S. Industrial Clusters in Al-Hassan Industrial Estate Study in Economic Geography Industrial Clusters in Al-Hassan Industrial Estate

Main Article Content

safa sababhi

Abstract

The industrial estates represent the most prominent forms of support provided by the state to the industrial sector by achieving external savings that support the establishment and continuation of industries. The successive Jordanian governments seek to support the industrial sector and provide it with all forms of incentives in order to improve the growth of the Jordanian economy and providing job opportunities. Therefore, they established (6) industrial estates distributed all over the Kingdom’s governorates. However, these industrial clusters are still working within the classic classical conception of clustering, as a place for grouping industries, and were unable to switch to the concept of industrial clusters resulting from interaction and integration between industries, while the industrial clusters turned to be a development strategy leading to the growth and development of industries. So, this study aimed to find out if the industries in the Industrial City of Al-Hassan Industrial Estate managed to shift from the traditional concept of clustering to the concept of cluster, and to know the reasons preventing this transformation. The study adopted the descriptive analytical approach and the qualitative analysis of the data collected through the study tool (the questionnaire). The study concluded that the industries in Al-Hassan Industrial Estate were unable to transform into a cluster based on interaction and exchange, and the interaction between factories and the local community represented by academic institutions is at its lowest levels. Therefore, the study recommends restructuring the industrial estates and technology areas in the Kingdom to shift from the traditional role of the industrial cluster to the modern concept.

Article Details

How to Cite
sababhi, safa. (2020). S. Industrial Clusters in Al-Hassan Industrial Estate Study in Economic Geography. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(7), 686-695. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.77.8184
Section
Articles

References

1- Antonelli, C. (1999). The Evolution of the Industrial Organization of the Production of Knowledge.’ Cambridge Economic Journal 23: 243-60.
2- Aya Okada.& N. S. Siddharthan. (2007). Industrial Cluster in India; Evidence from Automobile Cluster in Chennai and the National Capital Region, Institute of Developing Economies, 60 213-234.
3- Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka and Dorothy McCormick, Industrial clusters and innovation systems in Africa: Institutions, markets and policy, United Nations University, 2007.

4- Doeringer, P.B., and Terkle. (1995) .Business Strategy and Cross- Industry Cluster.’ Economic Development Quarterly, 70 123-145
5- Mario A. Maggioni. (2015). the Rise and Fall of Industrial Clusters: Technology and the Life Cycle of Regions, Dept. of International Economics, Institutions and Development and Faculty of Political Science, Catholic University of Milan.
6- Maggioni, A. Mario. (2013). The Rise and Fall of Industrial Clusters; Technology and the Life Cycle of Regions.
7- Ketels, C.H.M. (2003). The Development of the Cluster Concept- Present Experiences and Further Developments.
8- Porter, M. (1990). The Competitive advantage of Nation. New York; Basic Books.
9- Schmitz, H., (1992). On the Clustring of Small Firms, IDS Bulletin 23 LONDON.
10- Spender, J. C. (1998). The Geographies of Strategic Competencies; Borrowing From Social and Educational Psychology to Sketch an Activity and a Knowledge- Based Theory of the Firm. ‘ In A.D. Chandler, P. Hagstrom, and O. Solvell, eds., The Dynamic Firm. Oxford; Oxford University Press.