A Comparison of the Policies in Taiwan and South Korea for Developing a “World-Class University” and their Outcomes

Main Article Content

Ru-Jer Wang
Yueh-Chun Huang

Abstract

In recent decades numerous nations around the world have been making major efforts in developing so-called “world-class universities,”  and Taiwan and South Korea are no exceptions. During the past ten years Taiwan adopted its “Five Year-50 Billion Excellence Initiative,” and South Korea has implemented BK21 PLUS. In this paper we examine and compare the relevant policies affecting the development of world-class universities in Taiwan and South Korea. The purposes of this study are: 1) to review the backgrounds behind the policies in Taiwan and South Korea relating to the development of world-class universities; 2) to present an overview of the relevant policies in Taiwan and South Korea; 3) to examine and compare the outcomes of these polices; and 4) to provide suggestions based on the findings of this study. The methods employed in this study include documentary and secondary data analysis and comparative study. The main findings were as follows: 1) additional expenditures have produced additional outcomes; 2) when examining the outcome of a particular policy, it is necessary to pay attention to unexpected effects; 3) when examining policy effects, it is necessary to take into account a diverse range of evidence; and 4) there is no magic prescription for developing a world-class university.

 

Article Details

How to Cite
Wang, R.-J., & Huang, Y.-C. (2018). A Comparison of the Policies in Taiwan and South Korea for Developing a “World-Class University” and their Outcomes. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 5(11). https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.511.5696
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Ru-Jer Wang, National Taichung University of Education

Professor, Department of Education

Yueh-Chun Huang, National Chiayi University

Professor, Graduate Institute of Educational. Administration and Policy Development

References

Academic Ranking of World Universities (2015). Introduction, 6th International Conference on World-Class Universities, 1-4 November 2015, Shanghai, China. Retrieved from http://www.shanghairanking.com/wcu/
Ahmed, H. (2018). Strategic Approach for Developing World-Class Universities in Egypt. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(5). Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1083601.pdf
Altbach, P. G., & Balan, J. (2007). Transforming Research Universities in Asia and Latin America. In P. G. Altbach & Jorge Balán (Eds.), World Class Worldwide. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press.
Altbach, P. G. (2004). The Costs and Benefits of World-Class Universities. Academe, 90(1), 20–23.
Altbach, P. G., & Salmi, J. (2011). The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making of World Class Research Universities. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Asia University Rankings 2015 (2015). Retrieved from https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2015/regional-ranking#!/page/0/length/25
Brain Korea 21 Plus (2015). Retrieved from https://bkplus.nrf.re.kr/index.jsp
Chattock, M. (2017). The “World Class” University and International Ranking Systems: What are the Policy Implications for Governments and Institutions? Policy Reviews in Higher Education, 1(1), 4–21.
Cheng Ying, & Liu Niancai (2014) (Eds.). How World-Class Universities Affect Global Higher Education: Influences and Responses. Rotterdam/Boston/Taipei: Sense Publishers.
Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education (2015). The Competitiveness of Higher Education. Retrieved from http://140.113.40.88/edutop/index_1.php (In Chinese)
Kirby, W. C., & Joycelyn, W. E. (2016). “World-Class” Universities: Rankings and Reputation in Global Higher Education. Harvard Business School Background Note 316-065, October 2015 (Revised November 2016).
Li Jun (2012). World-class Higher Education and the Emerging Chinese Model of the University. Prospects, 42(3), 319–339.
Ministry of Education, Republic of Korea (2015). Summary of BK21 and NURI Projects. Retrieved from http://english.moe.go.kr/web/1710/en/board/enview.do?bbsId=258&boardSeq=1174&mode=view
QS Top Universities (2018). Retrieved from https://www.topuniversities.com/
Redden, E. (2013). Scrutiny of QS Rankings. Retrieved from https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2013/05/29/methodology-qs-rankings-comes-under-scrutiny
Salmi, J. (2009). The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Smith, E. (2006). Using Secondary Data in Educational and Social Research. Berkshire, England: Open University Press.
Soh, K. C. (2013). Rankings Mislead with Unstandardised Scores. Retrieved from http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20130627211805732
Taiwan Ministry of Education (2015). Towards the Top University Plan (2015). Retrieved from http://www.edu.tw/pages/detail.aspx?wid=c0746986-1231-4472-abce-5c5396450ba9&Node=2302&Page=16787 (In Chinese)
THE World University Rankings (2018).The formula for a world-class university revealed. Retrieved from https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/news/the-formula-for-a-world-class-university-revealed
Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings (2018). Asia University Rankings 2018. Retrieved from https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2018/regional-ranking#!/page/0/length/25/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc/cols/stats
U.S. News (2018). Best Global Universities. Retrieved from https://www.usnews.com/education/best-global-universities
Vest, C. M. (2018).World Class Universities: American Lessons. International Higher Education, international issue, 6–7.
Wang Qi, Cheng Ying, & Liu Niancai (EDs.) (2012). Building World-Class Universities: Different Approaches to a Shared Goal. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
Wang Qinghui, Wang Qi, & Liu Niancai (2011). Chapter 2: Building World-Class Universities in China. In P. G. Altbach and J. Salmi (Eds.), The Road to Academic Excellence. The Making of World-Class Research Universities (pp. 33-62). Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Wikipedia (2015). Towards the Top University Plan. Retrieved from https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%82%81%E5%90%91%E9%A0%82%E5%B0%96%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%B8%E8%A8%88%E7%95%AB (In Chinese).
Zaini, R., Lyan, D., & Rebentisch, E. (2015). Start-up Research Universities, High Aspirations in a Complex Reality: A Russian Start-up University Case Analysis Using Stakeholder Value Analysis and System Dynamics Modeling. Triple Helix, 2(4). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40604-014-0016-8.