LEGAL PROTECTION TO THE INDONESIAN MIGRANT WORKERS IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF HUMAN RIGHTS

  • Raden Muhammad Mihardi Universitas Pakuan
Keywords: Keywords: Mixed Marriage, Inheritance, Dual Citizenship. International Civil Law

Abstract

Purpose of the study: This research aims to describe legal issue related to the protection to Indonesian migrant workers who work abroad and to analyze the existence of migrant workers in Indonesia, viewed from human rights which must get legal protection in constitution and regulation of legal norm and implementation in the applicable legislation.

Methodology: This research used the normative research methodology supported by empirical data from the document of institutional study.

Main Findings: Research about the protection of human rights in Indonesian Migrant Worker sector is a certainty. It is guaranteed in the international documents (Declaration of Human Rights in the United Nations, Convention of United Nations on Ecosoc and ILO Convention) and national documents (1945 Constitution and Law of Indonesian Migrant Worker Protection). However, in the perspective of its implementation, it has complexity. The protection to Indonesian migrant workers involves many parties, central and regional rules, and culture. This research focuses on the context of Indonesian Migrant Worker protection in a country where they work from the perspective of human rights. This research has novelty since it captures and analyzes issue of Indonesian Migrant Worker in rules and empirical terms based on the database.

Applications of this study: this study can be useful for Immigration is one of the instruments to support unity of family with different nationality background.

Novelty/Originality of this study: The new in this study that may find the ideal concept of the treasury of jurisprudence, particularly for foreign citizens who legally get married with Indonesian citizens and ex-Indonesian citizens and children born from legitimate mixed marriage with double citizenship.

 

References

Tanya, Bernard L. (2010) Teori Hukum, Yogyakarta: Genta Publishing.
Davidson, Scott, (1994) Hak Asasi Manusia: Sejarah, Teori, dan Praktik Dalam Pergaulan Internasional, (terjemahan), Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti.
Hidayah, Anis, (2019) Di Balik Remitansi: Realitas Pelanggaran HAM Terhadap Buruh Migran Indonesia, Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.
Huijbers, Theo, (1982) Filsafat Hukum Dalam Lintasan Sejarah, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Filsafat, Kanisius.
Mihradi, Raden Muhammad (2017) Meneroka Relasi Hukum, Negara dan Budaya, Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.
Soekanto, Soerjono, (2016) Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
1945 Constitution of the State of the Republic of Indonesia.
Law No. 18 Year 2017 concerning Protection for Indonesian Migrant Worker.
Law No. 39 Year 2004 concerning Placement and Protection to Indonesian Migrant Workers Abroad.
Law No. 11 Year 2005 concerning Ratification of International Covenant On Economic, Social And Cultural Rights
Regional Regulations of Lampung Province Government No. 16 Year 2014 concerning Placement and Protection to Indonesian Migrant Workers in Lampung Province Abroad.
Manuscript of Convention concerning Proper Occupation for Housemaid, Conference of International Labour, No. 198 Year 2011.
Supervision Report of Regional Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia on Implementation of Law No. 39 Year 2004 concerning Placement and Protection to Indonesian Labours Abroad, Year 2016.
Work Visit Report Committee III of the Regional Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia in Supervising Implementation of Law No. 39 Year 2004 concerning Placement and Protection of Indonesian migrant workers Abroad dated February 2 - March 2, 2016.
Report of Urgent Visit for Head of Regional Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia in Inventory and Aspiration for Settlement of Illegal Indonesian Migrant Workers and E-Kad Program in Malaysia, dated 14-17 July 2017.
Report of Supervision from Regional House of Representative, Republic of Indonesia, on the Implementation of Law No. 18 Year 2017 concerning Protection to Indonesian Migrant Worker Year 2018.
https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1234306/triwulan-ii-2019-bi-rp-40-t-uang-tki-pulang-ke-tanah-air.
https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1234306/triwulan-ii-2019-bi-rp-40-t-uang-tki-pulang-ke-tanah-air.
https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20190904105135-20-427382/januari-agustus-73-pekerja-migran-ntt-yang-tewas-dipulangkan.
http://infopublik.id/kategori/nusantara/335788/provinsi-ntb-resmi-miliki-blk-luar-negeri?show.
https://nasional.kontan.co.id/news/kemnaker-targetkan-bangun-1000-blk-baru-di-2019-untuk-tekan-pengangguran.
https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2019/07/30/inilah-10-pengaduan-terbesar-terkait-penempatan-pekerja-migran-indonesia
Published
2020-03-17