Main Article Content

David Nchinda Keming


The study focuses on the gambit of capitalism (political downline) and its relationship with the theory of Nchindaism. It provides an understanding to the exploitative mechanics of capitalists on the less developed and predicts the pendulum from Western controlled capitalism to military alliances where Western countries are elbowed from masters to actors and the possible collapse of the United Nations (UN). It targets: derivation, connotation, motives, manoeuvre/repercussions of capitalism, its drift, insight of Nchindaism & International Relations theories. The study is realised with primary, secondary and tertiary data under the ambit of qualitative methodology. Our findings reveal that the myth of None-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and the abusive application of Veto Rights by the Big Five within the UN Security Council (UNSC) catalysed nuclear polarisation leading to the regress of Western capitalism and the emergence of ideological military alliances. It argues that as long as the notion of state sovereignty is built on mutual respect, equality and none-interference in internal affairs, state’s capabilities and defence mechanics shouldn’t face restrictions from others or organisations if it doesn’t deter human rights and welfare. It concludes that since the evolution of science is a free gift from nature and growth of the human mind, education on nuclear responsibility should take preference rather than the myth of limitation to its development or acquisition.

Article Details

How to Cite
Keming, D. N. (2021). POLITICAL DOWNLINE AND NCHINDAISM IN THE GLOBAL POLITICAL ECONOMY. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 8(1), 296-321. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.81.9565


Alvarez J, E, (2004). “Legal unilateralism” in Thomas G. Weiss, Margaret E. Grahan and John
Goering (eds.), Wars on Terrorism and Iraq: Human Rights, Unilateralism, and U.S. Foreign Policy, London & New York, Routledge.

Amadeo K, (2018). “The World Bank, Its Purpose, History, and Statistics” The Balance,
Updated April 11:6. available at https://www.thebalance.com/the-purpose-of-the-world-bank-3306119, 21,st (accessed on June 22, 2018 at 15:42PM).

Auchli P, (2007). ABC of Diplomacy, Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA).

Banerji R, (2018). “9 Of The Most Dangerous Secret Societies In The World”, Lifestyle,
updated, 28th March, (accessed July 10, 2018 at 15:30pm.):8 available at https://www.indiatimes.com/culture/who-we-are/9-of-the-most-dangerous-secret-societies-in-the-world-247678.html.

Cameroon authorities, (2002). “Cameroon Structural Adjustment Programme II (Sap II):
Project Performance Evaluation Report (Pper)”, African Development Bank Group, 14 November: 10.

Caslin O, (2018). “Affaire Bolloré: la carte des 7 litiges portuaires du groupe français en
Afrique” 03 mai :9. (accessed June 23, 2018 at 12:05 PM). http://www.jeuneafrique.com/555804/politique/affaire-bollore-la-carte-des-7-litiges-portuaires-du-groupe-francais-en-afrique/ .

Channon J, F, (2012). “Contrôle du pouvoir. Titus Edzoa dévoile les pratiques mystiques du
sérail”,Le Messager, 6th July:6 (accessed July 10, 2018 at 18:30pm). available at

Wesley C, & Goodman A, (2007). Global Warfare: “We’re Going to Take out 7 Countries in
5Years: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan & Iran.” Global Research, 2nd March: 2 (accessed June 21, 2018 at 11:44 am). https://www.globalresearch.ca/we-re-going-to-take-out-7-countries-in-5-years-iraq-syria-lebanon-libya-somalia-sudan-iran/5166.

Cooper H, & Mashal M, (2017). “U.S. Drops ‘Mother of All Bombs’ on ISIS Caves in
Afghanistan”, The New York Times, 13th April:4. .https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/13/world/asia/moab-mother-of-all-bombs-afghanistan.html, (retrieved September 17, 2018 at 14:12).

Cox M, & Campanaro R, (2012).Introduction to international relations,International
Programmes, University of London.

Diken B, (2009). Nihilism,London & New York, Routledge.

Drahokoupil J, (2009). Globalization and the State in Central and Eastern Europe: The Politics
of foreign direct Investment, London & New York, Routledge.

Emptor C, (2008). “Glossary of Key Terms in International Relations”, Political Science 61:
Introduction to International Relations, Last updated: 27 October:17

Erdman S, L, (2018). “What is the Iran nuclear deal and why does it matter
if the U.S. withdraws?”, Cox Media Group National Content Desk, 8th May:7. available at https://www.ajc.com/news/national/what-the-iran-nuclear-deal-and-why-does-matter-the-withdraws/9583Su5XmNJGX6EoPRrXUJ/, (accessed September 26,th 2018 at 08:09AM).

Evans G, & Newnham J, (1998). The Penguin Dictionary of International Relations, New
York, Penguin Books Ltd.
Fouopi D, C, (2012). “The CFAFF Franc Devaluation and Output Growth in the Franc Zone”,
,International Journal of financial Research, January,.3(1): 44, (accessed March 18,th 2018). at available at www.sciedu.ca/ijfr, at 8:34 AM.

Friedman U, (2018). “Here’s What Trump Actually Achieved with North Korea”, The Atlantic Global: 19.
(retrieved June 21st 2018 at 12:54PM.). https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/06/trump-kim-koreasuccess/563012/,https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/issues/foreign-policy/iran-deal.

Griffiths M, & Callaghan, T, (2002). International Relations: The Key Concepts, London
&New York, Routledge.

Griffiths M, (2007). “Worldviews and IR theory: Conquest or coexistence?” in Griffiths
M, (ed.), International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century, London & New York, Routledge: 12.

Groupe the Goal, (2013). Destins Tragigues: voici comment ils ont fini, Yaounde, Cameroun,
Groupe the Goal (+237677009248), Janvier.

Human Rights Watch, (2011). “Cote d’Ivoire: imperial Justice Poses Test for Ouattara”350
Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor, New York, 6th October: 1-33, (downloaded September 17, th 2018 at 14:45 pm).available at https://www.cbsnews.com/news/french-attack-ivory-coast-strongmans-positions/,

IMF, (2018). “IMF Managing Directors”, IMF Survey Magazine, (downloaded June 22, nd
2018 2:50 PM):3 available at https://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/chron/mds.asp.

Kalondo E, (2019). “Communiqué on the end of tenure of Ambassador Arikana Chihombori-
Quao, AU Permanent Representative to Washington, DC” African Union, 15th October at
https://au.int/en/pressreleases/20191015/communique-end-tenure-ambassador-arikana-chihombori-quao-au-permanent, (accessed October 11,th 2019 at 08:39 am).

Khan S, (2010). Iran and Nuclear Weapons: Protracted conflict and proliferation, London
&New York, Routledge.

Kolb R, & Hyde R, (2008). An Introduction to the International Law of Armed Conflicts,
Portland, Hart Publishing.

Lang A, F, Jr, & Beattie A, R, (eds.) (2009).War, terrorism and Torture: Rethinking the Rules
of International Security, London & New York, Routledge.

Lanteigne M, (2009). Chinese Foreign Policy: An Introduction, London & New York,

Lesaffer R, (ed.) (2004). Peace Treaties and International Law in European History: From the
Late Middle Ages to World War One, New York, Cambridge University Press.

Levitt T, (2001). “A World of Difference”, in Malcolm Waters, Globalization, 2nd edition,
London & New York, Routledge: 11.

Lusher A, (2011). “Libya: Sarkozy and Gadaffi before they fell out’ London”, BBC World
News,19thMarch:3.athttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/libya/8393320/Libya-, at 300 pm.

Lynch C, (2011). “U.N., France strike at Ivory Coast leader’s forces”, The Washington Post,
5th April:.1-10.(accessed September 17,th 2018 at 14:45pm). https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/un-france-strike-at-ivory-coast-leaders-forces/2011/04/04/AFoZhnfC_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.8c385070cc97 , https://www.hrw.org/report/2011/10/05/they-killed-them-it-was-nothing/need-justice-cote-divoires-post-election-crimes(3), https://culanth.org/fieldsights/187-a-history-of-crisis-in-cote-d-ivoire.

McGinnis M, D, (1999). “Rent-Seeking, Redistribution and Reforms in the Governance of
Global Markets”:54. in Aseem Prakash & Jeffery A. Hart (eds.), Globalization and Governance, London & New York, Routledge.
McQuillan L, (2018). “International Monetary Fund”, Encyclopaedia Britannica, (reached June 21,st at 16:50PM):3-6. .Available at https://www.britannica.com/topic/International- Monetary-Fund,
Miller D, et al., (eds.) (2007). National Responsibility and Global Justice, New York, Oxford
University Press Inc.

Morrow A, (2004). Breaking the Curse of Willie Lynch: The Science of Slave Psychology,
Florissant (USA), rising Sun Publication.

Newman E, (2007). A Crisis of Global Institutions? : Multilateralism and International
Security, London & New York, Routledge.

Nkwi P, N, (1987).Traditional Diplomacy: A study of the inter-Chiefdom relations in the
Western Grassfields, North West Province of Cameroon, Department of Sociology,
University of Yaounde.

Oudaily, (2003). “Diplomatic window was closed as Bush issues Ultimatum to Saddam”,
Washington, The New York Times, 17th March:5. (retrieved September 17,th 2018 at 3:44pm). http://www.oudaily.com/diplomatic-window-closed-as-bush-issues-ultimatum-to-saddam/article_a513e53d-8265-5ca0-a85d-fedd74671319.html,at,

Pefok J, D, (2011). “New Wouri Bridge to Cost FCFAFF 119 Billion”, Cameroon Post online,
31stJanuary:7 (accessed June 22,nd 2018 at 17:54 PM). http://www.cameroonpostline.com/new-wouri-bridge-to-cost-fCFAFF-119-billion/by.

Rodney W, (1973). How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Bogle-L'Ouverture Publications,
London and Tanzanian Publishing House, Dar-Es-Salaam.

Scott S, V, (2010). “Whose Security is it and how much of it do we want? The US Influence
on the International Law against Maritime Terrorism”, in Natalie Klein, Joanna Mossop & Donald R. Rothwell (eds.), Maritime Security International Law and Policy Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand, London & New York: 24.

Security Council, (2003). United Nations Weapons Inspectors Report to Security Council on
Progress in Disarmament of Iraq, New York, United Nations, 7th March:1-26. (reached September 17,th 2018 at 13:38PM). available at https://www.un.org/press/en/2003/sc7682.doc.htm.

Shin, J, S, (2007). “Globalization and challenges to the developmental state: A comparison
between South Korea and Singapore”, in Jang-Sup Shin (ed.), Global Challenges and Local Responses: The East Asian Experience, London & New York, Routledge: 31

Slaughter A, M, (2011). “International Relations, Principal Theories”, in R. Wolfrum, (ed.),
Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford University Press: 7. available at www.mpepil.com, (accessed June 2, 2018 at 1:09 pm).

Vatsev V, (2018). “Russian Occupation of Crimea is a Land Grab”, Polygraph.info, September
19th:7.at https://www.polygraph.info/a/fact-check-russian-crimea-land-grab/29496991.html, (accessed October 17, 2018 at 15:07 PM).

Wamey J, (2011). “Devaluation Jitters Grip CFAFF Franc Zone”, Africa Update, December
4,15th, available at http://www.cameroonpostline.com/devaluation-jitters-grip-CFAFF-franc-zone/, (accessed March 29, 2018 at 02:38am).

Weber C, (2010). International Relations Theory: A critical introduction, 3rd edition, London
and New York, Routledge Taylors &Francis Group.

Wendt A, (2003).Social Theory of International Politics, Cambridge University Press.
West Cameroon Association, (2016). “Cooperation Agreement between France and Cameroon
Since 1959”, WCA Press Release, 30th December: 1-7, (accessed June 22, 2018 2:00pm).http://westcamassoc.org/cooperation-agreement-between-france-and-cameroon-since-1959/

Wolfowitz P, (2003). “U.S. Bars Germany, France from Iraqi Reconstruction Contracts”,
Washington, The New York Times, 10th December:1-12. (accessed September 17, 2018 at 12:50pm). at https://www.dw.com/en/us-bars-germany-france-from-iraqi-reconstruction-contracts/a-1057219,13:51,https://www.dw.com/en/us-bars-germany-france-from-iraqi-reconstruction-contracts/a-1057219.

World Trade Organisation, (2018). “The GATT years: from Havana to Marrakesh”,
Encyclopaedia Britannica 19thJun:23.(accessed June 21, 2018 at 15:50PM). available at https://www.britannica.com/topic/International-Monetary-Fund.

Wikipedia, (2012). “Presidents of the World Bank Group”, 1st July, (accessed June 22,
2018 at 16:44 PM). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_the_World_Bank_Group,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lPSEJWd5fo8, (accessed November 19, 2019 at 15:32PM.

Interview with Yongka Simon Babey, 102 years, Notable, Keyon-Oku, 26th August 2018.

Interview Mngooh Marcarious Dumse, approximately 45 years, a nchinyntok, Yaounde, 22nd
June 2018.

Interview with Mngooh Marcarious Dumse, approximately 45 years, a nchinyntok, Yaounde,
25th December 2019.

DB Error: Unknown column 'Array' in 'where clause'