The Handling of Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia from the Perspective of Nonmilitary Defense Strategy

Main Article Content

Kartoli Cato


Pandemic coronavirus disease -2019 (COVID-19) resulted in various aspects of the life of Indonesian people, including aspects of defense and security. The defense state classifies threats into military threats, nonmilitary, and combined or hybrid threats. The epidemic of COVID-19 is a non - military threat with a public safety dimension against the national defense. The bureaucracy that has not been properly integrated, sectoral egos, and negative news about the pandemic have become obstacles in the handling of the COV ID-19 pandemic by the Government of Indonesia. This research aims to analyze the simple handling of the pandemic COVID-19 by the Indonesian Government from the perspective of nonmilitary defense principles. This becomes important to unravel and minimize the obstacles faced so that subsequent handling will be more effective and efficient.  This paper uses descriptive analysis with a qualitative approach and a literature study. With the theory principles of defense strategy of nonmilitary, the author is looking at steps undertaken by Indonesia Government in handling the pandemic COVID-19. The principle of unity of command, coordination principle, the principle of anticipation, and the principle of transparency still need to be improved in a concrete way so that the handling of the pandemic COVID-19 is effective and efficient, could be reached. Building synergies and integrity policymakers consistently and continuously, inevitability to improve the defense state ability in the face of threats, military, nonmilitary and hybrid threats

Article Details

How to Cite
Cato, K. (2020). The Handling of Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia from the Perspective of Nonmilitary Defense Strategy . Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(10), 317–329.


Aldi Muhammad Alizar, YU (2020, April 13). Accountability for Handling Covid-19 . International Association for Public Participation.
Atam, A., Widodo, P., & Risman, H. (2020). Coronavirus Disease-19 (Covid-19) Pandemic Response Through The Universal Defense: The Role Of Intelligence. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 8 (1), 606-616. Retrieved from
Language, P. (2018). Big Indonesian Dictionary Online. in http: // kbbi . the web. id /, accessed on 10/11/2018 .
Bayhaqi, A. (2020). Handling Covid-19 is a challenge the Task Force faces . Merdeka.Com.
BPKP. (2020). Financial Accountability for Handling Covid-19 .
Budastra, IK (2020). Socio-Economic Impacts of Covid-19 and Potential Programs for Handling It: A Case Study in West Lombok Regency Socio-Economic Impacts of Covid-19 and Potential Programs for Mitigation: a Case Study in West Lombok District. Social, 20 (1), 48–57.
Cahyaningtyas, GK, & Herawati, NR (2017). Public Perception of Public Information Openness in Semarang City, Case Study: Public Information Center Users (PIP) in 2017. Journal of Politic and Government Studies, 6 (04), 141-150.
David, D. (2020). Policy Review during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Bukamatanews.Id. Policy-pada-masa-pandemi-covid-19
DIANKA, AA (2020). Government Policies to Face COVID-19 Deserve Appreciation. Trenasia.Com. Policy-pemerintah-bentuk-covid-19-layak-diapreciation/
Djalante, R., Lassa, J., Setiamarga, D., Mahfud, C., Sudjatma, A., Indrawan, M.,. . . Djalante, S. (2020). Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia: Period of January to March 2020. Progress in Disaster Science , 100091.
Dorimulu, P. (2020, April 03, 2020). Total War Against Corona, Health. Retrieved from
Farizi, S. Al, & Harmawan, BN (2020). ORIGINAL RESEARCH DATA TRANSPARENCY AND INFORMATION SHARING: CORONAVIRUS PREVENTION PROBLEMS IN INDONESIA Data Transparency and Information Dissemination  : Indonesian Journal of Health Administration, 8 (1), 35–50.
Fiqri, A. Al. (2020, April 6). The PSBB Ministerial Decree reflects the Government's stupidity in handling the Covid-19 pandemic . Alinea.Id.
Gitlow, Howard. (2000). Quality Management System - A Practical Guide. Saint Louis Press. Florida, USA. 2000
Hartati, P., & Susanto. (2020). The Role of Young Farmers in Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 at the Farm Level. Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, 2 (2), 107–112.
Hasan., M., Husodo., AT, Roy., S., & Widoyoko Danang. (2020). Policy Brief Accountability for Handling the COVID-19 Pandemic . SEKNAS FITRA Policy Brief.
Ihsanuddin. (2020, March 2, 2020). This is Jokowi's Complete Announcement regarding 2 Positive Corona Citizens. . Retrieved from
Jelita, I. (2020, April 20). Asynchronous Regulations Make PSBB Majal. Indonesian media.
Ministry of Defense. (2014). Indonesian defense white paper. Jakarta: DKI Jakarta, Indonesia: Center for Public Communication of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia.
Ministry of Health. (2020). Corona status becomes a pandemic, this is the Ministry of Health's efforts. Retrieved from
Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia. (2020). The Government is Alert about the Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Indonesian Economy (Issue April, pp. 1–5). Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia.
Presidential Decree Nomor 7. (2020). Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19).
Presidential Decree Number 9. (2020). Amendments to Presidential Decree Number 7 of 2020 concerning the Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling of Corona Virus Disease 201 9 (Covid-19).
Presidential Decree Number 11. (2020). Determination of Corona Virus Disease 2 0 19 Public Health Emergencies (COVID-19).
Lippi, G., Sanchis-Gomar, F., & Henry, BM (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): the portrait of a perfect storm. Ann Transl Med .
Lidwina, A. (2020). Jokowi's Various Steps to Reduce Covid-19.
Mona, N. (2020). Isolation Concept in Social Networks to Minimize the Effects Contagious (Corona Virus outbreak in Indonesia). Social Journal of Applied Humanities, 2 (2).
Natalia, DL (2020). The Minister of Social Affairs revealed the factor of the slow distribution of social assistance . disclosed-faktor-lambatnya-distribution-bansos
Nur Azizah. (2020). Jokowi asks the Covid-19 budget monitoring agency. Medcom.Id.
Pamungkas, AH (2020). THE ROLE OF YOUTH TO IMPROVE COMMUNITY LITERACY ABOUT COVID-19 . SPEKTRUM, Journal of Outside School Education, 1, 6–9.
Perppu RI Number 1. (2020). State Financial Policy and Financial System Stability for Handling the Covid-19 Pandemic and/or in the Context of Facing Threats That Endanger the National Economy and/or Financial System Stability.
Prabowo, D. (2020). Government Strategies to Overcome the Impact of the Economic Downturn due to the Pandemic. Kompas.Com.
Risman, H., Sumertha, IG, & Widodo, P. (2018). Strategic policies for empowering the Indonesian diaspora for national defense. Universal War Strategy, 4 (2).
Sahya Anggara, Slamatul Afiyah, Ai Siti Farida, JM (2020). Keywords: Public Policy Innovation, Handling Corona Virus Disease 19 (Covid-19) West Java 1. Key, Public Words, Corona Policy Innovation, Disease Control, West Virus, Java, 19, 14.
Sapto Andika Candra, at. al. (2020). Six Social Safety Nets to Overcome Covid-19. Republika.Co.Id.
Sari, MI (2020). South Korea's Policy on Flattening the COVID-19 Curve without Lockdown: A Lesson . The Habibie Center Insights, 15, 7.
Suhud, R. (2020, April 7). The Government's Steps to Handle the Impact of Covid-19 Are Right. Indonesian media.
Susilo, A., Rumende, CM, Pitoyo, CW, Santoso, WD, Yulianti, M., Herikurniawan, H.,. Nelwan, EJ (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Review of Recent Literature. Indonesian Journal of Internal Medicine, 7 (1), 45-67.
Telaumbanua, D. (2020). The Urgency of Establishing Regulations Related to Covid-19 Prevention in Indonesia. QALAMUNA: Journal of Education, Social and Religion, 12 (01), 59-70.
Tippe, S. (2020, March 28). Government Efforts to Overcome Covid-19 Need to be Appreciated. Mediaindonesia.Com.
Tracy, B. (2017). Victory !: Applying the Proven Principles of Military Strategy to Achieve Greater Success in Your Business and Personal Life : Penguin.
WHO. (2020a). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report –51 . Retrieved from
WHO. (2020b). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Situation Report – 162 . Retrieved from
WHO. (2020c). WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19
[Press release]. Retrieved from 2020
Widodo, P., Siswoyo, M., & Timur, FGC (2018). Marine Border Guard Strategy: Indonesia and the Philippines in Preventing the Threat of Insurrection in North Sulawesi. Asymmetric Warfare, 4 (2).
Yuliani, PA (2020, April 20). Overlapping and Contradictory Regulations Make Law Enforcement Difficult .
Yunus, NR, & Rezki, A. (2020). Lock Down Enforcement Policy in Anticipation of Corona Virus Covid-19 Spread. SALAM: Journal of Syar-i Social and Culture, 7 (3).
Zahrotunnimah, Z. (2020). Regional Government Tactical Steps in Preventing the Spread of the Corona Covid-19 Virus in Indonesia. SALAM: Journal of Syar-i Social and Culture, 7 (3).