Contribution to the Miniaturization of Antennas: State of the Art

  • Mohamed Tarbouch Ecole Supérieure de Technologie, Hassan II University of Casablanca
  • Abdelkebir Elamri Ecole Supérieure de Technologie, Hassan II University of Casablanca
  • Hanae Terchoune Ecole Supérieure de Technologie, Hassan II University of Casablanca
Keywords: Antennas Miniaturization techniques, Small Antennas, wireless communications

Abstract

Nowadays, communications systems have become more mobile and personal, that means materials used must be as smaller as possible. Low weight reduced volume and low cost are some of the characteristics that must be accomplished in modern telecommunication equipment. It is well known that the antenna is one of the most important devices in the radiofrequency (RF) section. This element needs to perform effectively according to the necessities. To achieve low weight, small volume and low cost, the size needs to be reduced, but keeping the main characteristics. The size reduction of antennas can be made by several techniques according to the type of the element. In this study we will present the fundamental limitations of small antennas as a major constraint of antenna miniaturization, then we will discuss major techniques that have been reported in literature to reduce the size of an antenna. Feasibility, features, effects on the miniaturisation of antennas of each technique will be presented and discussed. At the end of this study we will give some examples of real systems that used antennas miniaturization techniques.

Author Biographies

Mohamed Tarbouch, Ecole Supérieure de Technologie, Hassan II University of Casablanca
RITM Laboratory, CED Engineering Sciences
Abdelkebir Elamri, Ecole Supérieure de Technologie, Hassan II University of Casablanca
RITM Laboratory, CED Engineering Sciences
Hanae Terchoune, Ecole Supérieure de Technologie, Hassan II University of Casablanca
RITM Laboratory, CED Engineering Sciences

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Published
2016-10-31
How to Cite
Tarbouch, M., Elamri, A., & Terchoune, H. (2016). Contribution to the Miniaturization of Antennas: State of the Art. Transactions on Networks and Communications, 4(5), 48. https://doi.org/10.14738/tnc.45.2291