Secondary education plays important roles in educational system and serves as link between primary and tertiary education for children to acquire additional knowledge, skills and qualities beyond their primary school level. However, informal activities surround majority of secondary schools in developing nations. Although, informal activities have lot of benefits especially in the areas of employment opportunities and income generation. Nevertheless, this study hypothesize that, the activities generate varieties of social, educational and psychological effects on secondary schools. This study employed quantitative technique through questionnaire administration and qualitative techniques through direct observation and personal interview for data collection within five selected senior secondary schools among 281 respondents. Quantitative data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and development of Informal Activities Effect Index (IAEI). On the other hand, qualitative data used content analysis for analysis. The analysis were to assess the impact of informal activities on the public secondary schools. The result reveals that men of middle age majorly engaged in informal activity as possible avenue for employment opportunity and poverty alleviation strategy. However, their location have greater impact on students’ academic performance and becomes nuisance to the public secondary schools environment. The authors suggest enforcement of discipline to maintain educational standard, fencing of the school’s environment and employment of food vendors to prevent sneaking out of students during the school hours. The effectiveness of planning officers at local and state government levels for proper design and implementation of the development plan is inevitable for appropriate development control.</p> 2019-11-11T02:02:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Application of Licensing Services Electronic Based Construction Services Business 2019-11-11T02:09:29+00:00 Susi Ratnawati Sri Umiyati M. Husni Tamrin <p>This research main goals are describring and analyzing service application based on electronic (Descriptive Study on Bussiness Permit Licensing for Construction Service in One-stop Integreted Service Unit in Surabaya). This research uses descriptive method with qualitative approachment. The theory that is used for analyzing on this research is e-Service Quality theory that consist of 7 dimension that are Website Design, Reliability, Responsiveness, Security/Privacy, Costumization, Information, and Ease of Use. The research result shows that application of Business Permit Licensing based on electronic is good. The dimensions that have shown the application of electronic-based services are good, namely in the dimensions of Responsiveness, Security / Privacy, Customization, Information, Ease of Use. The dimensions that show the application of services that are still not good, namely the dimensions of Website Design and Reliability.</p> 2019-11-11T02:04:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal COLLABORATIVE LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN EKITI STATE 2019-11-11T02:09:50+00:00 Joseph Babalola <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>This study examined the effect of collaborative teaching on students’ academic achievement in English language in Ekiti State. The population consisted of 161 Junior Secondary school three students made up of 103 males and 58 females selected from Federal Science and Technical College, Usi-Ekiti, Ekiti State. A total of 20 students (10 males) and (10 females) randomly selected from the school constituted the sample. The twenty students were divided into two groups-Experimental and Control. Group A was used as experimental group while group B was used as the control group. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The data collected were analysed using mean and percentages to answer the research questions while t-test and chi-square statistics were used to test the hypotheses. The major findings show that the students taught with Collaborative Teaching Strategy (CTS) achieved significantly better outputs than those of the control group. The study also discovered that there was no significant gender difference in the students’ achievement in English language. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that collaborative teaching strategy should be adopted as a more effective approach to teaching of English Language at the Junior Secondary School levels.</em></p> 2019-11-11T02:04:50+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Pursuit of a sustainable tourism policy by connecting historical sites and ancient conventions in Seoul 2019-11-11T04:41:54+00:00 LEE JONG OH <p>Gyeongbokgung Palace is the most visited historical site in Seoul. With Gyeongbokgung Palace in the middle, Jongmyo Shrine is located to the left on Jongno 5-ga and Sajikdan Altar to the right in Sajik-dong. Currently, two events take place here—changing of the guards at Gyeongbokgung Palace and a memorial rite at Jongmyo Shrine—buttheyare conducted separately, whichindicates the lack of focus in explaining the connection between Seoul’s historical sites and history. Historical content that can be used to address this includes the procession of the king of Joseon and <em>jikso</em> activities by Joseon’s people. <em>Jikso</em>is a way to appeal directly to the king instead of a state agency about the people’s problems. The king’s ceremonial walk from the palace can be linked to Jongmyo Shrine, Sajikdan Altar, and the Cheonggyecheon Stream,Joseon’s busiest areas. Moreover, historical scenes of communication between the king and people can be recreated in spaces between the palace, Jongmyo Shrine, Sajikdan Altar, and Cheonggyecheon. This example will serve the history and sustainability of the city’s capital. Therefore, the present study utilized the Smart Seoul Map operated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government to identify the locations of Seoul’s important historical sites and analyze their distribution and scopes of influence and, consequently, identify places that can be utilized as new historical content. Determining how to link the king of Joseon’s ceremonial walk and <em>jibs</em> to historical places will help develop historical content to connect historical sites and small cities. This will enable the development of large-scale historical content that links the unit areas outside small cities as well as creation of a new type of urban culture while preserving Seoul’s historical nature.</p> 2019-11-11T02:05:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Risking development by prioritizing the possession of firearms in Brazil: development is not achieved by arming the population! 2019-12-03T08:57:33+00:00 Gustavo Cunha Araújo Deyla Paula de Oliveira <p class="Teaser" style="text-align: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-family: 'Calibri','sans-serif';" lang="EN-US">The information in this article problematizes and broadens the debate on the importance of science to the development of Brazil, which is currently in crisis due to cuts in research investments in the country, making it impossible for scientists to continue carrying out ground-breaking research. We argue that this is due to two main factors: the approval of the Constitutional Amendment Project no. 55/2016, popularly known as the “death PEC,” which freezes public investments for twenty years and heightens the precariousness of education, health, science, security, and other sectors key to the country’s development along with the lack of interest in investing in national science by President Jair Bolsonaro who, among other things, prioritizes the possession of firearms as well as relaxation in the control of pesticides, which can further increase deforestation and deteriorate Brazil’s environment. The development of a nation is dependent on many factors such as investment in health, education, public safety as well as science, technology, and innovation. Although Brazil is a country with enormous potential for economic development and international research, these areas have been neglected by the current government. This article analyzes the possession of firearms in Brazil as a means of inhibiting the country’s development. It concludes that investing in the above-mentioned areas can reduce violence and poverty among other problems that are present in countries where governments invest little in such crucial sectors.</span></p> 2019-11-11T02:06:45+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Pauline Theology and the African Home: Exploring cultures family and faith in the Global South, Paul and gender in perspect 2019-11-27T07:01:47+00:00 Anthony Amadi <p>Not Available</p> 2019-11-11T02:07:25+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Counteracting Radicalism with Cultural Communication in Religious Practices 2019-11-17T16:57:13+00:00 Rachmat Kriyantono <p>This study aims to analyze the relationship between religious habits and radical behavior (terrorism). It is assumed that individuals who adopt cultural values ​​in practicing religious worship will not carry out terrorist activities. Religion is not only a relationship with God but also a relationship with society. This research uses content analysis method on terrorism news in online media. This research found that most terrorists are people who do not have good quality social relations with the community, tend to be closed and aloof from social relations. Terrorists also do not engage in religious activities together, including not making culture a religious instrument. This research contributes to developing the study of terrorism communication in the Indonesian context.</p> 2019-11-17T16:51:15+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Perceptions And Attitudes of Saudi Arabia University Students Towards Adopting WhatsApp As Students-teachers’ Interactive Tool 2019-11-27T07:01:06+00:00 Amir Mohammed Albloy Wijdan Mohieldeen Mohamed <p>This study was mainly grounded in the researchers’ personal experience of using WhatsApp as an interaction tool in an English classroom. This platform was used to enhance the communicative interaction between the students and their teachers. WhatsApp group was created during the first semester in 2018/2019 at the College of Science and Arts at Najran University - Branch of Sharurah, and the College of Sciences &amp; Arts at Qassim University - Branch of Alasyah. The participants were bachelor degree students of English. The study employed a quantitative exploratory research approach, whereby a questionnaire was distributed to students who used WhatsApp as an interactive tool in their course of study. Data was obtained through a questionnaire with (40) purposively selected students of WhatsApp group. Data were analyzed quantitatively based on the SPSS program. The results show that WhatsApp had a positive effect in enhancing interaction between students and their teachers, WhatsApp makes interaction between teachers &amp; their students easier than in the classroom. As a result, shy students can freely communicate &amp; interact through WhatsApp with each other and their teachers, WhatsApp creates a friendly relationship between students and their teacher, and WhatsApp is an efficient tool of interaction in cases of distant learning. Therefore, student-teacher interaction becomes more effective in WhatsApp than inside the classroom.</p> 2019-11-17T16:51:49+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Impact of Monetary Policy Shocks on Macroeconomic Fundamentals: The Role of Asymmetry and Uncertainty in Nigeria 2019-11-17T17:06:07+00:00 LeeLee N. Deekor <p>That monetary policy is made in an environment of substantial uncertainty is only a commonplace knowledge. But for the peculiar vulnerability of monetary authorities to exogenous conditions in developing economies, we hypothesized for the role of uncertainty in the asymmetry effect of monetary policy. Essentially, we explore both money supply and interest rate process using linear and non-linear ARDL to show that political pressure such as variability in government borrowing has the potential to accelerate the asymmetry effect of monetary policy. We also observe the asymmetry effect of monetary policy to be sensitive to the choice of monetary policy indicator. These findings suggest that monetary authorities must consider not only the effectiveness or otherwise of monetary policy instruments to affect the target policy goals, but also the fact that not all the target variables react in a similar way to expansionary and contractionary monetary policy shocks.</p> 2019-11-17T16:52:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal The Great Mother: A Psychoanalytical Analysis of the Magna Mater In Two Novels 2019-11-17T16:58:21+00:00 Wahaj Unnisa Warda <p>Sigmund Freud formulated the theory of “Oedipus Complex”, &nbsp;Erich Newmann came forth with “The Great Mother or the Magna Mater” based on Carl Jung’s Theory of the Archetype and the Mother Complex, which charts the &nbsp;mental processes of women’s psychological development. Two novels are analysed based on the given psychoanalytical theories the first a British novel&nbsp; “Sons and Lovers” by D.H. Lawrence and the other Australian “The Thorn Birds” by Colleen McCullough. Both novels have&nbsp; two brothers who become the focus of their mother’s attention and the overbearing mother’s control clashes with their identities, which results in death or fallout from society. The characters’ personal conflicts reveal encrypted truth.</p> 2019-11-17T16:53:53+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal SOCIAL SOLIDARITY OF STUDENTS IN STATE SMA KUPANG CITY 2019-11-17T16:58:44+00:00 fespy oristo toineno <p><strong>SOCIAL SOLIDARITY OF STUDENTS IN STATE SMA KUPANG CITY</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Fespy O. Toineno</strong><strong>, S.Pd, </strong><strong>Prof. Dr. Muhammad Akhyar, M.Pd</strong><strong>, </strong><strong>Prof. Dr. Nunuk Suryani, M.Pd</strong></p> <p><em>Email: <sup>1 </sup></em><a href=""><em></em></a><em>, </em><em><sup>2 </sup></em><a href=""><em></em></a><em>,</em><em> <sup>3 </sup></em><a href=""><em>nunuk</em><em>_</em><em>suryani</em><em>_uns</em><em>@</em><em>yahoo</em><em>.</em><em>com</em></a></p> <p><strong>History Education Postgraduate Program, Sebelas Maret State University Surakarta</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Social solidarity is the togetherness of individuals or groups that arise from moral feelings and shared beliefs that are reinforced by shared emotional experiences. Durkheim in Maliki said, there are two social solidarity namely mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity. Mechanical solidarity is an individual's awareness in carrying out social life based on the foundation of identity among its members. Whereas organic solidarity is an awareness developed on the basis of social cohesion through different solidarity models within the class of its members.</p> <p>This research uses descriptive qualitative method, research location in the city of Kupang. Data collection is done through library research, observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation techniques. The informants in this study were students of the State Senior High School in Kupang. Data analysis techniques used in this study were by means of data collection, data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions.</p> <p>The results showed that organic social solidarity was quite prominent in students. In the process of student social interaction, organic solidarity is more prominent. This is seen through one of the student activities in the learning process such as the division of study groups. The behavior of choosing friends according to liking, emotional closeness is very prominent. While the division of student roles is going well, but individuality or competition in groups and competition with other groups of students is inevitable.</p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong><strong><em>Keywords: Solidarity, Social, Students, Schools</em></strong></p> 2019-11-17T16:54:13+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal The Teaching New Generation of Students. Millennials in the Hospitality & Tourism Industry 2019-11-17T16:59:08+00:00 Rahman Abdullah Harnizam Zahari Razlan Adli Zain Nik Adnan Nik Mat Nazarudin Derani Mohamed Muneer Radzuan Noor Armia <p>Millennials is the largest group of segmentation that is still studying and looking forward to join the workforce. Their characteristics, traits, needs and wants, and their ability and talents including their pool of resources available today (technology, internet, mass amount of online information) makes them a group that is going to influence the socioeconomic condition of a nation. The ability of an educator to better understand their condition would be able to alleviate their talent and ability in the right channel while not abusing the previous generation still in the workforce.</p> 2019-11-17T16:54:32+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Feedback Learning In Faculty of Hotel & Tourism, UiTM Terengganu: A millennial’s Perspectives 2019-11-17T16:59:34+00:00 Rahman Abdullah <p>: Feedback learning in practical classes is seen as an important tool to gain input for improvisation, however, due to inconsistency of rubrics, assessment and the nature of formative feedback among lecturers, it is difficult to be conducted. Feedback learning with the help of technology (helps in standardizing assessment rubrics and timing of quality feedbacks, enable this information to be delivered to the students and lecturers gain knowledge in the process. The millennials seems to place high importance in feedback learning through technology since this functions as a medium for them to improvise in many aspects.</p> 2019-11-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Effects of two problem solving methods on senior secondary school students’ performance in simultaneous equations in Ekiti State 2019-11-17T16:59:56+00:00 Oluwatoyin Faith Ojo <p><strong>Abstract </strong></p><p><em>The study investigated the </em><em>Effects </em><em>of two Problem Solving Methods on</em><em> Senior Secondary School Students’ </em>performance<em> </em><em>i</em><em>n Simultaneous Equations </em><em>i</em><em>n Ekiti State.</em><em> </em><em>The study employed quasi experimental pre-test post-test, control group design. The sample consisted of 302 senior secondary school II students. Multistage sampling procedures were used to select the sample. </em><em>The instrument use</em><em>d</em><em> for the study was</em><em> </em><em>a test format</em><em> tagged</em><em> "Mathematics Performance test (MPT)".</em><em>The face and content validity of the instrument was ascertained while test retest method was used to ensure the reliability which yielded reliability coefficient of 0.71. Data collected were analysed descriptively using mean, standard deviation for the research question, </em><em>Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were used for hypotheses one and two respectively both at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that, the use of KPS and PPS</em><em> </em><em>enhanced better performance of senior secondary school students in simultaneous equations than the CM. KPS was most effective for enhancing better students’ performance in simultaneous equations, followed by PPS method and lastly conventional method.</em><em> It </em><em>was</em><em> therefore recommended that the</em><em> </em><em>use of KPS and PPS methods should be encouraged</em><em> </em><em>in Mathematics to enhance better </em>performance<em> of students in simultaneous equations.</em><em> Also, </em><em>Mathematics teachers should be given adequate orientation through workshops and seminars to update their knowledge in the use of KPS and PPS methods in teaching.</em><em></em></p><p><strong>Keywords:</strong><strong> </strong>Problem Solving Methods, Kolawole’s Problem Solving (KPS) method, Polya’s </p> Problem Solving (PPS) method, Conventional method, performance, Simultaneous Equations <strong><br clear="all" /> </strong> 2019-11-17T16:55:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal POSSIBLE OTRIVINE-INDUCED BRUTAL BILATERAL EXSUDATIVE RETINAL DETACHMENT 2019-11-17T17:01:18+00:00 MIRAY LOUIS DE GONZAGUE <p>Retinal detachment (RD) is the separation of the neurosensory retina (NSR) from the underlying retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The purpose is to report a case of patiente presenting a brutal bilateral exsudative retinal detachment. A 25-year-old woman with no significant ocular history &nbsp;noted rapid, painless blurring in both eyes, facial edema and buccal dryness 2 days&nbsp; following a nasal spray of&nbsp; Otrivine by selfmedication for nasal stuffiness . Her best-corrected visual acuity was hand movement perception in both eyes. The anterior chamber, iris, and intraocular pressures were within normal limits. Dilated fundus examination showed clear vitreous with intraretinal hard exsudats mimicking an hypertensive retinopathy and inferior retinal detachment in both eyes. We suspected a drug-induced retinal detachment. We ask several experts for their opinion toward this case. Physicians should enquire about the overuse of nasal sprays.They must monitor patients' use of nasal sprays containing oxymetazoline and advise those with chronic nasal congestion that the overuse of this drug may be dangerous.</p> 2019-11-17T16:56:05+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Al-Jurjānī’s Rhetorical System of Speech in Arabic and Stylistic Studies in Modern Linguistics 2019-11-17T17:02:45+00:00 Salahuddin Mohd. Shamsuddin Siti sara Binti Hj. Ahmad <p>Rhetorical System of Speech in Arabic is an arrangement of the meanings of single words based according to the order of Arabic Grammar, as their locations amongst the meanings of single words, not among the words themselves, although it is also necessary that the arrangement has to be among themselves, as they are utensils of the meanings, they inevitably follow them in their positions. If it is necessary for the meaning to be found first in the soul, it is also necessary for the word to be first in pronunciation to indicate that meaning. Single meanings of the words without the grammatical arrangements have no value, as well as the single word has no value, but inside the sentence.</p> <p>The differentiation between a word and another word as being the sounds merely cannot be without the description, as one of them is familiar and the other is savage alien on the tongue of speaker or that one is lighter on the tongue has a beautiful impact in the ears and the other is difficult to pronounce hated by the hearing. The description of the eloquence while saying "these words are eloquent" does not mean to describe that the words are eloquent, as they are words merely, because they are not only the single words. The description of eloquence is given to the appropriateness of meaning of the word according to the meaning of the word followed and the other words like that, as they are not attached to the pronunciation explicitly.</p> 2019-11-17T16:56:33+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Financial Deepening And Financial Performance Of Deposit Money Banks In Nigeria 2019-11-17T17:03:13+00:00 Mulkat Ajibola Yusuff Fatimah Olabisi Olaniran-Akinyele <p>This study examines the effect of financial deepening on financial performance of Nigerian Deposit Money Banks using time-series data spanning 1990Q1-2017Q4. The financial performance is expressed by return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE) with total bank liability, private sector credit and market capitalization as measure of financial deepening. The technique of analysis deployed is autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) to co integration. The findings show that the effect of total bank liability is positive and significant. Market capitalization and private sector credit on the other hand exert negative and significant effect. The study concludes that financial deepening affect financial performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria. It then recommends effective loan recovery strategy to mitigate the negative influence of private sector credit due to non-performing loans.</p> 2019-11-17T16:56:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Effect of Instructional Supervisory Practices on Teacher Motivation in Private Secondary Schools of Lahore, Pakistan 2019-11-24T15:00:07+00:00 Shahida Nasreen Madiha Shah <p>Research in the area of school leadership proves that effective leaders accomplish the role of instructional leaders (Zheng, 1996). The main objective of an effective principal is the supervision of classroom instructions (Hoy, &amp; Hoy, 2006). This paper examines the effect of instructional supervisory practices of the school leaders on teacher motivation in private secondary schools of Lahore, Pakistan. Twenty four schools from three different school types (low-income schools, middle-class schools, and elite schools) were selected using stratified random sampling. A questionnaire comprising of two scales, Instructional Supervisory Practices Scale (ISPS) and Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale (WEIMS), was used to collect data from 530 teachers. Descriptive as well as inferential statistics were used to obtain results. The teachers’ perceptions regarding their leaders’ instructional supervisory practices and the level of teacher motivation were determined by computing mean and standard deviation. The Pearson Correlation (r) was computed to explore the relationship between six sub-scales of instructional supervisory practices and teacher motivation. The results of the study indicated a significant positive relationship between instructional supervision and teacher motivation. It is concluded that instructional supervision significantly contributes to teacher motivation.</p> 2019-11-24T14:55:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal The Power of Readiness Theory and the Success of Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Peace Process in South Sudan 2019-11-24T15:00:29+00:00 Timothy Tut KULANG <p>In this article, the South Sudan conflict will be analyzed by examining the IGAD mediation process between the Government of South Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army in Opposition (SPLM/A IO). The study will look into factors that prompted the IGAD states to call for an emergency meeting and initiate peace talk just few days after the outbreak of the conflict in December 2013. The study will use the Readiness Theory to examine the factors that pushed the parties to the negotiation table and enable the IGAD to succeed or failed. Although the mediation was somehow shaky characterized with mistrust and suspicion among the parties, The IGAD mediators was also questionable since some of the IGAD states were already perceived has taken part in one way or other. The study will explore two major factors; first the factor that led to the agreement between the parties and the second one will be looking into assumption of readiness theory applicable to this case study. In conclusion, the study will investigate the level of mistrust and suspicion which was very high through out the negotiation and almost failed the talk to the level of parties being coerced to sign an agreement against their will of which government presented number of reservations to the mediator and went unaddressed will in many observers’ opinion was the cause of the July 2016 J1 dog-fight. But the IGAD continue pd pushing for peaceful settlement of the conflict and initiated handshake and face-to-face meetings between the leaders which eventually resulted into the Khartoum revitalized agreement in September 2018. Other arrangements also followed such as the spiritual retreat in Vatican in April 2019, which was attended by almost all leaders, but despite all these, still the motivation is in question and the time will prove this wrong.</p> 2019-11-24T14:56:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal The Impact of the Four-year Learning Programme to Students’ Career Aspirations: 2019-11-24T15:01:10+00:00 Mashoko Tserere Dzimiri Mogotsinyana Mapharing Shabani Ndzinge <p>The paper determines whether the students’ career aspirations have changed from the time they enrolled for a particular programme during the first year until they have encountered socialisation throughout the four-year learning period, which includes the internship programme. Descriptive research design was used in the study. The research population for the study were all final year University Botswana undergraduate business students on a four year study programme. Purposive sampling was used to select a total of 100 students from the final year Accounting and Finance students and, the two groups being equally represented in the sample. Primary data was used for the study and collected using a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire from the two groups during class time. Descriptive statistics and Independent sample t-tests were used to analyse the data. The internship programme is an eye opener to the students and help them to prepare for their careers. The students who enrolled for the accounting and finance programmes stuck to the careers choices they had made at the commencement of their four year study programmes. The university must continue with internship programmes, if possible assist finance students to secure internship places in finance related institutions both locally and regionally.</p> 2019-11-24T14:56:41+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Conceptual Discussion 2019-11-24T15:01:40+00:00 Darlene Mwende Ndasi Kwadwo Adusei-Asante <p>Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a dangerous practice that predates all religions and perpetrated on children for various reasons in various cultural and global contexts, causing adverse lifelong health consequences including sexual, physical and psychological problems for the survivors. Even so, there appears to be no documented work that brings together the major conceptual blocks on FGM/C, a gap this paper seeks to begin to fill. This paper summarises some major concepts on FGM/C as a resource and evaluates key evidence on the practice. While the practice of FGM/C is highly concentrated in Africa, the practice is spread out globally with a shift towards its medicalization among migrant communities and traditional settings. A focus of this paper is to propagate awareness and polarise debates to bring to an end to the practice of FGM/C globally.</p> 2019-11-24T14:57:09+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Accountability Analysis in the Implementation of Employees Performance in Kanreg II BKN Surabaya 2019-11-24T15:02:11+00:00 Sri Wahyuni Ikadona Aliyaturrahma <p>The research aims to analyze administrative and professional accountability in the implementation of employees performance in Kanreg II BKN Surabaya. There are two elements in the implementation of employees performance, namely Employee Work Targets and Work Behavior. Antonio Bar Cendon (1999), states that there are four forms of accountability typology, namely a) Political Accountability b) Administrative Accountability c) Professional Accountability d) Accountability for Democracy. The research uses descriptive qualitative method that focuses on operational principle, internal accountability, external accountability, subject matter, criteria, mechanism, and consequences. Data collection technique is done by observation, interviews, and documentation. The results of the analysis of administrative and professional accountability in implementing employees performance in Kanreg II BKN Surabaya are more dominant type of administrative and professional accountability, that can be seen from the sub-indicator of the dominant type of administrative accountability. The research is inseparable from the supporting factors, namely regulation, supervision, application systems, description of main tasks and functions, rewards, and sanctions.</p> 2019-11-24T14:57:38+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Research on Premium Income Prediction Based on LSTM Neural Network 2019-11-24T15:02:34+00:00 Li Diao Ning Wang <p>As one of the four financial pillars, insurance has the functions of risk diversification, loss compensation, financing and social management. It is of great practical significance to predict the level of premium income in the new normal of economy. In this paper, long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network was innovatively applied to the study of premium income prediction. The monthly data of China's premium income from January 1999 to October 2019 was selected for prediction, and the prediction results were compared with BP neural network. The results show that LSTM model can accurately predict premium income, and its performance is better than BP neural network.</p> 2019-11-24T14:57:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal The Leadership Style Influence Employee’s Work Commitment: A Conceptual Review In Padang Terap Community College 2019-11-24T15:03:07+00:00 Reezlin Rahman Hosni Mubarak Mohd Deris <p>This conceptual paper is to clarify the relationship between leadership style and employee’s commitment at the Padang Terap Community College. Generally, there are two factors of leadership style that underpinning for this paper, namely the flexibility and initiative that are seen to influence work commitments in this organization. The review of this paper will provide the information, suggestion decision and contribution in addressing the situation that occurred at the Community College and thus help the management’s plan for further research and appropriate changes.</p> 2019-11-24T14:58:27+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Effects Of Exchange Rate Volatility On Real Estate Prices In Developing Economies, A Case Of Ghana 2019-11-24T15:03:32+00:00 John Kwame Adu Jack Frimpong Okyere Emmanuel K. S. Amoah <p>This study aims to find out whether exchange rate volatility affects real estate domestic house prices in Ghana. To this end, a 32 years secondary data from World Development Indicators (WDI) and data from Real Estate Developers in Ghana are employed for the study. The study employs Autoregressive distributed lags (ARDL) bounds testing of cointegration t o test the null hypothesis that exchange rate volatility has n o impact on real estate housing prices. The study finds that real estate price is cointegrated with remittances, exchange rate and inflation. The long run equilibrium is stable and significant. Exchange rates d o not cause changes in real estate prices in both short and long run. Similarly past prices of real estate d o not have impact on current house prices.&nbsp; Rather, remittances positively cause real estate prices. Inflation on its part has a negative impact on real estate prices. It is therefore concluded that, volatility in the exchange rate between the cedi and other trading currencies does not predict changes in real estate prices.</p> 2019-11-24T14:59:12+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal DR Feeling of Safety among Residents in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria 2019-12-03T12:13:32+00:00 PIUS ADEJOH <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><em>This study examines the social factors that underpin the feeling of safety among residents&nbsp;&nbsp; in metropolitan Lagos. The paper is anchored on the instrumental and expressive theories of fear of crime and feeling of safety. It utilized quantitative data that were generated from 1,107 community members aged 18 who were drawn from four Local Government Areas of Lagos state</em><em>. The study found </em><em>a strong positive association between sex, employment, ethnicity, income; </em><em>perceived </em><em>neighbourhood crime level, experience of victimization, neighbourhood disorderliness and feeling of safety.It was recommended that relevant agencies of government-the police especially, must strive harder to improve citizens’ feeling of safety, because of its profound implications for the flourishing of democracy, economic development, social capital, associational life and the quality of life. </em></p> 2019-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Enhancing Critical Thinking Through Calla In Developing Writing Ability Of EFL Students 2019-12-03T12:36:34+00:00 Hery Yufrizal <p>The objectives of this research are firstly to investigate the application of Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach in improving students’ English writing ability andsecondly to answer what factors influence the students’ writing performance. The subjects of the research were the students of senior high schools in Indonesia consisting of a group of students as experimental group and as control group. The results showed that students improved their writing after they were involved in Cognitive Academic Language Learning Actvitities. Furthermore, the study also showed that levels of students’ critical thinking did not any significant effects toward their writing achievement</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-03T12:28:34+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Farm Funds Optimisation For Community Entrepreneurship At Tobati Village Jayapura City 2019-12-03T12:36:59+00:00 Yohanis Rante Sarlota Ratang <p>The village fund is expected village government and technical institutions can realize the vision of Jayapura city government that believes, independent, unified, modern, prosperous based local wisdom.&nbsp; The city of Jayapura has established the Community Entrepreneurship Agency (BKM) in each village/village/Kelurahan in order to manage the funds of the village/village/Kelurahan more effectively, efficient, precisely targeted to support the governance activities Good and transparent. The purpose of this research is to describe the management of ADD in village community empowerment as well as driving and inhibiting factors. The results showed that optimizing village funds allocation in the development of community entrepreneurship at Village Tobati Jayapura City is already running but not maximally, hence the need for strategy.&nbsp; STRATEGY (W-O) makes strategy that utilizes the opportunity to overcome weaknesses, namely consist of: Government policy that makes Village Tobati as a demonstration village for tourism, this is an opportunity to add Income or family's confidentiality. The help of Village fund, ADK, ADD the average routine each year.&nbsp; The commitment of the city government to improve and develop fisheries sector, especially the cultivation of fish cages very smooth and good means of transportation, and the help of the Prospect fund from the years 2016 and 2017 for the business of kiosk, sales Pinang, vegetable sales + Seasoning Kitchen, selling cold beverages + juice jacket, selling yellow rice, handicraft business, business selling pulse, oil kerosene + gasoline, net business. The opportunities mentioned above show that weaknesses in Village Tobati can be overcome well because of the very dominant opportunities in the village. Therefore the need for awareness from the local community to take advantage of the opportunities that exist for the welfare of the family in doing some very promising efforts.</p> 2019-12-03T12:29:09+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Exploring Predictors of Highly Effective Teachers Through Multilevel Model 2019-12-03T12:37:16+00:00 Bidya Raj Subedi Mark Howard <p>This paper explored significant teacher and school level predictors of the status of highly effective teachers based on Florida teacher evaluation system employing a two-level multilevel analysis approach known as hierarchical generalized linear model (HGLM). The analysis used 3,895 teachers who taught students in Kindergarten to Grade 12 and 210 schools from one of the largest urban school districts in United States of America. In this study, teacher and school level data are used at level-1 and level-2 models, respectively. At teacher level, the results showed significant effects of percentage of student level demographic, academic, and disciplinary variables aggregated at teacher level as well as teacher’s experience and educational degree level. At school level, percentages of Black and percentage of Hispanic students showed significant effects on the status of highly effective teachers. The percentage of variance explained at school level is found 19.5% with an effect size of 0.44 which is determined as a “medium” size of school effect.</p> 2019-12-03T12:29:35+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal The Empowerment and Product Development of "Terasi Rebon" Processed Seafood Craftsmen as a Leading Potential for Competitive Coastal Areas in Karang Agung, Tuban, East Java 2019-12-03T12:37:42+00:00 Muslichah Erma W. Mahmudah Enny Widyaningrum Abdul Fattah Soehardjoepri <p>One of the most prominent products from processed seafood from the famous coastal area of ​​Tuban is Terasi. Terasi is a type of food flavouring in the form of pasta, distinctively smelling fermented shrimp, fish or a mixture of both with salt and other additives. In the implementation of the Regional Superior Product Development Program in partnership with UKM Putra Bahari located in Karang Agung village, Tuban, East Java. Where is the production of shrimp paste as a flavouring cuisine? The problem of partners in terms of the company's production aspects is the production process in which the process of drying raw materials utilizes the availability of sunlight. Where it has an impact on the quality and extent of drying as well as the problem of cleanliness of the process. Then in operational activities have not been done with good operational management, low innovation in production and product variants, so that it needs overall assistance in marketing, financial to tax and production management aspects</p> 2019-12-03T12:30:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal The Low Value of Equality and Social Inclusion in Fragmented and Discriminatory Latin American Societies 2019-12-03T12:38:05+00:00 Cristina Gomes <p>This article aims to analyze the fragmented mix of social policies in Latin America, guided by minimalist principles and instruments of liberal thinking on individual meritocracy and contributory insurance, in order to discuss the challenges to and possibilities of developing universal policies. The article describes the historically social, economic and political contexts and pressures that frame the process of building fragmented social policies in the region; the contradictions, disadvantages, and limited achievements of these fragmented systems in terms of coverage, generosity and quality of health and pensions. Results show that expansive and fragmented welfare policies reproduce differences in quality and scope and increase social inequalities and conflicts; the challenges of building universal rights, citizenship and equality in Latin America, considering current public-private agreements, political coalitions, and interclass alliances, and the need to reorient social policies in order to overcome conflicts of interest, discrimination and market resistance, and to</p> <p>promote equality.</p> 2019-12-03T12:30:50+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Disruption in Manufacturing Industry - The Future of Global Workforce 2019-12-03T12:38:30+00:00 Dayo Ife Bambe, PhD <p>The aim of this research was to evaluate the future of the global workforce aligned with the disruptive technologies in the manufacturing industry. The impacts of 5G, robotics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning were focused on current research. The purpose was to identify the possible safety net, which could be used by the governments and regulatory authorities to deal with the negative effects of technologies on the workers’ displacement in the next 5 to 10 years. Through the implementation of the inductive research methodology based on structured survey questionnaire administered with the sample of 100 employees working in the manufacturing sector, effects of disruptive technologies on the employment situation, production activity and overall organisation performance were addressed.</p> <p>Findings of the investigation have confirmed that new technologies have positive impacts on the production activity and overall organisational performance. New technologies are contributing vitally to increasing the production output, production quality, improving the cost of delays, increasing efficient waste management, reliable and consistent growth and enhanced profitability for the manufacturing companies. In contrary, these technologies are also having negative effects on the employment situation such as reduced recruitment, training, compensation, and increased unrest. Lastly, the set of recommendations directing towards introducing governmental regulations and policies for mandatory training, balanced compensation and increased hiring, are expected to have a significant positive contribution for tackling the issue of displacements.</p> 2019-12-03T12:31:34+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Understanding Sciences Through Participatory Research. 2019-12-03T12:39:03+00:00 harry ramenah <p class="Abstract" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-indent: 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt;" lang="EN-US">The interest for a researcher to follow a participatory research approach compared to a conventional approach is multiple.</span> <span style="font-size: 11.0pt;" lang="EN-US">The aim of this project is to make scientific research accessible to everyone, especially high school students. Our approach is a new concept of learning by doing for high school students that adopt the posture of a researcher to solve a problem presented to them. Students propose working hypotheses, imagine their protocol, experiment, discuss and communicate their results. High school students are supervised by the PhD students and the results from these studies are used for their research work.</span> <span style="font-size: 11.0pt;" lang="EN-US">Currently several French and international Universities have approached us to implement this participatory research.</span></p> 2019-12-03T12:32:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Suicide as a social dilemma: Evidence from Pakistan 2019-12-03T12:39:30+00:00 Zubair Ahmed Ilyas Bhati Rizwana Kausar <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Suicide is one of the major causes of death around the globe. It has become sensitive and imperative anthropological, psychological and public health issue which need to be tackled. The present paper provides an overview of the growing literature on suicide or more commonly known as “attempted suicide or completed suicide”. Suicidal attempts (and /or completed suicides) are increasing in urban and rural areas of Pakistan such as Karachi, Ghizer, and Hunza. The exact reasons are indefinite. This paper focuses on existing literature 1) the concept of suicide; 2) analyzes the existing consensus/figures of suicide in Pakistan; 3) analyzes the main determinants; 4) risk factors of suicide; 5) analyzes the modes of suicide discussed in the existing literature on suicides in Pakistan; and 6) offers literature gap and limitations of the evidences. It has revealed that the exact factors of socio-cultural and economical determinants of suicide in rural and urban areas were investigated paradoxically due to lack of meticulous quantitative and qualitative research. Majority studies focused on suicide in women but not even a single study focused on underlying factors of suicide in men. Further methodical studies are suggested at the community level.</p> <p><em>Keywords: </em>evidence, Pakistan, social dilemma, suicide, women</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-03T12:32:47+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal From Divergence to Convergence: Towards Integration of Cognitive Linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis in Political Discourse 2019-12-03T12:39:55+00:00 QIAN WANG <p>The social turn of cognitive linguistics and cognitive turn of critical discourse analysis breed the opportunity for cognitive linguistics and critical discourse analysis to develop towards a more converging path that integrates both cognitive and social dimensions of language. As known, political discourse is intrinsically persuasive and always informs a power relation with attempts to achieve effectiveness of persuasion. This paper argues that both approaches (Cognitive Linguistics and CDA) are concerned with surfaced evidence of implicit ideologies hidden behind political discourse, so the integration of CL and CDA could extend the research scope for both paradigms on one hand, and provide more powerful explanatory tools to augment our understanding of the intertwined relations between language, cognition and society on the other.</p> 2019-12-03T12:33:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Analysis of The Application of Scientific Methods in Learning to Academic Success Skills 2019-12-03T12:40:27+00:00 Motlan Jurubahasa Sinuraya Karya Sinulingga <p>This study is aimed to analysis of the application of scientific methods in learning to academic success skills. Academic success skills are based on three broad research reviews that identify the critical skills needed for students to be academically and socially successful. These key skill sets include: (a) cognitive and meta-cognitive skills such as goal setting, monitoring progress, and memory skills; (b) social skills such as interpersonal, social problem solving, listening skills, and teamwork; and (c) self-management skills. In improving the skills of academic success many problems are faced. Problems can occur due to several factors including namely, concentration and memory. Scientific method which is intended to provide understanding to students in knowing, understanding various materials using a scientific approach, that information can come from anywhere, anytime, does not depend on unidirectional information. The study design was conducted on a quasi-experimental basis with 2 samples. One sample is applied scientific methods in learning that are designed along with learning tools that have been adjusted. The sample applied by the scientific method is an experimental class compared to the control class. Academic success skills are the dependent variable of the application used. The products implemented are very effective in improving the intended learning outcomes. The intended learning outcome is Academic Success Skills. This increase occurs because the design of objectives in the preparation of performance indicators is actually carried out by considering and formulating it in full. In this achievement also evidenced by a learning video that has shown every planned stage goes according to the learning device that has been prepared. In addition, improvements in each learning activity need to be constantly updated and adjusted to the characteristics of students' learning styles. Good learning management will trigger the results of good learning outcomes in accordance with planned objectives. It also proves that learning outcomes depend on the management of learning that has been prepared.</p> 2019-12-03T12:33:50+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal Teaching Management And Sustainable Utilization Of Water Resources At Infant Level In Primary Schools In Zimbabwe: Challenges And Opportunities 2019-12-03T12:41:21+00:00 Thondhlana Saiden Mangizvo V. Remigios <p>Water has become an inadequate resource as a result of population and economic growth, climate change, pollution and other challenges.&nbsp; This is impacting on social, economic and environmental wellbeing.&nbsp; Education about water issues at all levels is pertinent to equip people with knowledge, skills and values of its management and sustainable utilization.&nbsp; Young children have a tendency of wasting water because of lack of knowledge of its management and sustainable utilization.&nbsp; The study aimed at establishing how knowledge, skills and attitudes of the management and sustainable utilization of water resources were being transmitted to school pupils in the infant grades in primary school.&nbsp; Furthermore the study wanted to find out the extent to which the curriculum content addressed the management and sustainable utilization of water resources.&nbsp; The study was conducted in the infants section of primary schools in the City of Gweru.&nbsp; It was qualitative in nature and it employed document analysis, in-depth interviews and questerviews to gather data.&nbsp; The sample of seven teachers in the infant section was purposively selected as these were the people with the requisite information. The study established that the infant syllabi has inadequate content for the management and sustainable utilization of water resources.&nbsp; The education system in Zimbabwe has not put in place mechanisms and strategies to pass on information to the young learners.&nbsp; Teachers have not been capacitated to deal with this aspect of the curriculum.&nbsp; The methods used in schools to inculcate the content are suitable for the age levels.&nbsp; The study concluded that the content and teaching of management and sustainable utilization were not adequate.&nbsp; The materials to complement the teaching were relevant.&nbsp; The study recommends the assessment methods need to be practical so as to establish the attitudes and skills acquired and that adequate content has to be injected into the curriculum.&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-03T12:35:44+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal