PREVENTION OF DRUG AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS: A CASE OF GARISSA COUNTY, KENYA
Keywords:Drug, Drug and substance abuse, Guidance and counseling, School awareness campaigns.
This paper investigated the prevention of drug and substance abuse in secondary schools in Garissa County of North Eastern Province, Kenya. The research problem emanated from the concern that drug abuse has remained a serious habit in Kenyan schools despite efforts by various stakeholders such as the government, parents, teachers, and religious leaders to reduce it. While this habit continues to cause mayhem among students in secondary schools, studies on its preventive measures particularly in Garissa County remain sunk. Therefore, the study upon which this paper is developed was focused on finding out the existence of drug advisors against drug and substance abuse, examining actions taken by the school administration towards students who abuse drugs, and establishing ways of minimizing drug and substance abuse among students in Garissa County. All the available schools were included in the study sample which comprised of all the 13 head teachers, all the 104 teachers, and 780 students. The information was elicited by use of questionnaires, interviews and focused group discussions. Quantitative data was analyzed through descriptive statistics while qualitative data was presented according to themes. The findings showed that the advisors against drug and substance abuse included religious leaders, parents, teachers as well as guidance and counseling masters. Students were advised during sessions like prayer, opening and closing, assembly, guidance and counseling sessions as well as during the course of administering punishments to students. The existing measures taken in case a student was found abusing drugs and substances of abuse included seeking explanation from parents, administering corporal punishment, suspension from school, as well as taking student to the guidance and counselling master or teacher. Therefore, urgent measures should be put in place in order to save the students from the dangers of drug abuse. Therefore the study came up with measures to curb the vice that included creating awareness in the schools through campaigns against the vice of drug and substance abuse as well as strengthening the department of guidance and counselling in schools and the school administration being more strict in enforcing school rules and regulations. Otherwise students are likely to lose track of their educational careers if such measures are not put in place.
Arudo, T.O.O. (2008). Peer Counseling Experience among Selected Kenyan Secondary Schools. (Unpublished Thesis), Kenyatta University.
Blue Cross Namibia (2008). Prevention in Windhoek’s Schools. Windhoek. International Blue Cross.
CASA (2017). The Effects of Drug Abuse on Teens. Del Mar, California. Casa Palmira Treatment Center, USA.
CASA (2017). Malignant Neglect: Substance Abuse and America’s schools. Columbia University, USA.
City Education Department (1979). A Handbook for Primary School Head teachers in Kenya. Nairobi: Longman Ltd.
DARE UK (2017). DARE In The United Kingdom. London: Wikimedia Foundation.
DARE US (2017). Drug Abuse Resistance Education. California: Wikimedia Foundation.
FCD (2009). About Freedom from Chemical dependants. Massachusetts: FCD Educational services.
Kenya Safaris Guide (2011). Kenya Rehabilitation Centers, Therapy, Recovery, Treatment. Nairobi. Kenya Safaris Guide.
Kiiru, D. (2004). Youth in Peril: Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Kenya. Nairobi: NACADA.
Kinyanjui, K. (1975). Secondary school strikes: The Art of Blaming the victim. IDS. University of Nairobi.
Kombo, D. K. (2004).The Impact of Drug Abuse Sensitization Campaigns in Kenya. Cited from Status of Environmental Health Education in the East Africa Region: Opportunities, Challenges and the Way forward. Department of Environmental Health. Kenyatta University.
Kombo, D.K. (2005). Sociology of Education. Nairobi: Adprint Publishers.
Maithya, R.W. (2009). Drug Abuse in Secondary Schools in Kenya: developing a Programme for Prevention and Intervention. (Unpublished Thesis), University of South Africa.
Milliken, A. (2017). Alcohol and drug education in schools. Published by Mentor- Adepis . London, UK.
Mugagga, R. (2010). Cocaine, Heroin, no Rampant Schools. Kampala. (Uganda youth Development Link (UYDL).
NDAP (2004a) Specialist Manual. Los Angeles: CA Narconon International.
NDAP (2004b) Drug Abuse Prevention Program Description. California. Narconon Drug abuse Prevention Program.
NDLEA (2009). NDLEA strategies. Lagos. Drug Demand Reduction Unit.
Ngesu, J. M., Ndiku, J., Magese, J. (2008). Drug Dependence and Abuse in Kenyan Secondary Schools: Strategies for Intervention. Educational Research and Review 3(10). University of Nairobi, Kenya, Masinde Muliro University.
NIDA (2015).Statistics Regarding Substance Abuse and Chemical Dependence. Washington D.C.: National Institute of Health.
Nyambe, B., (1979). United Nations Educational Scientific and cultural organization in Education concerning problems associated with the use of drugs in Zambia, Kenya, and Switzerland from point of view of W.H.O. UNESCO and Inter pool. Lusaka: UNESCO.
Parry, C.D.H. (1998). Substance Abuse in South Africa: Country Report focusing on Young Persons. Mental Health & Substance Abuse, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa. .
Shurgin, A.H. (2011). Culture of Somalia- history, people, women, beliefs, food, and customs. United Nations Development Programme Somalia.
How to Cite
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.