Bonnie and Clyde Revisited: A Conceptual Model of the Behavior of the Instigators of the GameStop Short Squeeze of 2021
Keywords:efficient market hypothesis; independence; social media
The efficient market hypothesis assumes that investors act independently, but social-media-enabled behavior among amateur investors demonstrably violates this assumption. This was dramatically illustrated by a recent short squeeze in the shares of GameStop. By analogy with conceptual models in the behavioral sciences, we outline a conceptual model attempting to explain the behavior of the participants, and explore some of the implications of this conceptual model for investors. This case study illustrates a systematic inefficiency in option pricing which only become apparent when extreme market conditions are encountered. Although the cognitive biases of amateur investors are of little importance for understanding stock prices, this is a special case where their cognitive biases do matter.
 https://www.investopedia.com/terms/s/shortsqueeze.asp. Accessed 30 January, 2021.
 reddit.com/r/WallStreetBets. Accessed 30 January, 2021.
 https://www.marketwatch.com/story/nokias-stock-soars-toward-a-record-gain-on-record-volume-for-no-apparent-reason-11611774702?siteid=bigcharts&dist=bigcharts. Accessed 29 January, 2021.
 Prochaska, J., & DiClemente, C. (1983). Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: toward an integrative model of change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51(3), 390–395.
 Samsa, G. (2020). Now that behavioral finance has demonstrated that investor behavior is (somewhat) predictable does that mean that arbitrage must make the biases in question disappear? Archives of Business Research. 7(8), 146-160.
 Samsa, G. (2020). Why does momentum persist? Archives of Business Research. 8(11), 119-125.
 https://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/bios/Hume.html. Accessed 30 January, 2021.
 https://quoteinvestigator.com/2017/11/30/salary. Accessed 07 February 2021.
 Aliber, R.Z., Kindelberger, C.P., Kindleberger, C.P. (2011). Manias, panics, and crashes: A history of financial crises. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
 https://www.sportingnews.com/us/nfl/news/reddit-super-bowl-ad-wallstreetbets/otv1bj28z66i1m5kx8r59dhxk. Accessed 9 February 2021.
 https://www.marketwatch.com/story/tilray-shares-soar-29-as-reddit-message-board-sets-sights-on-cannabis-sector-11612977363?siteid=bigcharts&dist=bigcharts. Accessed 21 February 2021.