Student Mobility in North African Countries and the Need for an Information System for its Management

  • Khaoula Benmoussa National School of Applied Sciences of Tetouan.
  • Majida Laaziri Information System Engineering Resarch Group Abdelmalek Essaâdi University
  • Samira Khoulji National School of Applied Sciences of Tetouan. Abdelmalek Essaâdi University
  • Kerkeb Mohamed Larbi Faculty of Sciences of Tetouan. Abdelmalek Essaâdi University

Abstract

University cooperation is a major concern in North Africa as in the rest of the world. Indeed, the cooperation of the universities of these countries with their counterparts abroad is very active. The number of actions identified for the countries of North Africa is higher than that recorded for the countries of sub-Saharan Africa as a whole. This means that these countries have thirsted for openness to the world and knowledge. Several partnership programs fund cooperation actions with higher education institutions in North Africa and encourage student mobility, which is a source Enrichment for the education system. In North Africa, the mobility of students, researchers and staff constitutes a great wealth for the education system and one of the essential dimensions of the internationalization of higher education.

Student mobility is of great importance at the heart of the missions and strategic plans of universities, as an essential criterion to take into account from the point of view of the evolution of the university system. It is seen as a policy instrument that globally links higher education systems and promotes the flow of talent and the development of a highly skilled workforce. Mobility presents crucial issues not only in the academic Also in the education of citizens open to the world and to society.

As a result, international mobility is a linguistically and culturally essential experience for students, but it is a discontinuity in their academic curriculum. International mobility is favored by states; it is a wealth both for countries of departure and destination

This article analyses the incoming and outgoing mobility of foreign students from and to the countries of North Africa. This mobility is massive; its rate is notoriously one of the highest in the world since the late 1980s. It involves interactions between students and researchers at international level and it is also a vehicle for knowledge exchange and a criterion for developing the potential for research and innovation, and Improvement of the performance of the higher education system in North Africa.

This article also provides the basis for a cooperative information system capable of managing the inbound and outbound student mobility flows of these countries.

References

(1) Laure Endrizzi, “ La mobilité étudiante, entre mythe et réalité”,2010.

(2) Brian D. Denman, « La Gestalt revisitée : retombées et évaluation de la coopération universitaire internationale », Politiques et gestion de l'enseignement supérieur, 1/2004 (no16), p. 73-92.

(3) Eric Gobe, Catherine Marry, Fran¸coiseChamozzi. « Mobilités internationales et attaches familiales des diplômes maghrébins de grandes écoles ». Sociologies, Toulouse : Association internationale des sociologues de langue française, 2013, pp.1-15.

(4) Abdelwahab Hafaiedh, « La mobilité internationale des étudiants tunisiens : Aide publique et mobilité institutionnelle»,2007.

(5) Nathalie Havet, « Mobilité internationale des étudiants du supérieur et débuts de vie active », 2013

Catherine Agulhon, Ridha Ennafaa, « Les étudiants étrangers. Des trajectoires spécifiques ? ». Les vies étudiantes. Tendances et inégalités, La Documentation française, 2016, 978-2-11-010267-6.

(6) Sylvie Mazzella. « Introduction. Une ”libéralisation d’Etat” de l’enseignement supérieur ?: Mutation internationale et évolution maghrébine »,Maisonneuve et Larose. L’enseignement supérieur dans la mondialisation libérale, Karthala, pp.356, 2008, IRMC, 978-2-7068-1990-2.

(7) Terrier Eugénie, « Les migrations internationales pour études : facteurs de mobilité et inégalités Nord-Sud », L'Information géographique, 4/2009 (Vol. 73), p. 69-75.

(8) Souley Mahamadou Laouali et Jean-Baptiste Meyer, « Le Maroc, pays d’accueil d’étudiants étrangers », Hommes et migrations, 1300 | 2012, 114-123.

(9) Livre blanc, « Coopération Universitaire pour Le Développement entre l’Afrique et l’Europe : Relever Les défis régionaux et globaux ».

(10) Unesco Institute of Statistics (UIS) [Online] Available :http://data.uis.unesco.org

(11) International student mobility [Online] Available:http://www.uis.unesco.org

Published
2017-09-01
How to Cite
Benmoussa, K., Laaziri, M., Khoulji, S., & Mohamed Larbi, K. (2017). Student Mobility in North African Countries and the Need for an Information System for its Management. Transactions on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.14738/tmlai.54.3428
Section
Special Issue : 1st International Conference on Affective computing, Machine Learning and Intelligent Systems