Temporal based EEG Signals Classification for Talocrural and Knee Joint Movements using Emotive Head Set
Keywords:kurtosis, Quadratic Discriminant Analysis, Naïve Bayes, Support Vector Machine.
Recent developments in Brain Computer Interfacing (BCI) and neuroprosthetics have played a vital role for disable people to expect better life quality. In this contribution Electroencephalographic (EEG) signals acquired from six healthy test subjects, are used for the offline analysis of BCI through classification of four lower limb movements including talocrural (ankle) joint dorsi-planter flexion and knee joint extension-flexion. Fourteen channel Emotive EPOC head set is used to acquire EEG signals from sensorimotor cortex area of brain, using a particular data acquisition timeline protocol. Features are extracted in time domain from raw EEG data. Power spectral density, variance, mean value and kurtosis features are applied on raw EEG signals. Multiple classification algorithms are implemented for discrimination of four lower limb movements within data set. The paper uses Quadratic discriminant analysis, Naïve Bayes and Support vector machine classifiers to stratify the movement intent of lower limb. Maximum classification accuracies achieved through various classifiers are; 86.35% with average band power & QDA, 84.38% with mean value & QDA and 78.13% with power spectral density & Quadratic-SVM. The presented findings are optimistic in making the path easier towards the development of BCIs with rich EEG based control signals using noninvasive technology.
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