Estimation of solar radiation power using reference evaluation of solar transmittance, 2 bands (REST 2) model (Case study : Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia)

  • Benedictus Asriparusa Institut Teknologi Bandung
Keywords: Estimation, Solar Radiation Power, REST 2, Renewable Energy

Abstract

Indonesia is a country which has abundant energy resources of solar demonstrated by potential position of solar annual migration (around equator line). Nowadays fossil energy consumption so apprehensively, these things are due to decreasing of fossil energy while demand of fossil energy rises continuously. In 2011, fossil fuel energy of Indonesia is 66.4% besides negative effect of increasing Greenhouse Gases concentrate, which is increasing of surface temperature and creates inconvenience environment. Sun as the biggest energy resource should be use optimally for Indonesia area. Diversification of energy is a final step to get another resource so release us of dependently fossil resources. Solar radiation is a green renewable energy which has the potential to answer the needs of energy problems on the period. Knowing how to estimate the strength of the solar radiation force may be one solution of sustainable energy development in an integrated manner. Unfortunately, a fairly extensive area of Indonesia is still very low availability of solar radiation data. Therefore, we need a method to estimate the exact strength of solar radiation. In this study, author used a model Reference Evaluation of Solar Transmittance, 2 Bands (REST 2). Validation of REST 2 model has been performed in Spain, India, Colorado, Saudi Arabia, and several other areas. But it is not widely used in Indonesia. Indonesian region study area is represented by the area of Semarang, Central Java. Solar radiation values estimated using REST 2 model was then verified by field data and gives average RMSE value of 6.53%. Based on the value, it can be concluded that the model REST 2 can be used to estimate the value of solar radiation in clear sky conditions in parts of Indonesia.

Author Biography

Benedictus Asriparusa, Institut Teknologi Bandung

Benedictus Asriparusa (Ben) is a junior student (third-year) in Faculty of Earth Science and Technology majoring in Meteorology of Environmental at Institut Teknologi Bandung. In the very young age of 20 years, he has recorded a large amount of achievements in academic and non-academic. In 2012, he was elected as Chairman of the "Meteosociety" which is charity event to help orphan and introduce meteorology generally. In addition, he also served as Chairman of Mini concert of Malay culture event. In 2013, he was selected to be General Head of Earth Day 2013 and also started as a volunteer in supporting Indonesian go green.
In 2012 to 2013, he was awarded the Dean's Award by the Dean of Faculty of Earth Science and Technology for 1 year and also became “Outstanding student” Bidik Misi scholarship in 2012. Not only that, he also selected as Indonesian delegation and win achievement as the best position paper in International Global Conference 2014. This year, he was selected as one of the Indonesian delegation to the International Energy Conference towards Asia Pacific Potential. At Institut Teknologi Bandung, he was appointed as an assistant lecturer Dr.rer.nat. Armi Susandi, MT. Now, he is currently developing a project with PT Badak LNG in environmental issues at Bontang, East Borneo. He is also developing system of government work program in President’s Delivery Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight.

References

Rahman, Shafiqur. (2007). Solar Radiation Over

Saudi Arabia And Comparisons With Empirical Models. Retrieved January 09, 2014, from Jurnal of Saudi Arabia Center.

Lorenz, Elke. (2013). Current status of solar PV

Power forecasting. Retrieved January 09, 2014, from Jurnal and Workshop Universitat Oldenburg : http://www.3e.eu/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Lorenz_MeteoRES-Workshop_2013-11-19.pdf

PSD Climate Data Repository. (2011). Retrieved November 25, 2013, from Earth System Research Laboratory: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.ncep.reanalysis.html

AWS Center. (2013). Retrieved November 2013, from http://aws.bmkg.go.id/MetView/#dataquery

Gueymard, C. A. (2002). Direct solar transmittance and irradiance predictions with broadband models. Part I: detailed theoretical performance assessment. Solar Energy , 361.

Gueymard, C. A. (2009). Retrieved January 11, 2014, from Solar Consulting Service: http://www.solarconsultingservices.com/ReadMe_REST2_v7.1.txt

Index of /sat/GAME/2011. (2005, 11 17). Retrieved January 15, 2014, from Kochi University: http://weather.is.kochi-u.ac.jp/

Gueymard, C. A. (2011). Clear-sky irradiance predictions for solar resource mapping and large-scale applications: Improved validation methodology and detailed performance analysis of 18 broadband radiative models. Solar Energy .

Justus, C. G., & Paris, M. V. (1985). A Model For Solar Spectral Irradiance And Radiance at the Bottom and Top of A Cloudless Atmosphere. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology .

Mateos, D., Bilbao, J., Miguel, A. d., & Burgos, A. P. (2010). Prediction of Solar Irradiance And Illuminance Using REST2 Model. Valladolid, Spain.

Rahardjo, I., & Fitriana, I. (2006). Analisis Potensi Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya di Indonesia. Strategi Penyediaan Listrik Nasional Dalam Rangka Mengantisipasi Pemanfaatan PLTU Batubara Skala Kecil, PLTN, Dan Energi Terbarukan , 43-52.

Rizwan, M., Jamil, M., & Kothari, D. P. (2010). Solar energy estimation using REST2 model. International Journal of Energy and Environment .

Published
2014-06-09
How to Cite
Asriparusa, B. (2014). Estimation of solar radiation power using reference evaluation of solar transmittance, 2 bands (REST 2) model (Case study : Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia). Transactions on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, 2(3), 107-118. https://doi.org/10.14738/tmlai.23.210