Main Article Content
The process of community empowerment can not be seen only as a means to achieve the goal, but becomes an important goal. Community empowerment is a process in itself. The empowerment process should involve the community. Stages of empowering are training, visits and assistance are quite participative, not accompanied by enabling stages (identification of potential and problems and socialization) are participatory. Full participation at the enabling stage is constrained by cost efficiency and predetermined time limits. The scope of empowerment is still based on the strengthening of economic capital by granting loans for the purchase of livestock germs and human capital with counseling and training. While the strengthening of physical capital, nature and social has not received serious attention. Institutions that are formed have not been able to unite the breeders in order to improve the livestock business more productive and efficient together. Internal CSR with facilitators from the internal company is more efficient and the company's interests can be accommodated, but lack of technical mastering of farms.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Aagard, A dan Lemmegard, J., 2012. The Balance Between Internally and Externally Oriented CSR. A Case Studi of Danish SME’s Research Based. Working Paper. University of Southern Denmark
Ashari, Ilham,N. dan Nuryanti, S., 2012. Dinamika Program Swasembada Daging Sapi: Reorientasi, Konsepsi dan Implementasi. Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian 10(2):181-198
Battacharya, C.B; Sen, S dan Korschun, D, 2007. Corporate Social Responsibility as An Internal Marketing Strategi. Sloan Management Review
Carroll, A.B. (1991) ‘The pyramid of corporate social responsibility: toward the moral management of organizational stakeholders’, Business Horizons, Vol. 34, Iss. No. 4, pp.39–48.
Chaskin, R.J., Brown, P., Venkatesh, S., & Vidal, A., 2001. Building Community Capacity. Aldine De Gruiter, New York
Dirjen Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan, 2015. Pedoman Sentra Peternakan Rakyat (SPR). Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia. Jakarta
Eklington, J., 1997. Cannibals with Forks: The Triple Bottom Line of 21 th Century Bisiness.Capstore: Oxford
Hikmat, R.H., 2006. Strategi Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Cetakan ke 4. Penerbit Humaniora. Bandung
Husted, B.W. and Salazar, J.J., 2006. Taking Friedman Seriously: Maximizing Profits and Social Performance. Journal Of Management Studies, 43(1)75-91
Ife, J dan Tesoriero, F., 2008. Community Development: Community-Based Alternatives in on Age of Globalisation. Terjemahan. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogyakarta
Iqbal, N; Ahmad, N; Sheeraz, M dan Bashir, NA., 2012. The Impact of Percieved Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on Job Attitude and Performance of Internal Stakeholders. International Journal of Human Resource Studies (2012) Vol. 2 No. 4
Jalal, 2013. CSR dalam Konteks ISO 26000. Prinsip Subyek inti dan Integrasi ke dalam Praktek Organisasi. Makalah Lingkar Studi CSR. Jakarta
Kakabadse, N.K; Rozuel, C.; Lee-Davies, L., 2005. Corporate Social Resposibility and Stakeholders Approach: A Copceptual Review. Int. J. Business Governance and Ethics, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2005Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
Kenny, S., 2006. Developing Communities for Future. Third edition. Cengage learning. North Shore. Newe Zealand
Korschun, D; Battacharya, C.B dan Sen, S., 2009. Using Employee and Customer Relationship Advances In Consumer Research. Vol. VIII (2009).
Kotler, P. And Lee, N., 2005. Corporate Social Responsibility: Doing The Most Good for Your Company and Your Cause. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
Kuhn, T. and Deetz, S. (2008). Critical Theory and Corporate Social Responsibility – can/should we get beyond cynical reasoning? In Crane et al. (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility. Chapter 8, pp. 173-196. Oxford University Press, UK.
Laporan Tahunan, 2010, Laporan Tahunan PT. Perkebunan Nusantara XII Tahun 2013. Surabaya
Lippitt, G.L.1961. “Improving Decision making with Groups.” Dalam Group Development Selected Reading Series One National Training Laboratories. Washington, D.C.: Nat. Educ. Assoc.
Miles, M.B. and Huberman, M., 1984.Qualitative Data Analysis. Sage Publications
Mardikanto, T. 2010a. Konsep-Konsep Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Surakarta. UNS Press.
Mardikanto, 2013.Pemberdayaan Masyarakat oleh Perusahaan. Corporate Social Responsibility. UNS Press. Surakarta
Opreana, A., 20013. Segmentation of Employee Perceptions in Relation to CSR Practices. Expert Journal of Business and Management. Vol 1 (20013:15-28)
Parson, et all, 1994. The Integration of Social Work Practice, World Worth, Inc.California.
Payne.M., 1997. Moderns Social Work Theory. Second Edition. London. McMillan Press Ltd.
Porter, M.E. and Kramer, M., 2002. The competitive advantage of corporate philanthropy. Havard Business Review: 5 - 16
Prasetidjo, A. Dan Amini, R., 2010. Sustainable Livelihood Approach in Corporate Social Responsibility. Paper for IPA Conference. http://etnobudaya.net/2012
Rachman, N.M; Efendi, A dan Wicaksana, E., 2011. Panduan Lengkap Perencanaan CSR. Penerbit Penebar Swadaya. Depok.
Rifkin, S.B.2003. A framework linking community empowerment and health equity: It is matter of choice. Journal of Health Population Nutrition. 21: 168-180.
Rudito, B. Dan Famiola, M., 2013. CSR. Corporate Social Responsibility. Rekayasa Sains. Bandung
Saragih, S; Lassa, J dan Ramli, A,. 2007. Kerangka Penghidupan Berkelanjutan. Sustainability Livelihood Framework. Hivos-Circle Indonesia
Shabnam, S dan Sarker, A.R., 2012. Impact of CSR and Internal Marketing on Employee Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment: A Case Study from Expert Oriented SMEs in Bangladesh World Journal of Social Science Vol. 2 No. 7 Nov. 2012:24-36
Sumadyo, Hadi. 2001. Psikologi Sosial.Bandung: Pustaka Setia.
Talib, C.; Inounu,I dan Bamualim,A;, 2007. Restrukturisasi Peternakan di Indonesia. Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian Volume 5 No. 1. Maret 2007:1-14
Vogel, D.J. (2005). The market for virtue: The potential and limits of corporate social responsibility. Brookings Institution Press.
World Bank, 2001. Attacking poverty with a three-pronged strategy. World Bank Policy and Research Bulletin Vol. 11 No.4/Vol. 2. No. 1. 2000/2001
Young, S.B and Straub, F., 2006. The Caux Round Table: Taking CSR fromAspiration to Action. dalam Judith Hennigfeld, Manfred Pohl and Nick Tolhurst. The ICCA Hand Book On Corporate Social Responsibility. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 8SQ, England