A Comparison of Fair Sharing Algorithms for Regulating Search as a Service API
Providers of a Search as a Service (SaaS) environment must ensure that their users will not monopolize the service or use more than their fair share of resources. Fair sharing algorithms have long been used in computer networking to balance access to a router or switch, and some of these algorithms have also been applied to the control of queries submitted to search engine APIs. If a search query’s execution cost can be reliably estimated, fair sharing algorithms can be applied to the input of a SaaS API to ensure everyone has equitable access to the search engine.
The novelty of this paper lies in presenting a Single-Server Max-Min Fair Deficit Round Robin algorithm, a modified version of the Multi-Server Max-Min Fair Deficit Round Robin algorithm. The Single-Server Max-Min Fair Deficit Round Robin algorithm is compared to three other fair sharing algorithms, token-bucket, Deficit Round Robin (DRR), and Peng and Plale’s  Modified Deficit Round Robin (MDRR) in terms of three different usage scenarios, balanced usage, unbalanced usage as well as an idle client usage, to determine which is the most suitable fair sharing algorithm for use in regulating traffic to a SaaS API. This research demonstrated that the Single-Server Max-Min Fair DRR algorithm provided the highest throughput of traffic to the search engine while also maintaining a fair balance of resources among clients by re-allocating unused throughput to clients with saturated queues so a max-min allocation was achieved.
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