INFLUENCES OF INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT, EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT, BUSINESS ETHICS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP TOWARD BUSINESS PERFORMANCES THROUGH DIFFERENTIATION STRATEGIES AND COMPETING SUPERIORITIES IN SMALL INDUSTRIES IN SURABAYA CITY

INFLUENCES OF INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT, EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT, BUSINESS ETHICS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP TOWARD BUSINESS PERFORMANCES THROUGH DIFFERENTIATION STRATEGIES AND COMPETING SUPERIORITIES IN SMALL INDUSTRIES

  • Jaya Adi Gama Tengtarto Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya
Keywords: Internal Environment, External Environment, Business Ethics, Entrepreneurial Orientation, Differentiation Strategies, Competitive Advantage, Performance of Small Industries.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the influence of: (1) internal environment, external environment, business ethics, entrepreneurial orientation on differentiation strategies; (2) internal environment, external environment, business ethics, entrepreneurial orientation, differentiation strategies on competitive advantage; (3) internal environment, external environment, business ethics, entrepreneurial orientation, differentiation strategies, competitive advantage on business performance. This research is an explanatory type of research with a quantitative approach. The populations in this study were all Small Industries in Surabaya as many as 384 Small Industries in Surabaya, while the samples used were 349 Small Industries in Surabaya. Data collection is done by questionnaire. The data analysis technique used is the Structural Equation Model (SEM) with AMOS program. Based on the results of the analysis shows that: (1) internal environment, external environment,  business ethics, entrepreneurial orientation significantly influences on differentiation strategy; (2) business ethics, entrepreneurial orientation, differentiation strategy has a significant influences on competitive advantage, while internal environment and external environment does not have a significant influences on competitive advantage; (3) internal environment, entrepreneurial orientation, differentiation strategies, competitive advantage has a significant influences on the performance of small industries, while external environment and business ethics has no significant influences on the performance of small industries.

References

Anggraini, F., & I. P. G. Sukaatmadja. 2015. “Implementasi Strategi Kemitraan, Diferensiasi, Dan Layanan Untuk Meningkatan Kinerja Industri Kuliner Di Kota Denpasar”. E-Jurnal Manajemen Unud, Vol. 4, No. 11, 3991-4018

Coulthard, M. 2007. “The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Firm Performance and the Potential Influence of Relational Dynamism”, Journal of Global Business and Technology, 3,29-39.

Crijns,H. And Ooghi. 2000. Growth Paths of Medium Sized Entrepreneurial Companies. De Vlerick School Voor Management, University of Ghent.

Ferdinand, Augusty. 2003. Sustainable Competitive Advantage: Sebuah Eksplorasi Model Konseptual, Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang

Gumelar, G. 2018. Pertumbuhan Industri Kecil dan Mikro Terendah Sejak 2013. Di akses di https://www.cnnindonesia.com/ekonomi/20180201122515-92-273128/pertumbuhan-industri-kecil-dan-mikro-terendah-sejak-2013 Pada Senin 08 Januari 2018

Gunawan. 2016. Tahun 2017, Kemenperin Targetkan Pertumbuhan IKM. Di akses di http://www.tribunnews.com/bisnis/2016/12/30/tahun-2017-kemenperin-targetkan-pertumbuhan-ikm pada 30 Desember 2017

Hafsah, M. J. 2003. Kemitraan Usaha: Konsepsi dan Strategi. Pustaka Sinar Harapan. Jakarta.

Handriani, E. 2011. "Pengaruh Faktor Internal Eksternal, Entrepreneurial Skill, Strategi Dan Kinerja Terhadap Daya Saing Ukm Di Kabupaten Semarang". Dinamika Sosial Ekonomi Volume 7 Nomor 1

Ingga. 2009. "Pengaruh lingkungan eksternal, lingkungan internal, strategi kepemimpinan biaya, strategi diferensiasi, terhadap nilai pelanggan dan keunggulan bersaing". Terakreditasi SK Dirjen Dikti No. 43/DIKTI/KEP.

Kotler, P. 2008. Manajemen Pemasaran. Edisi 12 Jilid 2. Jakarta: Indeks

Kuncoro, M. 2006. “Ekonomi Pembangunan”, Penerbit Salemba. Empat, Jakarta.

Mariajie W dan T.Yuniati. 2014. Pengaruh Perilaku Konsumen Terhadap Keputusan Pembelian Compact Disc (CD) di Surabaya. Jurnal Ilmu & Riset Manajemen. 3 (8) : 1-15

Mulyadi. 2011. Auditing Buku 1. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Munizu, M. 2010. Pengaruh Faktor-Faktor Eksternal dan Internal Terhadap Kinerja Usaha Mikro dan Kecil (UMK) di Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Manajemen Dan Kewirausahaan, Vol.12, No. 1 hal 33-41

Muslich. 2009. Etika Bisnis Islami. Landasan Filosofis, Normatif, dan substansi Implementatif. Yogyakarta: Ekonisia FE UII.

Nurlina, R., N. Suparta& N. Sutjipta, 2013. "Lingkungan Internal, Lingkungan Eksternal, dan Orientasi kewirausahaan sebagai Landasan Strategi Diferensiasi, serta Pengaruhnya terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing Usaha Mikro Tanaman Hias di Kota Denpasar". Jurnal Manajemen Agribisnis Vol. 1, No. 2

Nuvriasari, A., G. Wicaksono., & Sumiyarsih. 2015. Peran Orientasi Pasar, Orientasi Kewirausahaan Dan Strategi Bersaing Terhadap Peningkatan Kinerja UKM

Ogbari, M. E., Adunola, O. O., A. A. Inukunoluwa., M. A. Ajagbe., A. C. Ologbo. 2016. “Entrepreneurship and Business Ethics: Implications on Corporate Performance”. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 6 (S3) 50-58.

Pearce, J. A., & Robinson, R. B. 2013. Manajemen Strategis: Formulasi,. Implementasi, dan Pengendalian. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.
Porter, Michael, E. 2008. Strategi Bersaing (Competitive strategy). Tanggerang: Karisma publishing group.

Purwidianti, W., & T.S.M. Rahayu. 2015. "Pengaruh Faktor Internal Dan Eksternal Terhadap Kinerja Usaha Industri Kecil Dan Menengah Di Purwokerto Utara". KINERJA, Volume 19, No.1, hal. 149-159

Quantananda, E., & B. Haryadi. 2015. Pengaruh Orientasi. Kewirausahaan Pada Perusahaan Makanan dan Minuman di Surabaya. AGORA Vol 3, No 1

Ramadhani, D., S. 2012. “Pengaruh Strategi Diferensiasi Terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing (Studi Kasus Pada Konsumen Damarindo Digital Printing di Padang”. Other thesis, Universitas Andalas

Riyanto. S. 2010. "Pengaruh Lingkungan Internal dan Eksternal terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing dan Kinerja Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM) di Madiun". Jurnal. Universitas PGRI Madiun

Rosenbusch, K. 2013. Effective Leadership. European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 37, pp. 781-783

Setyawati & H. Abrilia. 2013. "Pengaruh Orientasi kewirausahaan Dan Orientasi Pasar Terhadap Kinerja Perusahaan Melalui Keunggulan Bersaing Dan Persepsi Ketidakpastian Lingkungan Sebagai Prediksi Variabel Moderasi (Survey pada UMKM Perdagangan di Kabupaten Kebumen)". hlm 20-31.

Sinaga, A.H., S. Mangunwiharjo., & Sugiarto. 2016. Upaya Peningkatan Kinerja Usaha Mikro Kecil Dan Menengah Melalui Orientasi Kewirausahaan Dan Aset Stratejik Dengan Keunggulan Bersaing Sebagai Variabel Mediasi (Penelitian pada Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di bidang fashion Kota Semarang). Magister Manajemen, Universitas Diponegoro

Sinaulan, Jeffry H. 2016. “Peran Penting Etika Binsis Bagi Perusahaan-Perusahaan Indonesia dalam Bersaing di Era Masyarakat Ekonomi Asean”. Jurnal Ekonomi Keuangan dan Manajemen, 10(2), 19-32.

Stevanus, V.N., Rofiaty, & S. Aisjah. 2016. "Faktor Lingkungan Usaha Dan Strategi diferensiasi Terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing Dan Kinerja Usaha (Studi Pada UMKM di Kota Malang)". Media Mahardhika Vol. 15 No. 1

Sulistiani, D. 2014. Mencapai Keunggulan Bersaing Dengan Strategi Diferensiasi. Jurnal. Akuntansi Fakultas Ekonomi. Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Sumantri, B., A. Fariyanti, & R. Winandi. 2013. “Penelitian ini berjudul "Faktor-Faktor yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kinerja Usaha Wirausaha Wanita: Suatu Studi pada Industri Pangan Rumahan di Bogor". Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi. Volume 12 Number 3


Syafarudin. A. 2015. The Influence Of External And Internal Environment On The Competitive Strategy And The Partnership Strategy And Its Impact On The Competitive Advantage And Its Implication On The Performance Of Small And Medium Enterprises In West Sumatra. Jurnal Faculty of Economics and Business University of Padjadjaran.

Thibault, Charlotte. 2001. Gender and Development: Training Kit. Ottawa: Comité québécois femmes et Développement Wood

Thompson, Jr. Arthur. A. & Strickland, III. A. J., 2010, Crafting and Implementing Strategy : Text and Readings, 10th Edition, McGraw-Hill International Editions, Singapore

Wheelen, Thomas L., Hunger, J. David. 2008. Strategic Management and Business Policy Achieving Sustainability. Twelfth Edition. Pearson

Wulandari, A. 2009. Pengaruh Lingkungan Eksternal Dan Lingkungan Internal Terhadap Orientasi Wirausaha Dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Kinerja Perusahaan. Jurnal Pengembangan Wiraswasta VOL. 11 NO. 2: 142 – 152

Zimmerer, T. W., & N. Scarborough. 2008. Kewirausahaan dan. Manajemen Usaha Kecil. Jakarta: Salemba Empat
Published
2020-01-20