Main Article Content
Examining the attitudes and behaviors of coaches towards their profession in the context of being fair has been an important issue for both researchers and practitioners. The being fair of coaches in their profession can be broadly defined as the right action aimed at creating a positive impression. Research in this area can be developed to strengthen the theoretical basis by examining it in an organizational context in a consistent and effective manner. This research is a study of bringing the Fair Coaching Behavior (FCB) phenomenon to the literature within the scope of the theoretical literature review with the sample of coaches. The aim of the study is to determine the attitudes and behaviors of individuals who are coaching in their profession within the scope of fair behavior. Two different scenarios have been created for this. Firstly, an online questionnaire was applied to the participants who were coaching in the specified sectors and whose numbers are known. The second survey study was applied face-to-face this time, taking into account the same target audience, and questions including personal information were asked by one-on-one interviews with the participants. The second survey study was conducted four weeks after the first survey study. Thus, the attitudes and behaviors of the coaches towards their profession were examined in both different situations.
Structural Equation Modeling was used in the analysis of the hypotheses predicted in the study. Composite Model of the Attitude-Behavior Relation (Eagly and Chaiken, 1993) was applied to explain FCB. Thus, it was aimed to obtain valuable information about the dynamics among the potential precursors of the fair behavior of coaches towards their professions with the help of predicted hypotheses.
The three main results obtained in the research are as follows: (1) The Habit of Integrity is not an applicable direct or indirect premise of FCB. (2) In addition to the attitude towards FCB, the attitude towards the coaches' profession should be included in the FCB. (3) Idealistic Ethical Position was not observed in this study as an important predictor of the intention to be fair.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Allport, G. W. (1935). Attitudes. In C. Murchison (Ed.), Handbood of social psychology (pp. 798–844). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50,179–211.
Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting socialbehavior. Englewood-Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Borgida, E., & Campbell, B. (1982). Belief relevance and attitude-behavior consistency: The moderating role of personal experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42(2), 239-247.
Beck, L., & Ajzen, I. (1991). Predicting dishonest actions using the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 25, 285–301.
Bagozzi, R.P., Yi, Y., & Baumgartner, J. (1990). The level of effort required for behavior as a moderator of the attitude-behavior relation. European Journal of Social Psychology, 20, 45-59.
Bentler, P.M. and Chou, C. (1987) Practical issues in structural modeling. Sociological
Methods and Research, 16, 78–117.
Eagly, A. H., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt, Brace, & Janovich, 794 pp.
Ellingson, J. E., Sackett, P. R., & Connelly, B. S. (2007). Personality assessment across selection and development contexts: Insights into response distortion. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(2), 386-295.
Forsyth, D.R. (1980). A taxonomy of ethical ideologies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(1), pp.175-184.
Fazio, R. H. (1986). How do attitudes guide behavior? In R. M. H. Sorrentino and E.T. Higgins (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition: Foundations of social behavior (pp. 204–243). New York: Guilford.
Grieve, R., & McSwiggan. (2014). Predicting intentions to fake in psychological testing: which normative beliefs are important? Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 30, 23-28.
Griffith, R. L., & McDaniel, P. (2006). A closer examination of applicant faking. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Griffith, R. L., Chmielowski, T., & Yoshita, Y. (2007). Do applicants fake? An examination of the frequency of applicant faking behavior. Personnel Review, 36, 341–355. doi:10.1108/00483480710731310.
Grant, A. M., Passmore, J., Cavanagh, M. J., Parker, H. (2010). The State of Play in Coaching Today: A Comprehensive Review of the Field. International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Vol:25, Page: 125-168,
Griffith, R. L., Lee, L. M., Peterson, M. H. & Zickar, M. J. (2011). First dates and little white lies: A trait contract classification theory of applicant faking behavior. Human Performance, 24 (4) 338-357.
Goffin, R. D., & Boyd, A. C. (2009). Faking and personality assessment in personnel selection: Advancing models of faking. Canadian Psychology, 50, 151–160.
Guo, L., Xiao, J. J., Tang, C. (2009) Understanding the psychological process underlying customer satisfaction and retention in a relational service. Journal of Business Research. 62, 1152-1159.
Grieve, R. (2012). The role of personality, psychopathy, and previous experience with assessment in intentions to fake in psychological testing. Current Psychology, 31, 414 - 422
Guo, L., Xiao, J. J., Tang, C. (2009). Understanding the psychological process underlying customer satisfaction and retention in a relational service. Journal of Business Research. 62, 1152-1159.
Glasman, L. R., & Albarracín, D. (2006). Forming attitudes that predict future behavior: A meta-analysis of the attitude-behavior relation. Psychological Bulletin, 132(5), 778–822. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.132.5.778
George, D., & Mallery, P. (2010). SPSS for Windows step by step. A simple study guide and reference (10. Bask).
Hall, R. J., Snell, A. F., & Foust, M. S. (1999). Item parceling strategies in SEM: Investigating the subtle effects of unmodeled secondary constructs. Organizational Research Methods, 2, 233–256.
Işıklar-Pürçek, K. (2014) “İlköğretim Okul Müdürünün Koçluk Davranışı ve Sınıf Öğretmeninin İş Doyumu (Ankara İli Örneği)”. Eğitim Bilim Toplum Dergisi, Cilt: 12, Sayı: 47, Sayfa: 124-157.
Inuwa M., Mashi, M.S., Salisu, I.M. (2017). Job attitude and employee performance: an empirical study of non-academic staff of Bauchi State University Gadau Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Management;1(1):1-13.
İnceoğlu M. (2010). Tutum-Algı İletişim. 5. Baskı. İstanbul: Siyasal Kitabevi; p.205.
Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1982). Recent developments in structural equation modeling. Journal of Marketing Research, 19(4), 404–416. https://doi.org/10.2307/3151714
Kraus, S. J. (1995). Attitudes and the prediction of behavior: A meta-analysis of the empirical literature. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 58–75.
Landsberg, M. (1999) Koçluğun Taosu, (Çev. H. B. Çevik). İstanbul: Sistem Yayıncılık,
Maio GR, Haddock G, Verplanken B. (2018). The psychology of attitudes and attitude change. 3rd ed. London: Sage; 2018.
McConnon, A., Raats, M., Astrup, A., Bajzová, M., Handjieva-Darlenska, T., Lindroos, A. K., Martinez, J. A., Larson, T. M., Papadaki, A., Pfeiffer, A., vanBaak, M. A., & Shepherd, R. (2012). Application of the theory of planned behavior to weight control in an overweight cohort. Results from a panEuropean dietary intervention trial (DioGenes). Appetite, 58, 313-318.
McFarland, L.A. & Ryan, A.M. (2000). Variance in faking across non-cognitive
measures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 812-21.
Mueller-Hanson, R.A., Heggestad, E. D., & Thornton, G. C., III. (2003). Faking and selection: considering the use of personality from select-in and select-out perspectives. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 348-355.
Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Tabachnick, B.G. and Fidell, L.S. (2007), Using Multivariate Statistics (5th ed.). New
York: Allyn and Bacon.