Main Article Content

Jude J. Obiunu
Edmund E. Emakpor


The study investigated the influence of gender, location and parental factors on career choice of senior secondary school students in Delta and Edo States. Four research questions and four hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. A total of 1,200 students participated in the study. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to draw the sample from the two states. A self-developed instrument was used for data collection. The instrument had a test-retest reliability coefficient of 0.64. The data obtained were analysed using chi-square (x2) statistics at 0.05 alpha level. The findings revealed that there was significant relationship between gender and career choice;and between socio-economic status of parents and career choice of senior secondary school students. The study, however, showed that there was no significant relationship between parental education and career choice; and between location of schools and career choice of senior secondary school students.

Article Details

How to Cite
Obiunu, J. J., & Emakpor, E. E. (2020). INFLUENCE OF GENDER, LOCATION, AND PARENTAL FACTORS ON CAREER CHOICE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(3), 259–268.


Aswani, J. S. (2012). Some of the home environment factors that influence educational and occupational aspirations of standard eight pupils.Kenyetta University Repository
Bakare, C. G. M. (1977).Motivation for occupational preference scale. Ibadan: Psycho-Educational Research Productions.
Bleeker, M. M., & Jacobs, J. E. (2004). Achievement in Math and Science: Do Mothers' Beliefs Matter 12 Years Later? Journal of Educational Psychology, 96(1), 97-109.
Dawn, R. M. (2013). Start your career, Career planning guide. Retrieved 30th June, 2013 from
DeRidder, L. (1990). The impact of parents and parenting on career development. Comprehensive Career Development Project. Knoxville, TN. Eric Identifier:ED 325 769. Retrieved from
Evans, G. W. (2006).Child Development and Physical Environment. Annual Review ofPsychology, 57, 423-451.
Gettings, C. (2012). Difference between career and vocation. Retrieved 23rd June, 2013 from is the difference between career and vocation//.
Khattri, N., Riley, K. W., & Kane, M. B. (1997). Students at risk in poor, rural areas: A review of the research. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 13(2), 79-100.
Kibera, L. W. (2012). Career aspirations and expectations of secondary school students of the 84-4 system of education in Kiambu, Kajiado and Machakos Districts, Kenya. Unpublished Master’s thesis Kenyatta University.
Lankard, B. A. (1995). Family role in career development. ERIC Digest No. 164. ERIC/ACVE.(ED 389 878).
Mapfumo, J., Chireshe, R., &Munhuweyi, P. (2002).Career Perceptions and Visions of Boys and Girls in Secondary Schools in Zimbabwe: Some Implications for Teachers and Parents. University of Zimbabwe Institutional Repository.
McQuaid, R.,& Bond, S. (2003). Gender stereotyping of career choice. Retrieved 2nd July, 2013 from
Megan, B.(2015).Occupational Exposure for Students in Rural and Isolated Communities.National Career Development Association (NCDA) Broken Arrow, OK. USA.
Mortimer, J. (1992). Influences on adolescents’ vocational development. Berkeley, CA: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, (ED 352 555).
Owuamanam, D. O.(1983). Relationship Between Academic Motivation and Occupational Aspiration of Nigerian Adolescents. Adolescence, 18(70), 441-447.
Pilot, M., & Regis, C. (2012). Socio-demographic Factors Influencing Career Decision-making among Undergraduate Psychology Students in South Africa. Journal of Social Science,31(2), 167-176.
Popoola, S. O. (2004). Career and other factors influencing post - secondary Decisions; Survey of High School Students in Alberta, Canada. The High School Journal, 12, 267-275.
Powers, J. (2013). What is a career choice. Retrieved 22nd June, 2013 from
Wattles, D. W. (2009). The science of getting rich. Retrieved 2nd July, 2013 from
Williams, E. (2016). The Effect of Parents on an Adolescent's Choice of Career. Retrieved 17th January, 2016 from