ROLE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN MANAGING FLOODS PROJECTS

  • MUSHTAQ AHMAD Tenaga Nasional University Malaysia
Keywords: Climate Change, Disaster Management, Indigenous knowledge, Climate change, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)

Abstract

Climate change is increasing the frequency of disasters in the world. Accordingly, disaster management strategies are also changing. The UN has focused on acknowledging the Indigenous Knowledge in disaster management strategies. In this study, the village Khursheed in District Sargodha has been focused due to facing frequent floods since decades. They have developed some methods to counter floods. The study was qualitative containing three focus group discussions and thirty interviews, reveals that villagers have devised their own flood forecast and early warning systems. The indigenous methods of constructions of buildings and agricultural techniques have rendered the village more resilient. The elevated spiritual level has enhanced their immune system to face floods. The government needs to devise local level disaster management strategies which should incorporate indigenous and modern knowledge.

References

Abid, M., A.Schneider, U., & JürgenScheffran. 2016(a). Adaptation to climate change and its impacts on food productivity and crop income: Perspectives of farmers in rural Pakistan. Journal of Rural Studies, vol 47, 254-266.

Abid, M., Scheffran, J., Schneider, U. A., & Ashfaq, M. (2016)(b). Farmers’ perceptions of and adaptation strategies to climate change and their determinants: the case of Punjab province, Pakistan. Earth Sciences Dynamic, vol 6, 225-243.


Abid, M., Schilling, J., Scheffran, J., & Zulfiqar, F. (2016). Climate change vulnerability, adaptation and risk perceptions at farm level in Punjab, Pakistan. Science of The Total Environment, Volume 547, 447-460.

Ali, K., & Bajracharyar, R. M. (2017). Advances and Challenges in Flash Flood Risk Assessment: A Review. Journal of Geography & Natural Disasters, 2-8.

Batool, Z. (2017). Flood Frequency Analysis of Stream Flow in Pakistan Using LMoments. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, Volume3, Issue4, 136-143.

Butt, A., Khan, A., & Ahmad, S. S. (2015). Evaluation of increasing susceptibility of areas surrounding Kala Bagh Dam, Pakistan to flood risk: A review. Middle East Journal Of Business - Volume 10, Issue 2, 27-33.

Cheeseman, J. (2016). 7 – Food Security in the Face of Salinity, Drought, Climate Change, and Population Growth. Halophytes for Food Security in Dry Lands , 111–123.

Cheong, J., Kwak, D., & HaishanYuanb. (2017). Trade to aid: EU's temporary tariff waivers for flood-hit Pakistan. Journal of Development Economics Volume 125, 70-88.

Ganchi, Shakoor, Thaver, Khan, M., & Janjua, A. (2016). Current situation and challenges in implementing Malaria control strategies in Pakistan. Journal Critical Reviews in Microbiology Volume 42, Issue 4, 23-45.

Hassan, G., & Hassan, F. (2017). Sustainable use of groundwater for irrigated agriculture: A case study of Punjab, Pakistan. European Water 57, 475-480.

Jabeen,A.,Huang, X., & Aamir, M. (2015). http://file.scirp.org/pdf/JWARP_2015123113503659.pdfThe Challenges of Water Pollution, Threat to Public Health, Flaws of Water Laws and Policies in Pakistan. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 1516-1526.

Khan, M. A., Khan, J. A., Ali, Z., Ahmad, I., & Ahmad, M. N. (2016). The challenge of climate change and policy response in Pakistan. Environmental Earth Sciences, 211-224.

Kumbhar, A. S., Magsi, H., Kumbhar, M. I., & Rind, Z. K. (2018). Status of Population Growth and Food Sustainability in Pakistan. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Volume 11, Issue 16, 211-223.

Mahmood, A. (2017). Flood Hazard Mapping in Integrated Flood Risk Management: Importance and

Problems Associated to Pakistan. Pakistan: National University of Science and Technology .

Main, M. A., Saleh, A. J., Weshahi, Y. A., Gerd-Rüdiger, Maurizio, B., Flood, C. J., . . . Kvien, T. K. (2015). The global challenges and opportunities in the practice of rheumatology: White paper by the World Forum on Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases. Clinical Rheumatology , Volume 34, Issue 5, 819–829.


Memon, A. H., Ghanghro, A. B., Jahangir, T. M., Younis, M., & Lund, G. M. (2016). During and Post Flood Health Impacts of Dissolved Metals on Adjacent Area of Manchur Lake, District Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. Biomedical Letters, Volume 2 , Issue 1, 38-45.
Mohamed I. K., Razali S. & Mushtaq A. (2019). Impacts of change management on risk and cost management of a construction projects. Journal of Project Management 4 (2019) 157–164.
Munir, B. A., & Iqbal, J. (2016). Flash flood water management practices in Dera Ghazi Khan City (Pakistan): a remote sensing and GIS prospective. Natural Hazards, Volume 81, Issue 2, 1303-1321.
Mushtaq A. Salmia B. Zarina I. & Firas B. I. A. (2019). State of the Art Compendium of Macro and Micro Energies. Advances in Science and Technology Research Journal. Volume 13, Issue 1, March 2019, pages 88–109.
Qasim, M., Siddiqua, A., Sadef, Y., Bashir, A., Khalid, M., Naveed, M., Ali, S. ( 2017 ). Climate Change: Potential Health Effects on Vulnerable Population & Malnutrition Food Security Challenges: A Case Study of Shakargarh. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 7(10), 180-188.
Qasim, S., Qasim, M., Shrestha, R. P., & Khan, A. N. (2017). An assessment of flood vulnerability in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province. Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 206-216.

Raza, H., Ahmed, F., Mohiuddin, Z. A., & Osama, A. (2017). Mitigating Financial Burden of Elderly through Social Protection Schemes: Issues and Challenges for Pakistan. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 2, 81-89.

RehmanTariq, M. A., & Giesen, N. d. (2012). Floods and flood management in Pakistan. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C Volumes 47–48, 11-20.

S.Chaudhury, A., J.Ventresca, M., F.Thornton, T., Helfgott, A., Sov, C., Barald, P., . . . Ligthart, J. (2016). Emerging meta-organisations and adaptation to global climate change: Evidence from implementing adaptation in Nepal, Pakistan and Ghana. Global Environmental Change Volume 38, 243-257.

Shah, M., Rahman, A., & Chowdhury, S. (2015). Challenges for achieving sustainable flood risk management. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 352-359.

Shakir, A. S., Rehman, H. -u., & Ehsan, S. (2010). Climate Change Impact On River Flows In Chitral Watershed. Pakistan Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12-23.

Zaheer, M., Ahmad, Z., & Shahab, A. (2016). Hydrological Modeling and Characterization of the Khanpur Watershed, Pakistan. American Water Works Association, 262-269.

Zarmina, & Zarmina, N. (2014). Flood Management System In Pakistan. Pakistan: National University of Science and Technology.
Published
2019-09-23