An Agent-Based Model for Cross-Enterprise Supply Chain Management


  • Tarini Prasad Panigrahy Gandhi Institute for technological Advancement
  • Manas Ranjan Patra Department of Computer Science, Berhampur University, Berhampur, India



Supply Chain Management, Workflow Management System, Cross Organization Workflow, Agent based workflow.


 In order to cope with the dynamic scenario of fast changing business requirements enterprises have embraced web technologies to manage their business processes. However, the ability to integrate business processes like procurement, customer relationship management, finance, human resources and manufacturing in a typical supply chain on the web is a challenging task. Today’s virtual enterprises need to integrate different workflows within and across enterprises efficiently so as to provide seamless services. Cross-enterprise workflows can not only streamline and coordinate business processes across organizational boundaries in a dynamic Web environment but can provide low cost and flexible solution to supply chain management. In this paper, we have proposed an agent-based cross-enterprise workflow Management System (WFMS) architecture which can dynamically integrate the workflows and compose a workflow execution community customized to different workflow specifications. The model allows the process agents to update the execution plans dynamically and coordinate the functions of the participating service agents.


. K. Kogan, A. Herbon, “A supply chain under limited-time promotion: The effect of customer sensitivity,” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 188, 2008, pp. 273-292

. C. Lin, H. Chiu, P. Chu. Agility index in the supply chain. International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 100, No. 2, 2006, pp. 285–299.

. Simchi-Levi, P. Kaminsky and E. Simchi-Levi, Managing the Supply Chain – The Definitive Guide for the Business Professional, New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004.

. D. Simchi-Levi, P. Kaminski, Designing and managing the supply chain–concepts, strategies and case studies, New Jersey: McGraw-Hill, 2006.

. B. Manouvrier, L. Ménard,Application Integration,EAI, B2B, BPM and SOA ,John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 134-142,2008.

. D. Georgakopoulos, editor. Information Technologyfor Virtual Enterprises, Proc. of the 9th Int. Workshop on Research Issues on Data Engineering. IEEE Computer Community, March 1999.

. T.E rl, Service-Oriented Architecture Concepts , Technology , and Design, Prentice Hall professional Technical Reference ,pp. 33-37, 2009.

. T.E rl, Service-Oriented Architecture: A Field Guide to Integrating XML and Web Services, Prentice Hall professional Technical Reference, pp. 48-50, 2005 .

. F.Curbera, M.Duftler, R.Khalaf,W.Nagy,N.Mukhi, S.Weerawarana, IEEE Internet Computing Magazine, “Unraveling the Web Services Web An Introduction to SOAP, WSDL, and UDDI”, 2002.,Avialble :, (Last accessed: 12 July 2011)

. P. Massimo, K. Sycara, T. Kawamura, Delivering Semantic Web Services, Proceedings of the WWW2003, Budapest, Hungary, 2003 May.

. M. Fox, M. Barhuceanu, and R. Teigen, “Agent oriented Supply-chain Management,” The International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 12, pp.165-188, 2000.

. J. Gou, X. Yang, W. Dai, “ On Demand Integration of Dynamic Supply Chain Application Based on Semantic Service Oriented Architecture” , IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, Volume 254,Research and Practical Issues of Enterprise Information Systems II Volume 1, eds. L. Xu, Tjoa A., Chaudhry S. (Boston:Springer), pp. 589-598 , 2007.

. T. Hess, L. Rees, and T. Rakes, “Using Autonomous Software Agents to Create the Next Generation of Decision Support Systems,” Decision Sciences, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 1-31,2000.

. A. Dogac, editor. ACM SGMOD Record: Special Issue on Electronic Commerce, ACMSIGMOD RECORD. ACM, December 1998.27(4).

. D. Georgeakopoulos, H. Schuster, A. Cichocki, and D. Baker. Managing process and service fusion in virtual enterprises. Information System, Special Issue on Information System Support for Electronic Commerce, 24(6):429-456 1999.

. J. Chang and C. Scott. Agent-based workflow:TRP support Environment (TSE). Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, 28(7-11):1501-1511, 1996.

. N. R. Jennings, P. Faratin, M. J. Johnson, T. J. Norman, P. O’Brien, and M. E. Wiegand. Agent- based business process management. International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems, 5(2&3): 105-130,1996.




How to Cite

Prasad Panigrahy, T., & Ranjan Patra, M. (2014). An Agent-Based Model for Cross-Enterprise Supply Chain Management. Discoveries in Agriculture and Food Sciences, 2(4), 107–129.