ASSESSMENT OF OPEN BURNING OF AGRICULTURAL WASTEIN BIU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BORNO STATE, NIGERIA

Main Article Content

JOSEPH OLANIYI FOLORUNSHO

Abstract

Assessment of potential open burning of agricultural crop residue of post-harvest waste generations in Biu local government areas of Borno State, Nigeria was estimated. This is with a view of knowing the types, quantity and strength of these crop residues generated annually in the study area. The method adopted was field survey and focused group discussion of and the result collected. The total hectares of land cultivated for the major crop selected from the host communities were estimated to be 1450ha. in the year under study. From the study, maize, millet and rice are being produced in large quantity in the place visited. For maize alone in ten communities, 140 tonnes of waste is produced, 118 tonnes of sorghum, 115 tonnes of millet, 111 tonnes of rice and 53 tonnes of cowpea waste is produced. The major management measure adopted is burning which is not environmentally friendly. The annual quantity of agricultural crop residues generated for burning in these communities is estimated to be 381 tons. Among the entire communities selected, Maina Hari has the highest hectares of land cultivated during the period of field survey followed by Mangada and Mandafuma. The survey also revealed that farmers have difficulties in accessing information on environmental health hazard of open burning of agricultural waste. While some even lack any knowledge about health risk of burning crops residue, apart from increasing soil fertility to their farm and also facilitate land clearing prior to raining season. Regulatory efforts should focus on the identification and control of environmental airborne sources of pollution resulting from burning activities, which are currently the major origin of food chain contamination.


 

Article Details

How to Cite
FOLORUNSHO, J. O. (2016). ASSESSMENT OF OPEN BURNING OF AGRICULTURAL WASTEIN BIU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BORNO STATE, NIGERIA. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 3(6). https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.36.1801
Section
Articles
Author Biography

JOSEPH OLANIYI FOLORUNSHO, GEOGRAPHY DEPARTMENT, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, LOKOJA, KOGI STATE, NIGERIA

GEOGRAPHY DEPARTMENT, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, LOKOJA, KOGI STATE, NIGERIA/SENIOR LECTURER

References

Adeoye, P. A., Adebayo, S. E. and Musa, J. J (2011) Agricultural post-harvest waste generation and management for selected crops in Minna, Niger State, North Central Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation Volume 6 Page 427-435

Andreae M O, Merlet P, (2001). Emissions of trace gases and aerosols from biomass burning, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, volume.15 (4): 955–966.

Bamidele JI, (1998). Disinfection of Sewage Sludge, a Microbial Aspect Proceeding of a C.E.C. Workshop held in Zurich, May 11th 1988.

Costner, P., (2005). Estimating releases and prioritizing sources in the context of the Stockholm Convention. International POPs Elimination Project (IPEP). Website:.

Kwaghe, P., Gwary, M., and Abdulsalam, R. a.-Y. (2011). Economic analysis of Agricultural waste management among farming household in Jere Local Government of Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of agricultural and biological science Volume.2 , 193-198.

John,Taiwo, and Oladeji, (2011) World Rural Observations.

Miller, D.W. (1980). Waste disposal effects on ground water. Berkeley, California.

Nilanthi, JGJ; Badara, J. and Patrick, A.H. (2010), Environmental Impact with Waste Disposal Practices in a Sub-urban Municipality in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Environment and Waste Management Volume.6, No.1, pp.107-16
Nix. J., (2002) Farm Management Pocketbook, 33rd Edition. Imperial College at Wye

Onlinenigeria,(2003) Borno State, Physical Setting.Community Portal of Nigeria. Online Nigeria,www.onlinenigeria.com/ Accessed 10/12/2010.

Sabiiti EN, Bareeba F, Sporndly E, Tenywa JS, Ledin S, Ottabong E, Kyamanywa S, Ekbom B, Mugisha J and L Drake, (2005). Urban market garbage.A resource for sustainable crop/livestock production system and the environment in Uganda. A paper presented at the international conference, Wastes- The Social Context. Edmonton, Canada.

Taylor and Francis, (1971)West Africa, Volume 25, Part 1. Page 285.

USEPA, (2000) Compilation of air pollutant emission factors, AP-42, 5th ed., 2.5: Open burning, http://www.epa. gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch02.

UNSD, (1997) “Glossary of Environment Statistic” unstats.un.org

UNEP, and ISWA. (2002). Waste Management: Industry as a partner for sustainable development International solid waste association and United Nation Environment Programme.