Impact of socioeconomic characteristics of local community on forests outside protected areas of Sudan

  • Abdel Raouf Suleiman Bello King Saud University
Keywords: Local residence, forests, Nuba Mountains, Sudan

Abstract

 

This study investigates the relationship between some respondent's socioeconomic characteristics and forests’ uses in the Nuba Mountains region of Sudan. A total of 100 respondents were randomly selected from 4 localities. Data were obtained through interview schedule and observation. Frequency distribution, means and standard deviation, independent T-test, correlation and analysis of variance (ANOVA) methods were used for data analysis. On a 5 point scale, the study results revealed that 64% of respondents were highly dependent on forest to obtained fuel wood with mean 3.3 and SD 1.0702. There is a negative correlation statistically significant between respondent's income and forest's uses for building materials, grazing, hunting, and charcoal and beekeeping. No significant correlation between income level and forest's uses for fuel wood, furniture and entertainment. The findings also revealed significant and negative relationship between some forests’ uses not significantly correlated to forest's distance. Independent T-Test results revealed statistically significant differences, and/or non-significance between male and female in for forests’ such as fuel wood, building materials, furniture and others. Results also identified statistically significant and/or not significant differences between rural and urban residence in forests uses for some variables. One-way analysis of variance identified factors that are significantly and/or not significantly affect forests’ uses regarding respondents’ occupations. The study recommended introduction of relevant forestry management systems, extension activities on development and forest protection, adoption and dissemination of alternative energy sources such as cooking gas and others.

Author Biography

Abdel Raouf Suleiman Bello, King Saud University

Associate Professor

Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Society

References

Alaska Department of Natural Resources (2010).Benefits of tree and forests in communities.Community Forestry Program, Anchorage, Alaska, USA. Accessed on April 22, 2011. Available at: www.dnr.state.ak.us.us/forestry

Agbogidi O.M., and O.F. Eshegbeyi (2008). Forestry development for a safe environment. In: Onykwelu, J.C, Adekunle., VAJ, Oke D.O. (eds). Proc. of the 1st National Conf. of the Forestry and Forest Products Society of Nigeria (FFPN) held at the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State. 16th -18th April, 2008, 95-98.

Ballal E. Salih, E. and Abdel Magid D.(2014). Ethno-botany of Natural Forests of Nuba Mountains, South Kordofan State, Sudan. Journal of Forest Products & Industries, 2014, 3(1), 13-19

Ballal E. (2012). National Scoping Study of Restoration and Rehabilitation in the Sudan. A study report for the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).

Bello, A. and Allajabu,H ( 2016). Factors affecting forests’ uses in South Kordofan State of Sudan. International Journal of Advanced Research (2016), Volume 4, Issue 6, 1963-1970

Elsiddig, E. ; Abdel Magid, T. and Mohamed, A. (2011). Forest Plantations/Woodlots in the eastern and northeastern African countries of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda,

Burundi, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Sudan. Country raport, African Forest Forum. Nairobi, Kenya. 77

FAO (2012). State of the world forests. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Rome, Italy

FAO (2011). Forests – For improved nutrition and food security. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Rome, Italy.

FAO (1998). Guidelines for the management of tropical forests: The production of wood. FAO Forestry Paper No. 135. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Rome, Italy.

Forests National Corporation (2007), Annual Report of the Forests National Corporation. Khartoum, Sudan.

Forests National Corporation (2006). The Sudan National Forestry Policy Statement (Draft), Forest National Cooperation, Forest Policy, Legal and Institutional Framework Project, FAO.

Forests National Corporation (1996). Information Note, Third Ed, Khartoum, Sudan Dec. 1996.

IFAD (2007). Greater Kordofan diagnostic survey. Western Sudan Natural Resource Management Program (WSRMP). North and South Kordofan Coordination Unit and ELObeid and Kadogli Research Stations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forest#Definition.

Lipper, L., (2007). The Overstory #194 - Forest degradation and food security. Editor: C.R. Elevitch, Permanent Agriculture Resources. Holualoa, Hawaii 96725, USA. Available at: http://www.overstory.org; Accessed on March 12, 2012.

Harrison, M. N. and J. K. Jackson (1958). Ecological classification of the Vegetation of the Sudan. Forest Bull. No 2. (New series) Forest Dep. Khartoum.

Kenneth M (2013). "Forest Resources Assessment Working Paper 180" . Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Forestry Department. Rome Retrieved 2014-11.

Khamfeua, S., and T. Tosuchiya, (2012). Relationship between local residents’ perceptions, attitudes, and participation towards national protected areas: A case study of Phou Khoa Khouay National Protected Area, Central Lao PDR. Forest Policy and Economics. 21: 92-100.

Rawat, T.S., B.L. Menaria., D. Dugaya and P.C. Kotwal (2008). Sustainable Forest Management in India. Current Science. 94(8): 996-1002.

Schindler, S., A. Cimadom., and T. Wrbka. (2011). The attitude towards nature and nature conservation on the urban fringes. Innovation – The European Journal of Social Science Research. 24(3): 379-390.

Sudan's Fourth National Report to The Convention on Biological Diversity, prepared by the higher council for environment and natural resources (HCENR), Khartoum, Sudan 2009.

The Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources-Sudan (2009). Sudan’s Fourth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Khartoum, Sudan

Olagnuju, E. (2015). Impacts of Human-induced Deforestation, Forest Degradation and Fragmentation on Food Security. N Y Sci J 2015;8(1):4-16]. (ISSN: 1554-0200).http://www.sciencepub.net/newyork. 2, 4-16

United Nations Environment Program (2010). Forest Definition and Extent. In: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forest#Definition

Published
2016-12-31