Main Article Content
The purpose of this study is to analyze the existence of collaborative governance in the development of marine ecotourism in a sustainable manner in Bintan Regency, Riau Islands Province using a collaborative governance model approach. This study uses a qualitative approach, where the researcher performs one stage of qualitative data collection at a time, simultaneously (concurrently). This research is useful for increasing basic knowledge about the relationship between marine ecotourism development institutions, and also enriching the knowledge base, especially in the field of public administration. Besides, this research does not provide practical applications that can be applied in the short term but can become a basis for knowledge in solving problems and making policies related to improving institutional relations between institutions in the development of marine ecotourism. Then, it can be implemented by stakeholders and also the Regional Government of Bintan Regency in the development of sustainable marine ecotourism.
The collaborative institutional strengthening model has an important role in building community involvement. This model can strengthen network systems and information flow and reduce disagreements between stakeholders. An important role in the development of local indigenous-based tourism potential, not only in the role of the central or regional government but also the role of all actors in the tourism community who have an important role in developing sustainable tourism.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
 U. R. Sumaila, S. Guénette, J. Alder, and R. Chuenpagdee, “Addressing ecosystem effects of fishing using marine protected areas,” 2000, doi: 10.1006/jmsc.2000.0732.
 D. Alder and J. N. M. Silva, “An empirical cohort model for management of Terra Firme forests in the Brazilian Amazon,” For. Ecol. Manage., 2000, doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00196-6.
 C. Ansell and A. Gash, “Collaborative governance in theory and practice,” J. Public Adm. Res. Theory, 2008, doi: 10.1093/jopart/mum032.
 D. Mariana, “Otonomi Daerah dan Inovasi Kebijakan,” Governance, 2013.
 J. E. Innes and D. E. Booher, “Reframing public participation: Strategies for the 21st century,” Planning Theory and Practice. 2004, doi: 10.1080/1464935042000293170.
 M. Warren, “Indigenous Knowledge, Biodiversity Conservation and Development,” Conf. Conserv. Biodivers. Africa, 1992.
 J. E. Jackson and K. B. Warren, “INDIGENOUS MOVEMENTS IN LATIN AMERICA, 1992–2004: Controversies, Ironies, New Directions,” Annu. Rev. Anthropol., 2005, doi: 10.1146/annurev.anthro.34.081804.120529.
 C. Hunt and A. Stronza, “Missing the forest for the trees?: Incongruous local perspectives on ecotourism in Nicaragua converge on ethical issues,” Human Organization. 2011, doi: 10.17730/humo.70.4.xj187458416w1gr8.
 C. A. Hunt and A. Stronza, “Bringing ecotourism into focus: Applying a hierarchical perspective to ecotourism research,” J. Ecotourism, 2009, doi: 10.1080/14724040802283202.
 C. Jurowski et al., “Tourism training and education, Community empowerment and Participation in tourism planning and development. A case of Uganda,” Tour. Manag., 2011, doi: 10.1080/19368623.2018.1516589.
 C. Hunt and A. Stronza, “Stage-based tourism models and resident attitudes towards tourism in an emerging destination in the developing world,” J. Sustain. Tour., 2014, doi: 10.1080/09669582.2013.815761.
 V. Ostrom and E. Ostrom, “Public Choice: A Different Approach to the Study of Public Administration,” Public Adm. Rev., 1971, doi: 10.2307/974676.
 E. Ostrom, “Background on the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework,” Policy Stud. J., 2011, doi: 10.1111/j.1541-0072.2010.00394.x.
 E. Ostrom, Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. 2015.
 D. C. North, “A Transaction Cost Theory of Politics,” J. Theor. Polit., 1990, doi: 10.1177/0951692890002004001.
 D. R. Ratman, “Pembangunan destinasi pariwisata prioritas 2016 - 2019,” 2016.
 R. Scheyvens, “Ecotourism and the empowerment of local communities,” Tour. Manag., 1999, doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(98)00069-7.
 B. I. Towoliu and M. E. Takaendengan, “Perception of Tourist towards the Potential Development of Tumpa Mountain Area as Integrated Ecotourism, Manado, North Sulawesi Province,” J. Indones. Tour. Dev. Stud., 2015, doi: 10.21776/ub.jitode.2015.003.01.01.
 D. Kutzner, P. A. Wright, and A. Stark, “Identifying tourists’ preferences for Aboriginal tourism product features: Implications for a northern first nation in British Columbia,” J. Ecotourism, 2009, doi: 10.1080/14724040802695991.
 S. M. Chandler and S. M. Chandler, “Collaborative Governance,” in Making Collaboratives Work, 2019.
 J. E. Innes, S. Connick, and D. Booher, “Informality as a planning strategy: Collaborative water management in the CALFED Bay-Delta Program,” J. Am. Plan. Assoc., 2007, doi: 10.1080/01944360708976153.
 Y. D. Jung, D. Mazmanian, and S. Y. Tang, “Collaborative governance in the united states and korea: Cases in negotiated policymaking and service delivery,” Int. Rev. Public Adm., 2009, doi: 10.1080/12294659.2009.10805136.
 M. Francesch‐Huidobro, “Collaborative Governance in the USA and Korea.,” Public Adm. Dev., 2013.
 N. Tresiana and N. Duadji, “Social Entrepreneur Model for Tourism Development in Kiluan Bay,” Mimb. J. Sos. dan Pembang., 2018, doi: 10.29313/mimbar.v34i1.3141.
 J. Newman, M. Barnes, H. Sullivan, and A. Knops, “Public participation and collaborative governance,” J. Soc. Policy, 2004, doi: 10.1017/S0047279403007499.
 A. M. Thomson and J. L. Perry, “Collaboration processes: Inside the black box,” Public Administration Review. 2006, doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2006.00663.x.
 R. L. Daft, Management. 2008.
 R. L. Daft, Organziation Theory and Design. 2010.
 T. J. Scheff, “Shame and the social bond: A sociological theory,” Sociol. Theory, 2000, doi: 10.1111/0735-2751.00089.
 B. Gummer, “Managing Organizational Cultures:,” Adm. Soc. Work, 1990, doi: 10.1300/j147v14n01_09.
 B. Gummer, “Organizational identity in a changing environment: When is a change a transformation?,” Adm. Soc. Work, 1997, doi: 10.1300/J147v21n03_09.
 C. H. Cooley, Human nature and the social order. 2017.
 C. Ansell and A. Gash, “Collaborative platforms as a governance strategy,” J. Public Adm. Res. Theory, 2018, doi: 10.1093/jopart/mux030.
 D. S. Van Meter and C. E. Van Horn, “The Policy Implementation Process: A Conceptual Framework,” Adm. Soc., 1975, doi: 10.1177/009539977500600404.
 T. B. Lawrence, D. Wickins, and N. Phillips, “Managing legitimacy in ecotourism,” Tour. Manag., 1997, doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(97)00020-4.
 V. Castellani and S. Sal, “Carrying Capacity of Tourism System: Assessment of Environmental and Management Constraints Towards Sustainability,” in Visions for Global Tourism Industry - Creating and Sustaining Competitive Strategies, 2012.
 P. Wiltshier, “Visibility from invisibility: The role of mentoring in community-based tourism,” 2007.
 J. S. Harrison, D. A. Bosse, and R. A. Phillips, “Managing for stakeholders, stakeholder utility functions, and competitive advantage,” Strateg. Manag. J., 2010, doi: 10.1002/smj.801.
 R. G. Phillips and S. Roberts, Tourism, planning, and community development. 2013.
 S. Jones, “Community-based ecotourism: The significance of social capital,” Ann. Tour. Res., 2005, doi: 10.1016/j.annals.2004.06.007.
 A. Tashakkori and C. Teddlie, SAGE Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social & Behavioral Research. 2015.
 J. W. Creswell, “Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches The Selection of a Research Design,” Research design. 2009.
 J. W. Creswell, Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. 2012.
 H. Goodwin, “Indigenous tourism and poverty reduction,” in Tourism and Indigenous Peoples, 2007.
 C. Ryan, “Who Manages Indigenous Cultural Tourism Product — Aspiration and Legitimization,” in Indigenous Tourism, 2005.
 D. Sinclair, “Developing indigenous tourism: Challenges for the Guianas,” Int. J. Contemp. Hosp. Manag., 2003, doi: 10.1108/09596110310470158.
 D. Weaver, “Indigenous tourism stages and their implications for sustainability,” J. Sustain. Tour., 2010, doi: 10.1080/09669580903072001.
 H. Zeppel, “Indigenous peoples and rainforest tourism: Canopy walkways as tourist attractions,” in Rainforest Tourism, Conservation and Management: Challenges for Sustainable Development, 2014.
 J. Saarinen, “Indigenous tourism and the challenge of sustainability,” in The Routledge Handbook of Cultural Tourism, 2013.
 J. O’Flynn and J. Wanna, Collaborative Governance : A new era of public policy in Australia? 2008.
 J. O’Flynn, “The Cult of Collaboration in Public Policy,” Aust. J. Public Adm., 2009, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8500.2009.00616.x.
 Chris Ansell and Alison Gash, “Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice,” J. Public Adm. Res. Theory, 2007.
 Kurniasih, D. M. Nihayah, S. A. Sudibyo, and F. N. Winda, “Tourism Village Model Based on Local Indigenous: Case Study of Nongkosawit Tourism Village, Gunungpati, Semarang,” 2018, doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/20183109011.
 K. Yang and K. Callahan, “Citizen involvement efforts and bureaucratic responsiveness: Participatory values, stakeholder pressures, and administrative practicality,” Public Administration Review. 2007, doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2007.00711.x.
 H. Enroth, “Governance: The art of governing after governmentality,” Eur. J. Soc. Theory, 2014, doi: 10.1177/1368431013491818.
 M. Gollagher and J. Hartz-Karp, “The role of deliberative collaborative governance in achieving sustainable cities,” Sustain., 2013, doi: 10.3390/su5062343.
 J. M. Bryson, B. C. Crosby, and M. Middleton Stone, “Design and Implementation of Cross-Sector Collaboration,” Public Adm. Rev., 2006.
 J. M. Bryson, B. C. Crosby, and M. M. Stone, “Designing and Implementing Cross-Sector Collaborations: Needed and Challenging,” Public Adm. Rev., 2015, doi: 10.1111/puar.12432.
 T. L. Cooper, T. A. Bryer, and J. W. Meek, “Citizen-centered collaborative public management,” Public Administration Review. 2006, doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2006.00668.x.
 J. Hartley, E. Sørensen, and J. Torfing, “Collaborative Innovation: A Viable Alternative to Market Competition,” Public Adm. Rev., 2013, doi: 10.1111/puar.12136.
 V. Ostrom and E. Ostrom, “Public goods and public choices,” in Alternatives for Delivering Public Services: Toward Improved Performance, 2019.