Opioid Use in the United States

  • Paul D Berger Bentley University
Keywords: Opioid use, general drug use, multiple binary logistic regression analysis, cluster analysis

Abstract

Our paper focuses on studying drivers of individual drug user relapse as well as broader systematic drug use patterns across states in the United States of America. For this study, two datasets were used; the first is a subset of the survey results from Dr. Miriam Boeri’s co-authored study, “Older Drug Users: A Life Course Study of Turning Points in Drug Use [in a large Southeastern Metropolitan Area], 2009-2010”. The dataset included variables such as the gender, race, education level, the age at which the respondents moved away from their guardian’s home, and the age at which the respondent filled the survey. With this dataset, a logistic regression analysis is preformed to identify factors that may be associated with drug relapse. We found that the only “somewhat important” factor, as compared to all the factors studied, seemed to be “the current age of the respondent when they interviewed.”

The second dataset is composed of variables such as the state-wise population density, GDP, median household income, opioid prescription rate, death rate due to overuse of opioids, alcohol consumption rate, death rate due to alcohol overuse, death rate due to drug overuse, suicide death rate, and education attainment level across the United States.

           

 

Author Biography

Paul D Berger, Bentley University
Professor, Marketing Department

References

Boeri, Miriam, and Whalen, Thor. Older Drug Users: A Life Course Study of Turning Points in Drug Use [in a large Southeastern Metropolitan Area], 2009-2010 (2012). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-07-31. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34296.v1

CDCP contributor. (2015, January 6). Alcohol Poisoning Deaths infographic. Retrieved on December 07, 2018, from https://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/alcohol-poisoning-deaths/infographic.html#infographic

CDCP contributor. (2018, March 28). Alcohol and Public Health. Retrieved on December 06, 2018, from https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/data-stats.htm

CDCP contributors. (2017, July 31). U.S. State Prescribing Rates, 2016. Retrieved on December 06, 2018, from https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/maps/rxstate2016.html

CDCP contributors. (2018, January 10). Drug Overdose Mortality by State. Retrieved on December 06, 2018, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/sosmap/drug_poisoning_mortality/drug_poisoning.htm

CDCP contributors. (2018, January 11). Suicide Mortality by State. Retrieved on December 06, 2018, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/sosmap/suicide-mortality/suicide.htm

Drug Aware. (2018). What is a drug?. Retrieved on December 13, 2018 from https://drugaware.com.au/getting-the-facts/faqs-ask-a-question/what-are-drugs/#what-is-a-drug

Guzman, Gloria G. “Household Income: 2016”. U.S. Department of Commerce. (2017). Census.gov. Web. Retrieved on December 07, 2018, from https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2017/acs/acsbr16-02.pdf

Haughwout, Sarah P. and Slater, Megan E. (2018). Apparent Per Capita Alcohol Consumption: National, State, And Regional Trends, 1977–2016. Retrieved on December 6, 2018, from https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance110/CONS16.pdf

International Narcotics Control Board. (2013). Annual Reports: Chapter 1 (Pg. 3). Retrieved on December 14 from https://www.incb.org/documents/Publications/AnnualReports/Thematic_chapters/English/AR_2013_E_Chapter_I.pdf

Missouri DHSS contributor. (). Age-Adjusted Rate. Retrieved on December 13, 2018 from https://health.mo.gov/data/mica/CDP_MICA/AARate.html

NIDA. (2018). Opioids. Retrieved on 2018, December 13 from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids

NIDA. (2018, February). Opioid Summaries by State. Retrieved on December 06, 2018, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids/opioid-summaries-by-state

Statista contributor. (2018, April). Alcohol consumption per capita from all beverages in the U.S. in 2016, by state (in gallons of ethanol). Retrieved on December 07, 2018, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/442848/per-capita-alcohol-consumption-of-all-beverages-in-the-us-by-state/

WalletHub contributor. (2018, January 2018). 2018’s Most & Least Educated States in America. Retrieved on December 13, 2018 from https://wallethub.com/edu/most-educated-states/31075/

Wikipedia contributors. (2018, November 16). List of U.S. states and territories by area. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 23:29, December 6, 2018, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_U.S._states_and_territories_by_area&oldid=869038675

Wikipedia contributors. (2018, October 11). List of U.S. states and territories by GDP. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:20, December 7, 2018, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_U.S._states_and_territories_by_GDP&oldid=863472848

Published
2019-05-27