The Future of Man is to be an Animal.

Readings of Aganben, Levi and Malaparte.


  • José Maurício Álvarez Universidade Federal Fluminense



Dog, Animals, Modernity, Fascism, Exile, Europe


This paper examines the role of the dog in the work of two modern Italian writers Curzio Malaparte and Carlo Levi and the writings of a notable Italian philosopher of our times, The Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben, in several works he assures the importance of animals in tne human life, and the dog, in particular, in the redefinition of the future of the human being.   Taking their assertions as analysis tools for the mentioned authors, we analize in the texts, where they formulate a peculiar way of central role represented by the animal. In Levi he is capable to be the key able to open the door to a fantastic world. For Malaparte the dog becomes the essential counterpart to the humanity being capable to harbor huge feelings that he is able to teach man . Finally, for Agamben, men and animals are part of the same natural creation and, eschatologically, walk together until, at the end of time, when humans will reconcile with their half animal nature.


Agamben, G. (2002) L’Aperto. L‘uomo e l’animale. (The Open, the Man and the Animal).Torino: Bollati Boringhieri,
Colangelo, V. Angelo, (2008). Cronistória di um conflito. L’esílio di Carlo Levi raccontato attraverso i documenti. (Cronhistory of a conflict. The exile of Carlo Levi). Napoli: Scrittura & Scrittore.
Caesar Ann Hallamore, Caesar, Michael, (2007)Modern Italian Literature. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Donato, G. di, D’Amaro, S. (2005). Un torinese del Sud: Carlo Levi: una biografia,(A South Turinese: Carlo Levi: a biography). Milano: Baldini Castoldi Dalai, Print.
Donato, G. di, Sacerdoti, G.(2004). Le Ragione dei Topi.(The Reason of Topoi) Roma: Donzelli Editore.
Donato, G. di, D’Amato, S.(2003). Carlo Levi e Il Mezzogiorno.(Carlo Levi and the Mezzogiorno). Foggia: Sergio G. Grenzi,
D’Amaro, S. Ritrovato, S.(2002). Carlo Levi e La Letteratura di viaggio nel Novecento.(Carlo Levi and Travel Literature in Twentieth Century). Foggia: Claudio Grenzi Editore.
Eliade, M. (1971). La nostalgie des origines. (Nostalgia for Origins). Paris: Gallimard/Folio.
Fernandez, D.(1960). Il Romanzo Italiano. (The Italian Novel).Milano: Lerici.
Ferreira, Jonatas. (2011). Heidegger, Agamben e o animal.and the Animal). Tempo Social, 23(1), 199-221.
Gaietto, Pietro. Horse and Whell,, 2008.
Galvagno, Rosalba, Carlo Levi, Narciso e la costruzione della realità.(Carlo Levi and the Construction of Reality).. L. S. Olschicki, 2004.
Hope, W., (2006). Curzio Malaparte: The narrative contract straigned. Licester: the Troubadour Publishing Ltd.
Ikran, Salima, Divine Creatures. Animal Mummies in Ancient Egipt. Cairo/New York, The American University of Cairo Press, 2005.
Joseph F. (2007). The voices of Carlo Levi. Bern: Peter Lang AG International Academic Publishers.
Joll, J.(1990). Europe since 1870. An international history, 4a edition, London: Penguin Books.
Levi, Carlo, (2010). Cristo si è fermato a Eboli.(Christ Stopped in Eboli). Roma: Roma: Newton Compton Editori,
Miccinese, M. (1979). Come leggere Cristo si é fermato. (How to read Christ stopped). Varese: Mursia.
Malaparte, Curzio. (2006). Febo, cane come me,(Phoebus, dog like me). Firenze: Emmebi Edizioni.
Malaparte, (1948). Kaputt, Milano: Guarnati.
Malaparte, Curzio.(2018) Febo cane metafisico.(Phoebus, mataphysical dog). Firenze, Passigli Editore.
Martellini, L. (1996). Nel labirinto delle escriture. (In the labyrinth of scripture).. Salerno: volume 17 di Studi e Saggi.
________ L (1977). Invito a la lettura su Malaparte. (Invitation to read about Malaparte). Varese: Mursia.
Moscovici, S. (1994). La société contre nature. (Society against Nature) Paris: Essais, Editions Du Seuil.
Moscovici, S. (2005). Crônica dos anos errantes: narrativa autobiográfica.( Chronicle of wandering years: autobiographical narrative). Rio de Janeiro: Mauad Editora.
Norberg-Schulz, Chirstian. (1980). Genius Locci . Towards a phenomenology of architecture. London: Academy Editions.
Onfray, M. (2007). Théorie du voyage. Poétique de la Geographie. (Travel theory. Poetics of Geography.). Paris: Le Livre de Poche.
Pugliese, S. (2004). Fascism, antifascism and resistence in Italy:1919 to the present Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.
Rosset, C. (1984). Le réel et son double.(The real and his double). Paris; Gallimard.
Soja, E. (1989). Postmodern Geographies. The reasserting of space in critical social theory. London: Verso Books.
Tuan, Y-Fu. (2005). Space and Place. The perspective of experience. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.




How to Cite

Álvarez, J. M. (2020). The Future of Man is to be an Animal. : Readings of Aganben, Levi and Malaparte. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(6), 460–471.