Pela Dan Gandong Culture As Basic of A Network Formation For Poverty Alleviation In The Village

Main Article Content

Elsina Titaley

Abstract

Poverty is remaining a major topic in the world community in the recent years. Therefore, it is needed a good concept in reducing poverty. The new concept offered in the context of indigenous peoples is pela and gandong culture which is a strong attribute in Moluccas poverty alleviation. Pela and gandong have existed since ancestral times and have remained guarded to this day. This concept is built on the basis that pela and gandong is a local community culture that helps each other to help one community with another. Life by helping each other is obligatory, not based on coercion but naturally. If this concept is effectively implemented it will contribute to poverty alleviation. The purpose of this study is to analyze the pela and gandong culture as a basis of network to eradicate rural poverty in Lomoli Village. This research is something new that is rarely studied in the context of indigenous peoples. The research sites selected is Lumoli village, which is still thick with pela and gandong concept. The implications of this research are to provide new resolutions to communities and governments in the pela and gandong context as a good foundation for building strong indigenous people in alleviating rural poverty

Article Details

How to Cite
Titaley, E. (2018). Pela Dan Gandong Culture As Basic of A Network Formation For Poverty Alleviation In The Village. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.53.4247
Section
Articles

References

Adam, J. (2008). Forced Migration, Adat, and A Purified Present In Ambon, Indonesia. Ethnology, 47(4), 227-238.

Al Qurtuby, S. (2007). Religious and conciliation in Indonesia: Christians and Muslims in the Moluccas. Contemporary Souteast Asia. 39(1), 217-219.

Al Qurtuby, S. (2013). Peacebuilding in Indonesia: Christian-Muslim Alliances in Ambon Island. Journal Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 24(3), 349-367.

Aspinall, E., & Mietzner, M. (2007). From Silkworms to Bungled Bailout: International Influences on the 1998 Regime Change in Indonesia. Paper prepared for CDDRL Workshop on External Influences on Democratic Transitions. Stanford University, October 25-26, 2007. 1-44.

Booth, A. (1988). Agricultural Development in Indonesia; Allen and Unwin: Sydney, Australia.

Chen, Z., Liu, C., & Yang, D. (2011). Information Poverty and Farmers' Information Right in China's Mountainous Rural Areas. Procedia Engineering, 15, 1277-1281.

Colombijn, F. (2018). The Production of Urban Space by Violence and its Aftermath in Jakarta and Kota Ambon, Indonesia. Ethnos Journal of Anthropology, 83(1), 1-22.

Dupont, A. (2000). ASEAN's Response to the East Timor Crisis. Journal Australian Journal of International Affairs, 54(2), 163-170.

Duncan, C. R. (2016). Coexistence not Reconciliation: From Communal Violence to Non-Violence in North Moluccas, Eastern Indonesia. Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology. 460-474.

Frost, N. (2004). Adat di Maluku: Nilai Baru atau Eksklusivisme Lama? [Custom in Moluccas: New Value or Old Exclusivism?]. Antropologi Indonesia, 74, 1-11.

Goss, J. 2000. Understanding the “Moluccas Wars”: Overview of Sources of Communal Conflict and Prospects for Peace. Cakalele, 11, 7-39.

Hagerdal, H. (2015). Eastern Indonesia and the Writing of History. Archipel Études interdisciplinaires sur le monde insulindien, 90. 75-97.
Hoedodo, T.S.B., Surjo, J., Qodir, Z., (2013). Local Political Conflict and Pela Gandong Admist the Religious Conflict. Journal of Government and Politics, 4(2), 336-349.

Kaartinen. (2014). Perceptions of Justice in the Making: Rescaling of Customary Law in PostSuharto Moluccas, Indonesia. Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, 15(4), 319-338.

Leach & Wood. (2014). The Australia-ASEAN Dialogue: Tracing 40 Years of Partnership: US.Palgrave Macmillan.

Lokollo, J. E., Pattiruhu, C. M., Lestaluhu, M., Timisela, Iz., Limahelu, D., Limahelu, L., Leatemia, J., Leasa G., 1997. Seri Budaya Pela Gandong dari Pulau Ambon. Ambon : Lembaga Kebudayaan daerah Moluccas [Culture Series Pela Gandong from Ambon Island. Ambon: Cultural Institute of Moluccas].

Matesan, I. O. 2018. Organizational Dynamics, Public Condemnation and The Impetus to Disengage from Violence. Terrorism and Political Violence, 1-21.

Manuhutu, R., Purwiyastuti, W., & Widiarto, T., 2015. Budaya Pela Gandong Di Negeri Haria Sebagai Alat Pemersatu Dan Perdamaian Orang Maluku Tengah [The Culture of Pela Gandong in the Land of Haria as a Unifying and Peaceful Tool of the Central Moluccas]. Widyasari, 17(2), 100-105.

Moxham, B.,&Carapic, J. 2013. Unravelling Dili: The Crisis of City and State in Timor-Leste. Urban Studies, 50(15), 3116-3133.

Mualim, Awang, J., and Abu Bakar, I., 2014. Pela Gandong Sebagai Pemangkin Toleransi Antara Muslim dan Kristian di Ambon [Pela Gandong as a Tolerant Among Muslims and Christians in Ambon]. Jurnal Hadjari, 6(1), 43-55.

Pattiselanno, J. Th. F 1999. Tradisi Uli, Pela dan Gandong pada Masyarakat Seram, Ambon dan Uliase [The tradition of Uli, Pela and Gandong on the Seram, Ambon and Uliase Community]. Antropologi Indonesia, 58, 59-70.

Pessireron, M. F., Loloa, A., & Eisenring, T. S. S. 2017. The Application of the Functions and the Roles of Tiga Batu Tungku to Solve Social Conflicts of Seram Society in Kamarian Village, Moluccas Province, Indonesia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 8(7), 117-122.

Ralahallo, R. N. 2009. Kultur Damai Berbasis Tradisi Pela Dalam Perspektif Psikologis Sosial [Culture of Peace Based on Pela Tradition In Social Psychological Perspective]. Jurnal Psikologi, 36(2), 177-188.

Roling, N., & van de Fliert, E. 1994. Transforming extension for sustainable agriculture: The case of integrated pest management in Indonesia. Agriculture and Human Values, 11, 96-108.

Sahusilawane, F. 2004. Sejarah Lahirnya Pela dan Gandong Antar Negeri-negeri Di Pulau Ambon. Laporan Penelitian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional Ambon. Ambon [History of the Birth of Pela and Gandong Among The Countries On Ambon Island. Historical Research Report and Ambon Traditional Value. Ambon]: Balai Kajian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional Ambon.

Sarkar, D.,&Sengupta, J. 2016. Structural versus nonstructural form of social capital: impact of ethnicity along caste and religious dimensions in Indian context. Asian Ethnicity, 15(1), 78-110.

Schulze, K. E. 2017. The “ethnic” in Indonesia’s communal conflicts: violence in Ambon, Poso, and Sambas. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 40(12), 1-19.

Soegijono, S.P. 2015. Papalele: Dangerous Encounter and Transaction in Conflict. Komunitas, 7(2), 297-306.

Sholeh, B. 2013. The Dynamics of Muslim and Christian Relatioins in Ambon, Easter Indonesia. International Journal of Bussines and School Sciences, 4(3), 303-311.

Stott, D. A. Integration and Conflict in Indonesia’s Spice Islands. The Asia-Pacific Journal. 15 (11), 3-15.

Tan, L. 2012. Indonesian National Security During The Suharto New Order (1965-1998): The Role of Narratives of Peoplehood and The Construction of Danger. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 14(1), 49-70.

Tatyzo, C. 2011. Nia Dinata and Indonesia’s post-New Order Film Culture. Asia Online Flinders Asia Centre Occasional Paper 3, May 2011. 1-42.
Titahelu, J. A. S.., Irwansyah., Awaludi, H., & Ashari, M. 2015.

Strengthening Pela-Gandong Alliance Based on John Rawls’ Theory of Justice. Hasanudin Law Review, 1(3), 417-429.

Waileruny, S. 2011. Membongkar Konspirasi di Balik Konflik Maluku [Dismantling the Conspiracy behind the Moluccan Conflict], Yayasan Obor: Indonesia.

Wilson, C. 2015. Illiberal democracy and violent conflict in contemporary Indonesia. Journal Democratization ,22(7), 1-21.