A Cognitive Linguistic Study of Verb-copying Sentences in Mandarin Chinese

Main Article Content

Yuting Xu

Abstract

This study concerns the verb-copying structure “S+V+Object+V+Resultative” in Chinese from the perspective of cognitive grammar. It views the construction as composited from component structure “S+V+Object” and “V+Resultative” and reveals the compositional path and mental representation of this construction. The results indicate that component SVO elaborates the schematic trajector of V in Component VR. This conceptual correspondence lays the foundation for the integration of component SVO and VR, which constitutes the internal motivation of SVOVR construction. Component SVO serves as the cognitive reference point for the conceptualization. The elements in the dominion of action that SVO designates are extracted as conceptualization target. SVOVR construction is organized in the pattern of Baseline and Elaboration. In local terms, each stratum provides the potential for the next and the conceptualization result - the linear structure - is completed in a cumulative fashion. In global terms, component SVO and VR serve as dual baseline whose mutual elaboration yields a composite structure of greater complexity. SVOVR construction imposes some restrictions on the repeated verb. The verb needs to designate the actions that can be repeated and continued. Structure One cannot have any tense or the aspect markers. SVOVR construction does not stand in isolation from other units in linguistic system; it is categorized by the conventionalized SVO structure and predicate-complement VR structure in Chinese language system, which is the external motivation for this construction.

Article Details

How to Cite
Xu, Y. (2020). A Cognitive Linguistic Study of Verb-copying Sentences in Mandarin Chinese. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(4), 164-176. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.74.8087
Section
Articles

References

[1] Dai, H. Y. (1990). Yi renzhi wei jichu de hanyu gongneng yufa chuyi (Cognitive-based Chinese functional grammar). Guowai Yuyanxue (Foreign Linguistics), (4).
[2] Dai, H. Y. (1991). Yi renzhi wei jichu de hanyu gongneng yufa chuyi (Cognitive-based Chinese functional grammar). Guowai Yuyanxue (Foreign Linguistics), (1).
[3] Dai, Y. J. (1998). Shishuo hanyu chongdong ju de yufa jiazhi (Grammatical value of Chinese verb-copying sentences). Hanyu Xuexi (Chinese Language Learning), (2).
[4] Ding, C. C. (2015). Xiandai Hanyu Chongdong Ju de Renzhi Yanjiu (A Cognitive Study of Verb-copying Sentences in Modern Chinese). Ph.D Dissertation, East China Normal University.
[5] Li, L. D. (1980). Dongbu ge jushi (Verb-complement sentences). Zhongguo Yuwen (Studies of the Chinese Language), (2).
[6] Li & Thompson (1981). Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar. University of California Press.
[7] Li, X. J. (2004). Chongdong ju de jizhong yuyong gongneng weitan (Exploring several pragmatic functions of verb-copying sentence. Sichuan Jiaoyu Xueyuan Xuebao (Journal of Sichuan Education University), (7).
[8] Liu, W. Q. (1986). Lun chongdong ju de tedian (Properties of verb-copying sentence), Nankai Daxue Xuebao (Journal of Nankai University),(3).
[9] Lu. J. M. (2013). Xiandai Hanyu Yufa Yanjiu Jiaocheng (Courses for Modern Chinese Grammar). Beijing: Beijing University Press.
[10] Nie, R. F. (2001). Chongdongju de yupian fenxi (Textual analysis for verb-copying sentence). Hunan Shifan Daxue Shehui Kexue Xuebao (Social Science Journal of Hunan Normal University), (1).
[11] Qin, L. J. (1985). Guanyu “dong+bin+dongchong+bu” de jiegou xingshi (Structural of “verb + object + copied verb + complement”), Yuyan Yanjiu (Linguistic Research), (2).
[12] Shen, J. X. (2005). Renzhi yu Hanyu Yufa Yanjiu (Cognition and Study of Chinese Grammar). Beijing: the Commercial Press.
[13] Tang, C. J. (2001). Xiandai hanyu chongdongju de fenlei (Classification of verb-copying sentence in modern Chinese). Shijie Hanyu Jiaoxue (Chinese Teaching in the World), (1).
[14] Wang, C. L. (1999). Chongdongju bu yi (Additional remarks on verb-copying sentences). Zhongguo Yuwen (Journal of Chinese Language), (2).
[15] Wang, L. (1954). Zhongguo Yufa Lilun (Chinese Grammar Theory). Zhonghua Book Company.
[16] Xiang, K. X. (1997). Hanyu chongdong jushi de goneng yanjiu (Functional study of Chinese verb-copying sentence). Zhongguo Yuwen (Journal of Chinese Language), (4).
[17] Xiong, Z. R. (2017). Hanyu chongdongju de jufa fenxi (Syntactic analysis of Chinese verb-copying sentence). Huawen Jiaoxue yu Yanjiu (TCSOL Studies), (2).
[18] Zhang, Y. (2018). “Ta de laoshi dang de hao” jushi: renzhi yufa shijiao. (Ta de laoshi dang de hao- perspective from cognitive grammar). Waiguo Yu (Journal of Foreign Language), (2).
[19] Zhao, Y. R. (1968). Grammar for Spoken Chinese. Beijing: the Commercial Press.
[20] Bybee, J. (2010). Language, Usage and Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[21] Langacker, R. W. (1987). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar: Theoretical Prerequisites[M]. Stanford:Stanford University Press.
[22] Langacker, R. W. (2008). Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.
[23] Langacker, R. W. (2016). Baseline and elaboration. Cognitive Linguistics, (27): 405-439.