Risking development by prioritizing the possession of firearms in Brazil: development is not achieved by arming the population!
The information in this article problematizes and broadens the debate on the importance of science to the development of Brazil, which is currently in crisis due to cuts in research investments in the country, making it impossible for scientists to continue carrying out ground-breaking research. We argue that this is due to two main factors: the approval of the Constitutional Amendment Project no. 55/2016, popularly known as the “death PEC,” which freezes public investments for twenty years and heightens the precariousness of education, health, science, security, and other sectors key to the country’s development along with the lack of interest in investing in national science by President Jair Bolsonaro who, among other things, prioritizes the possession of firearms as well as relaxation in the control of pesticides, which can further increase deforestation and deteriorate Brazil’s environment. The development of a nation is dependent on many factors such as investment in health, education, public safety as well as science, technology, and innovation. Although Brazil is a country with enormous potential for economic development and international research, these areas have been neglected by the current government. This article analyzes the possession of firearms in Brazil as a means of inhibiting the country’s development. It concludes that investing in the above-mentioned areas can reduce violence and poverty among other problems that are present in countries where governments invest little in such crucial sectors.
2. Brazil. 2003. Disarmament Statute. Law No. 10,826, dated December 22, 2003. Provides for the registration, possession and commercialization of firearms and ammunition, on the National System of Weapons - Sinarm, defines crimes and provides other measures. Retrieved from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/LEIS/2003/L10.826.htm (Accessed on: May 18th, 2019).
3. Brazil. 2016. Constitutional Amendment n. 95 of December 15, 2016. It amends the Transitory Constitutional Provisions Act, to establish the New Tax Regime, and provides other measures. Brasília: Câmara dos Deputados. Retrieved from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/Constituicao/Emendas/Emc/emc95.htm (Accessed on: May 23th, 2019.)
4. Brazil. 2019. Decree no. 9,685, dated January 15, 2019. Changes Decree No. 5,123, dated July 1, 2004, which regulates Law No. 10,826, dated December 22, 2003, which provides for the registration, possession and sale of firearms and ammunition, on the National System of Arms - SINARM and defines crimes. Retrieved from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2019-2022/2019/Decreto/D9685.htm (Accessed on: May 20th, 2019).
5. Editorial. 2018. Brazil’s new president adds to global threat to science. Nature 563: 5-6, DOI: 10.1038/d41586-018-07236-w
6. Fantástico. 2019. Understand the step by step of the Suzano school attack with exclusive images. Retrieved from: https://g1.globo.com/fantastico/noticia/2019/03/17/entenda-o-passo-a-passo-do-ataque-em-escola-de-suzano-com-imagens-exclusivas.ghtml (Accessed on: May 15th, 2019).
7. IMPA. 2019. Institute of Pure and Applied Mathematics. Prize for Women in Science is with open enrollment. Retrieved from: https://impa.br/page-noticias/premio-para-mulheres-na-ciencia-esta-com-as-inscricoes-abertas/ (Accessed on: May 20th, 2019).
8. Institute for Applied Economic Research. 2018. Retrieved from: http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/relatorio_institucional/180604_atlas_da_violencia_2018.pdf (Accessed on: May 21th, 2019.)
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