Psychotherapeutic Treatments to Relieve the Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): A Review of Clinical Reports

Main Article Content

Juliana Margarida Carneiro
Rosangela Bertelli

Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychopathological condition with high prevalence, characterised by the presence of obsessions, compulsions or both and it is known that psychotherapeutic interventions would allow for the relief of some of the OCD’s symptoms. The aim of the present review of clinical reports published between 2014 and 2019 in journals indexed in the Online Library of Knowledge (B-on) was to provide an overview of psychotherapeutic treatments that were put into service, by psychologists or other health professionals, in order to help OCD patients. Considering that clinical reports are so diverse in terms of reported strategies of intervention and of changes in cognitions, symptoms and behaviours, a narrative approach seemed to be better fitted for capturing the psychotherapeutic treatments reported. Results detected the predominance of the cognitive-behavioural approach with strategies and procedures derived from the cognitive-behavioural model of learning.

Article Details

How to Cite
Carneiro, J. M., & Bertelli, R. (2021). Psychotherapeutic Treatments to Relieve the Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): A Review of Clinical Reports. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 8(5), 643–666. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.85.10276
Section
Articles

References

. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.

. World Health Organization. (2018). International Classification of Diseases - ICD-11. Geneva: World Health Organization.

. Storch, E. A., Lehmkuhl, H., Pence, S. L., Geffken, G. R., Ricketts, E., Storch, J. F., & Murphy, T. K. (2009). Parental experiences of having a child with obsessive-compulsive disorder: Associations with clinical characteristics and caregiver adjustment. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18(3), 249-258. doi: 10.1007/s10826-008-9225-y

. Lebowitz, E. R., Panza, K. E., Su, J., & Bloch, M. H. (2012). Family accommodation in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 12(2), 229-238. doi: 10.1586/ern.11.200

. Peris, T. S., Bergman, R. L., Langley, A., Chang, S., McCracken, J. T., & Piacentini, J. (2008). Correlates of accommodation of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: Parent, child, and family characteristics. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(10), 1173-1181. doi: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181825a91

. Albert, U., Baffa, A., Maina, G. (2017). Family accommodation in adult obsessive-compulsive disorder: Clinical perspectives. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 10, 293-304. doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S124359

. Foa, E. B., Yadin, E., & Lichner, K. (2012). Exposure and response (ritual) prevention for obsessive-compulsive disorder (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

. Nock, M. K., Hwang, I., Sampson, N. A., & Kessler, R. C. (2010). Mental disorders, comorbidity and suicidal behavior: Results from the national comorbidity survey replication. Molecular psychiatry, 15(8), 868-876. doi: 10.1038/mp.2009.29

. Schoevers, R. A., Deeg, D. J. H., Van Tilburg, W., & Beekman, A. T. F. (2005). Depression and generalized anxiety disorder: Co-occurrence and longitudinal patterns in elderly patients. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13(1), 31-39. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajgp.13.1.31

. Esfahani, M., Kjbaf, M. B., & Abedi, M. R. (2015). Evaluation and comparison of the effects of time perspective therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy and narrative therapy on severity of symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 41(3), 148.

. Hodges, L. J., Walker, J., Kleiboer, A. M., Ramírez, A. J., Richardson, A., Velikova, G., & Sharpe, M. (2011). What is a psychological intervention? A metareview and practical proposal. Psycho-Oncology, 20, 470- 478. doi: 10.1002/pon.1780

. Carpenter, J. K., Andrews, L. A., Witcraft, S. M., Powers, M. B., Smits, J. A. J., & Hoffmann, S. G. (2018). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and related disorders: A meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Depression and Anxiety, 35(6), 1-13. doi: 10.1002/da.22728

. Wittchen, H. U., Härtling, S. & Hoyer, J. (2015). Psychotherapy and mental health as a psychological science discipline. Verhaltenstherapie, 25(2), 98-109. doi: 10.1159/000430772

. Schnyder, U., Ehlers, A., Elbert, T., Foa, E. B., Gersons, B. P., Resick, P. A., ... Cloitre, M. (2015). Psychotherapies for PTSD: What do they have in common?. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 6(1), 1-10. doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v6.28186

. Wheeler, C. H. B. (2017). Acceptance and commitment therapy-specific processes in the psychotherapeutic treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder: a single case study. Clinical Case Studies, 16(4), 1-15. doi: 10.1177/1534650117694269

. Alatiq, Y., & Alrshould, H. (2018). Family-based cognitive behavioural therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder with family accommodation: Case report from Saudi Arabia. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 11, 1-13. doi: 10.1017/S1754470X1800017X

. Potik, D. (2017). “Winter is coming!” - treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder imagery after viewing the television series game of thrones. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 11(3), 147-161. doi: 10.1891/1933-3196.11.3.147

. Oldham-Cooper, R., Glasman, D., & Loades, M. (2016). The advantages of parental involvement in cognitive-behavioral treatment of childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder: A single-case example. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 29(1), 44-53. doi: 10.1111/jcap.12134

. Taylor, R., & Reeder, C. (2015). Intensive individual and group cognitive behavioural therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 69(3), 269-284. doi: 10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.2015.69.3.269

. Le, T. P., Merricks, K., Nadeau, J. M., Ramos, A., & Storch, E. A. (2017). Intensive exposure and response prevention for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder with comorbid obsessive–compulsive disorder and major depressive disorder. Clinical Case Studies, 16(6), 480-496. doi: 10.1177/1534650117737176

. Banting, R., & Lloyd, S. (2017). A case study integrating cbt with narrative therapy externalizing techniques with a child with ocd: How to flush away the silly gremlin. a single-case experimental design. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 30(2), 80-89. doi: 10.1111/jcap.12173

. Bornheimer, L. A. (2015). Exposure and response prevention as an evidence-based treatment for obsessive–compulsive disorder: Considerations for social work practice. Clinical Social Work Journal, 43(1), 38-49. doi: 10.1007/s10615-014-0483-4

. Farrell, L. J., Sluis, R., & Waters, A. M. (2016). Intensive treatment of pediatric ocd: The case of Sarah. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 72(11), 1174-1190. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22397

. Herren, J., Freeman, J., & Garcia, A. (2016). Using family-based exposure with response prevention to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder in young children: A case study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 72(11), 1152-1161. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22395

. Krebs, G., Murray, K., & Jassi, A. (2016). Modified cognitive behavior therapy for severe, treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder in an adolescent with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 72(11), 1162-1173. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22396

. Labouliere, C. D., Arnold, E. B., Storch, E. A., & Lewin, A. B. (2014). Family-based cognitive-behavioral treatment for a preschooler with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Clinical Case Studies, 13(1), 37-51. doi: 10.1177/1534650113504985

. Miyawaki, D., Goto, A., Iwakura, Y., Hirai, K., Miki, Y., Asada, N., Terakawa, H., & Inoue, K. (2018). Preschool-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder with complete remission. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 14, 1747-1753. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S169797

. Pinninti, N. R., Schmidt, L. T., & Snyder, R. P. (2014). Case manager as therapy extender for cognitive behavior therapy of serious mental illness: A case report. Community Mental Health Journal, 50(4), 422-426. doi: 10.1007/s10597-013-9633-3

. Ordaz, D. L., Lewin, A. B., McBride, N. M., & Storch, E. A. (2018). Modular cognitivebehavioral therapy for an early adolescent with autism spectrum disorder and comorbid obsessive compulsive disorder. Clinical Case Studies, 17(4), 1-16. doi: 10.1177/1534650118782436

. Strimpfel, J. M., Neece, J. G., & Macfie, J. (2016). Flexible manualized treatment for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: A case study. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 46(2), 97-105. doi: 10.1007/s10879-015-9317-0

. Marsden, Z. (2016). EMDR treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: Three cases. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 10(2), 91-103. doi: 10.1891/1933- 3196.10.2.91

. Roberts-Collins, C. (2016). A case study of an adolescent with health anxiety and ocd, treated using cbt: Single-case experimental design. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 29(2), 95-104. doi: 10.1111/jcap.12136

. Nadeau, J. M., Arnold, E. B., Storch, E. A., & Lewin, A. B. (2014). Family cognitivebehavioral treatment for a child with autism and comorbid obsessive compulsive disorder. Clinical Case Studies, 13(1), 22-36. doi: 10.1177/1534650113504488

. Babinski, D. E., Pelham Jr, W. E., & Waxmonsky, J. G. (2014). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder complicated by stigma: A case study. Clinical Case Studies, 13(1), 95-110. doi: 10.1177/153465011350774

. Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive behavior therapy: Basics and beyond (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. ISBN 978-1-60918-504-6

. Bertelli, R. (2019). Does the cognitive-behavioural model of learning share features of Buddha’s and Krishnamurti’s Teachings? Using the concept of automatic maladaptive thoughts as an example. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 6(2), 475- 480. doi: 10.14738/assrj.62.6222

. Benito, K. G., & Walther, M. (2015). Therapeutic process during exposure: Habituation model. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 6, 147–157. doi: 10.1016/j.jocrd.2015.01.006

. Shapiro, S. (2017). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy: Basic principles, protocols, and procedure (3rd ed.). US: Guilford Publications, INC. ISBN 9781462532766