Challenges of Women Agricultural Laborers in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
Still now agriculture is the biggest source of employment in Bangladesh. It provides employment for 63 percent of the population. Not only men, but also women are a big part in this sector. But in the system of male-dominated society, women have always been deprived of social barriers and discrimination. The objectives of this study is to find out what kind of work related problems the women agricultural laborers have to face. and also to identify and discuss about some factors impacting on women’s wage rate in the survey area. This survey has been conducted in 14 villages from 3 districts which are situated in the northern part in Bangladesh by questionnaire method in 2018 Total 300 respondents have been interviewed during the survey time. After getting data, it has analyzed statistically by using STATA software. The results states, women get into many problems while getting work and going to work. There is significant inequality between men and women in terms of wages. They are being deprived of their fair wage rate even though they do the same work as men. The working environment is not also in their favor. At work, they are often mistreated by their male colleagues or even by the landlords which is considered as a barrier to take participation in their work.
2. Bangladesh Statistical Year Book 2016.
3. Charlesworth, N. (1985). Peasants and Imperial Rule: agriculture and agrarian society in the Bombay Presidency. Cambridge University Press.
4. CSRL’s (Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods) report in 2016.
5. Damisa, M.A., Samndi, R. and Yohana, M. (2007). Women participation in Agricultural Production: A Probit Analysis. Journal of Applied sciences 7(3): 412-416.
6. Daily Prothom Alo, 21 May, 2017.
7. Haque, S., Khan, S.M. and Joshi, D. (2012). Poverty-gender-agriculture nexus in the northern region of Bangladesh: Challenges and Opportunities. CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE).
9. Jiam, W.M.H. and Hossain, M. (2011). Women’s Participation in Agriculture in Bangladesh 1988-2008: Changes and Determinants. Paper presented in the pre-conference event on “Dynamics of Rural Livelihoods and Poverty in South Asia”, 7th Asian Society of Agricultural Economists (ASAE) International Conference Hanoi, Vietnam, October 12, 2011.
10. Mondal, M. (2013). The Role of Rural Women in Agriculture Sector of Sagar Island, West Bengal, India. The International Journal of Engineering and Science (Ijes). Volume 2:81-86.
11. Ullah, M.S., (2016). Agriculture laborers of Bangladesh: Entrapped in unviable production relations, FNV Mondiaal Netherlands Trade Union Confederation.
12. Kalam, S.M.I. and Amin, M.M. (2016). Trends of Women’s Participation in Economic Activity of Bangladesh: Status and Disparity. European Scientific Journal.Vol.12:55-58.
13. Rahman, S. (2010). Women’s Labour Contribution to Productivity and Efﬁciency in Agriculture: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh, Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 61, No. 2:318-342.
14. N. Chowdhury, M. H. A. Rashid, S. A. and Sultan, A. (2009). Participation of Rural Women in Farm and Non-Farm Activities: An Economic Analysis. Progressive. Agriculture. 20(1 & 2):245 – 251.
15. Rahman, M.M. (2009) An Econometric Model of Agricultural Wages in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Development Studies, Vol XXXII, No.3:59-88.
16. Swamikannan, D and Jeyalakshmi, C (2015), Women Labour in Agriculture in India: Some Facets, International Journal Business and Economics research, Volume: 1. No 2:22-28.
Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.