SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS CONTRIBUTION TO ENERGY MIX IN SELECTED NIGERIAN ESTATES
Keywords:Solar Photovoltaic, Energy services, Renewable energy, Sustainable development
This paper assessed the share of Solar Photovoltaics (PV) in the energy mix for various energy services in Nigerian residential estate. Model for Analysis of Energy Demand (MADE-II) was used to analyze the primary and other secondary data obtained for the study. The results showed that the current contribution of solar PV in energy demand split for the estates was still low, with a total share of 8.8%, 6.7% and 4.4% in Ijapo, Alagbaka and Sunshine Housing Estate despite various government interventions. Its usage level constituted an insignificant share of 27.9%, 57.3%, 18.3%, 0%, 0%, 0%, 0%, and 16.8% for the total lighting, computing/internet, entertainment, process heat, cooking, refrigeration, water pumping and ventilation services requirement respectively in Ijapo Housing Estate, 26.5%, 70.6%, 13.7%, 0%, 0%, 0%, 0%, and 16.5% in Alagbaka Housing Estate, and 24.0%, 50%, 14.1%, 0%, 0%, 0%, 0%, and 1.8% in Sunshine Housing Estate. The study concluded that utilization of solar PV as an energy source for energy service ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. The research recommended that government support for solar PV intervention should be further encouraged.
 Stevance, Anne-Sophie, Dave Griggs, Måns Nilsson, & David McCollum. (2017): A GUIDE TO SDG INTERACTIONS: FROM SCIENCE TO IMPLEMENTATION’. International Council for Science (ICSU). https://www.icsu.org/cms/2017/05/SDGs-Guide-to-Interactions.pdf. Chapter on SDG 7 (p. 127-173) includes linkages between SDG7 and other SDGs.
 Bazilian, M., Nussbaumer, P., Eibs-Singer, C., Brew-Hammond, A., Modi, V., Sovacool, B., Ramana, V. & Aqrawi, P. K. (2012) Improving Access to Modern Energy Services: Insights from Case Studies. Electr. J, 25, pp93–114
 Pachauri, S., van Ruijven, B. J., Nagai, Y., Riahi, K., van Vuuren, D. P., Brew-Hammond, A. & Nakicenovic, N. (2013): Pathways to achieve universal household access to modern energy by 2030. Environ. Res. Lett, 8, 24015
 Groh, S. (2014): The role of energy in development processes - the energy poverty penalty: Case study of Arequipa (Peru). Energy Sustainable Development
 Ulsrud, K., Winther, T., Palit, D. & Rohracher, H. (2015): Village-level solar power in Africa: Accelerating access to electricity services through a socio-technical design in Kenya. Energy Res. Soc. Sci. 2015, 5, 34–44
 Emovon I, Samuel, O. D., Mgbemena, C. O., Adeyeri, M. K., 2018: Electric Power generation crisis in Nigeria: A review of causes and solution. International Journal of Intergrated Engineering Vol.10 p 47-56
 Jesuleye, O.A. (2010): Analysis of Solar Photovoltaics Utilization in Selected Rural Areas of Nigeria, Ph.D. dissertation, Technology Planning and Development Unit, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.
 ECN & UNDP. (2005): Nigeria Renewable Energy Master Plan (REMP); Retrieved March, 2019 www.areanet.org/fileadmin/user_uploada/AREA/AREA_downloads/AREA_Conferene_09/Presentations/Nigeria_Renewable_Energy_Masterplan.pdf
 Akinwale, Y, and Adepoju A. (2019): Factors influencing willingness to adopt renewable energy technologies among micro and small enterprises in Lagos State Nigeria, International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management, Vol. 19 pages 69-82
 Onasanya, M. A. (2010): Optimised Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources in Nigeria. International Conference on Environmental Issue (ICE2), April 18-20
 Holladay, A. (2006): Solar Energy, Microsoft Student 2007. Redmond WA: Microsoft Corporation.
 Wikipedia, (2019): Federal University of Technology Akure, Akure
 Devine-Wright, P. (2017): Reconsidering public attitudes and public acceptance of renewable energy technologies: a critical review. School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK, 2007.http://geography.exeter.ac.uk/beyond_nimbyism/deliverables/bn_wp1_4.pdf (Accessed 11 march 2019)
 Huijts, N., Molin, E. and Steg, L. (2011): Psychological factors influencing sustainable energy technology acceptance: A review-based comprehensive framework. Renewable Energy and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 pp 525–531. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.08.018
 Lan, Z. and Li, J. (2014): Photovoltaic technology and electricity saving strategies for fixedvelocity- measuring system. TELKOMNIKA Indones J Electr Eng, 12 (6) 4419–4426
 Silveira, J. L., Tuna, C. E. and Lamas, W. Q. (2013): The need of subsidy for the implementation of photovoltaic solar energy as supporting of decentralized electrical power generation in Brazil. Renewable Sustainable Energy Review, 20, 133–141
 REN21, (2018): Renewable global status report 2018 update. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st century.
 Jesuleye, O.A. (2010): Solar PV demand for lighting in Nigerian remote villages International Journal of Management and Applied Science, ISSN: 2394-7926 Volume-3, Issue-10, Oct.-2017 http://iraj.in
 Ismail, O. S., Ajide, O. O., & Akingbesote, F. (2012): Performance Assessment of Installed Solar PV System: A Case Study of Oke-Agunla in Nigeria. Engineering, 4(08), 453. https://doi:10.4236/eng.2012.48059
 Melodi, A. O. and Famakin, S. R. (2011): Assessment of Solar PV-Grid Parity Akure, South-West Nigeria. Journal of Emerging trend in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETAS, 2 (3), 531-536
 Cooper, D. R, & Schindler, P.S (2003): Business Research Meethods. UK: Oxford University Press.
 Mugenda, O. M, & Mugenda, A. G. (2003): Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: African Centre for technology Studies
 Asiyanbola, R. A (2005): Patriarchy, Male Dominance, the Role and Women in Nigeria. Paper Submitted for presentation as poster at the international Union for scientific Study of population (IUSSP/UIESP) XXV International Population Tours, France, 18-23 https://www.semanticsscholar.org/paper/patriarchy-%2C-male-dominance-%2C-the-role-and-women-in-Asiyanbola/cca9d9aabdb150739fb73f8a22ae9f7392bd8eb7
 Olaniyan, K, Mclellan, B.,Ogata, S., & Tezuka, T. (2018): Estimating Residential Energy Consumption in Nigeria to Support Energy Transitions. Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051440
 Fakere, A. A (2017): Effects of Levels of Residents' Participation in House Design on Residential Satisfaction in Public Housing Estates in Akure, Nigeria. Covenant Journal of Research in the Built Environment. 5 (1).