Main Article Content
This study was conducted to examine the factors that contribute to the utilization of HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC) among the youth in Ghana focusing on Fanteakwa District and Tarkwa-Nsuaem Municipality in light of the Health Belief Model. The study involved 424 youths between the ages of 15 - 24. The quantitative approach was used in the study. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted for the study involving the purposive sampling which was used to select the two districts and then the simple random sampling method which was also used to select the communities and participants. A structured questionnaire made up of 30 items was administered to the respondents to collect data and processed using STATA 15. The results showed that majority of the respondents (over 80%) had heard about HTC and also knew where to go for HIV testing. Again, It was also revealed from the study that as little as 25% had ever taken HIV test at the time of the study with the males being in majority than the females. In addition, more than half of the respondents (57.6%) have been given pre-counselling service before the test and majority of them (67.3%) went back for their test results. It was also found that sex (p = -0.52854), place of residence (p = - 0.67824) of respondents and perceived susceptibility (p = -0.07187) were significantly associated with HTC participation. It was recommended that social media should be used as a tool for disseminating information on HTC and also, the development and mass distribution of Self-test kits for HIV for the youth.
Keywords: HIV Testing and Counselling (HTC), Confidentiality, Persons Living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA), Health Belief Model (HBM).
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Christ-Koka, E. (2012). Factors affecting HIV counselling and testing among students in the Ho Municipality. MSc Dissertation: University of Ghana. Retrieved 12/04/2018 fromhttp://dl,handle.net/123456789/5571
Downing-Matibag, T. M., & Geisinger, B. (2009). Hooking up and Sexual Taking Among College Students: A Health Belief Model Perspective, SAGE.
Fiaveh, D.Y., & Lakas, H.M. (2011). Male Perspective on Condom Use: Context of STI/HIV prevention in the University of Ghana Community. Journal Public Epidemiology, 11(1):7-27
Fikadie, G., Bedino, M., & Alamu, Z. (2014). Prevalence of Voluntary Counselling and Testing Utilization and its Associated Factors among Bahirdar University Studies. Journal of Advancy in Preventive Medicine, 906107, 1-9
GAC/MOH, (2014). HIV sentinels survey report and National prevalence. AIDS estimates report. Accra: GAC
Ghana Statistical Service (GSS), (2010). Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, Accra: GSS
GHS/MOH/UNFPA (2005).Training Manual for health care providers in Ghana (1st ed). Accra: GHS/MOH/UNFPA.
King, R. (1990). Sexual Behavioural Change For HIV: Where Have Theories Taken Us?
Kunsu, R. (2010). An assessment of knowledge on VCT for HIV among adolescents in SHSs in the Nadowli district of the Upper West Region of Ghana using HIV/AIDS and VCT education. Retrieved from http://www.reproductive-health-journal.com/content on 24/02/ 2018.
Lewis, S., & Colbert, F. (2006). Socio-cultural impact of HIV/AIDS in Africa. Lagos: Zak press.
Phiri, W. and Phiri, G.G. (2016). Factors affecting ICT Implementation in selected secondary schools in Chipata district. . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Vol. 3. Issue 10 October pp. 161-175.
Rosanthal, S., Griffith, J., Succop, P., Biro, F., Lewis, L., DeVellis, R. (2002). The relationship between STD locus of control and STD acquisition among adolescent girls. Adolescence, 37, 83-92.
Sanga, Z., Kapanda, G., Msuya, S., & Mwangi, R. (2015). Factors influencing the uptake of Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing among secondary school students in Arusha City, Tanzania: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 15(1). Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1771-9 on 22/3/2018
Sarmah , H. K., Bora-Hazarika, B., & Choudhury, G. (2013). An investigation on effect of bias on determination of sample size on the basis of data related to the students of schools of Guwahati. International Journal of Applied Mathematics & Statistical Sciences (IJAMSS), 2 (1), 33-48
Tanye, V.K. (2013). Exploring the attitude, knowledge and experience of the youth towards HIV counselling and testing. MPhil Thesis: University of Ghana. Retrieved April 19, 2016 from ugspace.ug.edu.gh.8080/xmlui/111/5928 or http://hdl. Handle.net/123456789/5928
Tsegay, G., Edris, M., & Meseret, S. (2011). Assessment of voluntary counseling and testing service utilization and associated factors among Debre Markos University Students , North West Ethiopia : a cross-sectional survey in 2011.
UNAIDS, (2016). AIDS in Africa. Retrieved from www.unaids.org on 2/2/2018
WHO, (2012). Factsheet on HIV/AIDS prevalence. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/HCT/pitc2007/en/index.htm on 12/01/2018.
Yahaya, L., Jimoh, A., & Balogun, O. (2010). Factors Hindering Acceptance of HIV/AIDS Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) among Youth in Kwara State, Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 14(3), 159–164.
Zalalem, A., Yalew, A., Shiferaw, Y., Birhan, W., Mathewose, B., & Tachebele, B. (2013). Knowledge, attitude and practice among university students in North West Ethiopia: a cross sectional study”, BMC Health, 10(26).