• Dr. Murenga CO-AUTHOR
  • Prof. Mwangi CO-AUTHOR




Resettlement, Resettled Persons, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), Host Community, Reintegration


This study sought to investigate factors that affected integration between resettled persons and the host community in Rongai Location, Nakuru County, Kenya. The study employed purposive and stratified random sampling in selecting the sample size of 196 respondents. The study was guided by the Acculturation model which explains the conditions that need to be embraced by the host and resettled persons for effective community integration and participation in socio-economic livelihoods. The study employed a Survey Design and data was collected through interview schedules. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. According to the study, resource sharing, community trust, utilization of collective action, and dispute resolution mechanisms were all cited as important factors that could affect integration between the Host and the Resettled Persons. The study found that minimal resource sharing, low community trust, low utilization of collective action and adoption of divisive dispute resolution mechanisms all pointed to low integration between Resettled Persons and Host community. The study recommends for involvement of the hosting communities in decision making concerning resettlement and resource allocation for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the resettlement process.  The study also recommends the application of legal framework in resettlement and reintegration. This includes using the guidelines provided for in the Kenya’s National Policy on the Prevention of Internal Displacement, Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons of August 2011 and The UN Guiding Principles on Reintegration (UGPR).  

Author Biographies


Masters Student

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences

Department of Peace, Security and Social Studies

Egerton University

Dr. Murenga, CO-AUTHOR

Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)

Department of Peace Security and Social Studies

Egerton University

Prof. Mwangi, CO-AUTHOR

Senior Lecturer 

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)

Department of Peace, Security and Social Studies

Egerton University



[1]. Bakewell, O. (2000) “Repatriation and Self-settled Refugees in Zambia: Bringing Solutions to the Wrong Problems,” Journal of Refugee Studies 13 (4),pp. 356- 373.

[2]. Bascom, J. (1998) Losing Place: Refugee Populations and Rural Transformations in East Africa, Berghahn Books.

[3]. Bernstein, L. (1992). “Opting Out of the Legal System: Extralegal Contractual Relations in the Diamond Industry,” Journal of Legal Studies 21: 115–157.

[4]. Blake, R.R., Sheppard, H.A., & Mouton, J. S. (1964).Managing intergroup conflict in industry. Houston, Texas: Gulf.

[5]. Bonga, V. (1993).‘Refugees as a development resource: The case of the Mozambican Refugees in Malawi’, Refuge, Vol. 13, No. 6 (October 1993), pp. 13-15.

[6]. Bryman, A. and Cramer, D. (2001) Quantitative Data Analysis with SPSS for windows: A Guide for Social Science. New York, Routledge.

[7]. Cohen, R. and Deng, F. (eds) (1998) Masses in Flight: The Global Crisis of Internal Displacement. Washington D.C, Brookings Institution Press,

[8]. Dixon, J. (1996). “Third-Party Techniques for Preventing Conflict Escalation and Promoting Peaceful Settlements,” International Organization 50: 653-681.

[9]. Ellickson, C. (1991). Order without Law: How Neighbors Settle Disputes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

[10]. Esser, D. ‘Determinants of IDP Voice Four Cases from Sierra Leone and Afghanistan’, Working Paper No 31, 2005.
[11]. FAO. 2005. Access to rural land and land administration after violent conflicts. Land Tenure Studies N. 8.
[12]. FAO. 2013. Resilient Livelihoods – Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme. Rome.

[13]. FAO 2014. How to deal with people in post displacement-integration: The Welcoming Capacity Approach. Land and Water Division Working Paper 7
[14]. GOK. Report of the National Accord Implementation Committee on National Reconciliation and Emergency Social and Economic Recovery Strategy, April 2008.
[15]. Human Rights Focus Gulu. Elucidation of the challenges of Return in Acholiland: Learning Across lived Realities. A Research Report. Human Rights Watch, November 2008.
[16]. IFC (International Finance Corporation). (2006). “Evaluation of the PEP SE ADR Projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Macedonia.” Washington, DC.Jorquiera.

[17]. Kamungi, P.M. and J.M. Klopp. Failure to Protect: Lessons from Kenya’s IDP Net- work. Nairobi: IDP Network, 2008.
[18]. Kamungi, P. The Current Situation of Internally Displaced Persons in Kenya. Nairobi, Jesuit Refugee Service (EA), (2001).
[19]. Kibreab, G. (2001) “Displacement, Loss and Constraints on (Re)-Construction of Sustainable Livelihoods,” Paper prepared for Workshop, “Moving Targets...”Cornell University, November 2001.

[20]. Kitale, C.C.M Internal Displacement in the Kenyan Context: Challenges of Justice, Reconciliation and Resettlement. Unpublished Masters of Arts thesis in development studies Netherlands: International Institute of Social Studies, 2011.
[21]. Klopp, J.M., Githinji, P. and Karuoya, P. Internal Displacement and Local Peace building in Kenya: Challenges and Innovations, Washington DC: US Institute of Peace, 2010.
[22]. Klopp, J.M. Kenya’s Unfinished Agendas, Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 62, No. 2, 143-158, 2009.
[23]. Lara, Francisco J. Jr. and l, Champain, Phil. (2009) Inclusive Peace in Muslim Mindanao: Revisiting the Dynamics of Conflict and Exclusion. London: International Alert. Maguire, M (1997), 'Local Non-governmental Organizations: Taking Over When International Agencies Leave', Migration World, Vol. 25 (1/2) 36-41.

[24]. Muhumiza, T. Rural Refugees in Africa: What the Eye Does Not See, Disasters Vol. 3, No.4, pp.381-392, 2011.
[25]. Mwiandi, S. Moving beyond Relief: the Challenges of Settling Kenya’s internally Displaced, Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2008.
[26]. Nakuru District Development Plan, 2008-2012.
[27]. ODI. Crisis in Kenya: Land, displacement and the search for ‘durable solutions, HPG Policy Brief 31. Humanitarian. Policy Group. Overseas Development Institute, April 24, 2008.
[28]. Okuto Emily A. The Strategies of Government and Non-Governmental Actors in the Resettlement and Integration of IDPs in Eldoret, Kenya: International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice: Volume 6, No. 4 2018.
[29]. Piguet, F. and Dechasa L. Review of Voluntary Migration and Resettlement Programs up to the End of 2001’, in Alula P. and F. Piguet (ed) People, Space and the State: Migration, Resettlement and Displacement in Ethiopia, 2004.
[30]. Rahhal, S. (2001a) The Right to be Nuba :TheStory of a Sudanese People's Struggle for Survival. Lawrenceville, N.J., Red Sea Press.

[31]. Salacuse, J. W. (1993), “Implications for Practitioners.” In Culture and Negotiations.Edited by Guy Oliver Faure and Jeffery Z. Rubin. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

[32]. Suliman, M. (1999) The Nuba Mountains of Sudan: Resource access, violent conflict, and Identity. In Buckles, D. (ed.). Cultivating Peace; Conflict and Collaboration in Natural Resource Management. Accessed May 2010 http://www.sudantribune.com/IMG/doc/The_Nuba_Mountains_of_Sudan.doc

[33]. UN Habitat/GLTN 2006. Reforme Foncière. Document de Programmation.
[34]. UNHCR. 1999. Aiding Peace and War: UNHCR, Returnee Reintegration and the Relief- Development Debate. New Issues in Refugee Research, Working Paper No. 14, Center for Documentation and Research, Geneva.

[35]. Waki Report. Commission of Inquiry into Post-election Violence, (CIPEV), Nairobi, Government Printer, 2008.
[36]. Zartman, W. (2000). Traditional Cures for Modern Conflicts: African Conflict Medicine, London. Lynne Rienner Publishers.




How to Cite

MUCHERU, E. W., MURENGA, H., & Mwangi, S. W. (2020). FACTORS AFFECTING INTEGRATION OF RESETTLED PERSONS: A CASE OF RONGAI LOCATION NAKURU COUNTY, KENYA. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(10), 140–153. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.710.9052

Most read articles by the same author(s)