The Socio-Psychological and Cultural Motives of ASEAN Tourist
Keywords:Socio-Psychological, Cultural, Motives, ASEAN, Tourist
This study aimed to examine the level of motives of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) tourists in terms of Socio-psychological motives and Cultural motives based on the responses of ASEAN tourists. The research used descriptive method in assessing the factors affecting the decision making of ASEAN tourist to travel based on the theory of Ap and Crompton. The study used modified questionnaire designed to obtain socio-psychological and cultural motives. The research concluded that the level of ASEAN travel motivation is very high, it indicates that the ASEAN Tourists has a very high travel motive. There is no significant difference in Travel Motives of ASEAN tourist when analyzed according to the profile of respondents. Socio-Psychological Motives or Push Factors were perceived as Moderately Important, suggesting that ASEAN must improve the tourist attractions and sustain the affordable cost for living and education. Further, local government should sustain the economic and tourism stability for foreign investors.
Agyeiwaah, E., Otoo, F. E., Suntikul, W., & Huang, W. J. (2019). Understanding culinary
tourist motivation, experience, satisfaction, and loyalty using a structural approach. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 36(3), 295-313.
Ahamed, F., Ganesan, S., James, A., & Zaher, W. A. (2021). Understanding perception
and acceptance of Sinopharm vaccine and vaccination against COVID–19 in the UAE. BMC public health, 21(1), 1-11.
Almeida-Santana, A., & Moreno-Gil, S. (2018). Understanding tourism loyalty:
Horizontal vs. destination loyalty. Tourism management, 65, 245-255.
Al Ansaari, M. A. D. A. (2019). The impact of push & pull factors and
Political stability on destination image, tourist satisfaction and the intention to re-visit: the case of abu dhabi in the uae.
Bato-on, N., Lavarias, L. J., Ortiz, G., Tatel, R., & Barrios, E. (2016). Final Destination:
A PUV Offline Navigation System Educating Davaoeños Local and International Tourists about the Different Structural Landmarks in Davao City. Cloud, 3
Busch, C., & Barkema, H. (2020). Planned luck: How incubators can facilitate serendipity
for nascent entrepreneurs through fostering network embeddedness. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 1042258720915798.
Caber, M., & Albayrak, T. (2016). Push or pull? Identifying rock climbing tourists'
motivations. Tourism Management, 55, 74-84.
Camilleri, M. A. (2018). The tourism industry: An overview. Travel marketing, tourism
economics and the airline product, 3-27.
Coccossis, H., & Mexa, A. (2017). The challenge of tourism carrying capacity assessment:
theory and practice. Routledge.
Cohen, H. S. (2018). Exploring Presentations of the Self: Tourist Identity and
Representation on Facebook (Master's thesis, University of Waterloo).
Confente, I., & Vigolo, V. (2018). Online travel behaviour across cohorts: T he impact of
social influences and attitude on hotel booking intention. International Journal of Tourism Research, 20(5), 660-670.
Crompton, J. (1979) Motivations for pleasure vacation. Annals of Tourism Research 6(4),
Dela Santa, E. D. (2018). Power and politics in tourism policy and planning in the
Philippines. In Managing Asian Destinations (pp. 23-34). Springer, Singapore.
Fernández, A., García, S., Galar, M., Prati, R. C., Krawczyk, B., & Herrera, F.
(2018). Learning from imbalanced data sets (Vol. 10, pp. 978-3). Berlin: Springer.
Haacke, J. (2019). The concept of hedging and its application to Southeast Asia: a critique
and a proposal for a modified conceptual and methodological framework. International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 19(3), 375-417.
Helson, H. (1948), ``Adaptation-level as a basis for a quantitative theory of frame
of reference'', Psychological Review, Vol. 55, November, pp. 279-313. https://www.iei.liu.se/fek/frist/722g60/gruppernas_artiklar_och_presentationer/1.150036/1.pdf
Herbold, V., Thees, H., & Philipp, J. (2020). The host community and its role in sports
tourism—Exploring an emerging research field. Sustainability, 12(24), 10488.
Horner, S., & Swarbrooke, J. (2016). Consumer behaviour in tourism. Routledge.
Hwang, K., & Lee, J. (2018). Antecedents and consequences of ecotourism behavior:
Independent and interdependent self-construals, ecological belief, willingness to pay for ecotourism services and satisfaction with life. Sustainability, 10(3), 789.
Ivanova, M., Ivanov, I. K., & Ivanov, S. (2021). Travel behaviour after the pandemic: the
case of Bulgaria. Anatolia, 32(1), 1-11.
Johnson, J., Irizarry, M., Nguyen, N., & Maloney, P. (2018). Part 1: Foundational theories
of human motivation.
Juraev, O., Kiatkawsin, K., Mukhammadieva, I., & Kim, J. H. (2021). Looking Abroad for
Growth: A Study of International Student’s Symbolic Motivations in Attending South Korean Universities. Sustainability, 14(1), 213.
Katsikari, C., Hatzithomas, L., Fotiadis, T., & Folinas, D. (2020). Push and pull travel
motivation: Segmentation of the Greek market for social media marketing in tourism. Sustainability, 12(11), 4770.
Liu, H., & Li, X. (2021). How travel earns us bragging rights: A qualitative inquiry and
conceptualization of travel bragging rights. Journal of Travel Research, 60(8), 1635-1653.
Michael, N., & King, B. (2021). Escaping from cultural practices at
Home: an exploration of push and pull. Tourism culture & communication.
Nick, I. M. (2019). Personal Names, Hitler, and the Holocaust: A Socio-Onomastic Study
of Genocide and Nazi Germany. Rowman & Littlefield.
Ooi, C. S. (2019). Asian tourists and cultural complexity: Implications for practice and the
Asianisation of tourism scholarship. Tourism Management Perspectives, 31, 14-23.
Osman, H., Brown, L., & Phung, T. M. T. (2020). The travel motivations and experiences
of female Vietnamese solo travellers. Tourist Studies, 20(2), 248-267.
Ozdemir, G., & Çelebi, D. (2018). Exploring dimensions of slow tourism
motivation. Anatolia, 29(4), 540-552.
Pan, T. (2019). Perception of Travel Motivation and Intention for Chinese Cruise
Travelers: Toward an Integrated Model.
Phan, T.A., & Nguyen, T.H.T., (2016). An Analysis Of Factors Impact On
Customer Satisfaction In Vietnam Restaurants: Case Of Fast Food Restaurants. International Journal of Business and Management Review Vol.4, No.6, pp.1-17, August 2016___Published by European Centre for Research Training and Development UK (www.eajournals.org)
Pung, J. M., Del Chiappa, G., & Sini, L. (2019). Booking experiences on sharing economy
platforms: an exploration of tourists’ motivations and constraints. Current Issues in Tourism, 1-13.
Rice, J., & Khanin, D. (2019). Why do they keep coming back? The effect of push motives
vs. pull motives, and attribute satisfaction on repeat visitation of tourist destinations. Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism, 20(4), 445-469.
Rogerson, C. M., & Rogerson, J. M. (2021). Urban tourism under apartheid: The
Johannesburg chapter. In Urban Tourism in the Global South (pp. 149-172). Springer, Cham.
Sastre, R. P., & Phakdee-Auksorn, P. (2017). Examining Tourists’ Push and Pull Travel
Motivations and Behavioral Intentions: The Case of British Outbound Tourists to Phuket, Thailand. Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism, 1-28.
Sheng, M., & Gu, C. (2018). Economic growth and development in Macau (1999–2016):
The role of the booming gaming industry. Cities, 75, 72-80.
Sirichakkaraset, S. (2021). Development of creative community based
Tourism programs for communities adjacent to national parks in thailand (Doctoral dissertation, Kasetsart University).
Sirisack, D., Xayavong, S., Phongsavath, S., & Vongsanga, N. (2014). The Characteristics
and Motivations of Foreign Tourists Who Visit Luang Prabang Province, Lao PDR. International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 5, No. 9;.
Song, Z., Daryanto, A., & Soopramanien, D. (2019). Place attachment, trust and mobility:
Three-way interaction effect on urban residents' environmental citizenship behaviour. Journal of Business Research, 105, 168-177.
Tien, N. H., Trang, T. T. T., & Ngoc, P. B. (2021). Assessing Customer Satisfaction for
Can Gio Tourist Destination in Ho Chi Minh City. PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 18(08), 249-268.
Timothy, D. J. (2021). Cultural heritage and tourism. Channel View Publications. This
means that the visiting tourists are seeking... - Google Scholar
Vidon, E. S., & Rickly, J. M. (2018). Alienation and anxiety in tourism motivation. Annals
of Tourism Research, 69, 65-75.
Whang, H., Yong, S., & Ko, E. (2016). Pop culture, destination images, and visit
intentions: Theory and research on travel motivations of Chinese and Russian tourists. Journal of Business Research, 69(2), 631-641.
Wijaya, S., Wahyudi, W., Kusuma, C. B., & Sugianto, E. (2018). Travel motivation of
Indonesian seniors in choosing destination overseas. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research.
Yousaf, A., Amin, I., & C Santos, J. A. (2018). Tourist's motivations to travel: A
theoretical perspective on the existing literature. Tourism and hospitality management, 24(1), 197-211.
Zhao, J. (2021). Reshaping the Economic Cooperation Pattern of the Belt and Road
Initiative. Springer Nature.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Kymwell Hinlayagan, Kiven
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.