Political Behavior Typology of Students As First-Time Voters


  • Roland Lami European University of Tirana
  • Adela Danaj European University of Tirana




Political behavior, Parents, Peers, Socialization, Online social networks, Political parties.


The study of political behavior is a fundamental issue for the analysis of democratic systems, since it derives the choice of government. This is why many researchers have paid a particular attention to the behavior of the first-time voters. During these years a number of studies have been undertaken to identify potential variables that influence the behavior of the electorate. The role of parents, friends, teachers, school programms, during adolescence and online social network, are ordered as key factors from recent research. For transition democracy countries, like Albania is, case studies regarding voting behavior have been limited. Therefore, given the fact, a study to understand the influence of explanatory variables in political behavior of first Albanian voters— was conducted. The study involved about 280 questionnaires and the survey was realized in a period of 4 days. The survey was conducted in six universities in Tirana, such as: European University of Tirana, Epoka University; Beder University; Tirana University; Faculty of Social Sciences; University of Medicine in Tirana. The data obtained from the study, confirmed the thesis that the political orientation of the first voters in suburban areas, affects more family than friends, while in metropolitan influences more group and online social networks than family.

Author Biographies

Roland Lami, European University of Tirana

Deparment of Applied Social Sciences

Adela Danaj, European University of Tirana

Applied Social Sciences


Andolina, Molly W., Krista Jenkins, Cliff Zukin, and Scott Keeter. Habits from Home,Lessons from School: Influences on Youth Civic Development. PS: Political Science and Politics, 2003

Beck, Paul and M. Kent Jennings, Pathways to Participation, The American Political Science Review, 1982.

Beck, Paul and M. Kent Jennings. Pathways to Participation. The American Political Science Review, 1982

Becker, T., Slaton, D.Ch. The Future of Teledemocracy, London: PRAEGER, 2002

Buckingham, D. (ed.), Youth, Identity and Digital Media, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2007

Conger, J. J. “Adolescence and youth”, Harper & Row, New York, 1973

Couldry, N. Media, Shoqeria, Bota: Teoria sociale dhe praktika e medias digjitale, ISHM, Tiranw, Shqipwri, 2013. Albanian

Dawson, R. E. and K. Prewitt Political Socialization. Boston: Little Brown, 1969

Easton, D. and J. Dennis. Children and the Political System: Origins of Political Legitimacy, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969

Hartup, W. W. The peer context in middle childhood In Collins, W. A. (Ed.). Development during middle childhood: The years from six to twelve. National Academy Press, Washington, D. C, 1983.

Jaime Settle Jaime, Bond Robert, The Effects of Social Integration within Adolescent Friendship Networks on Adult Political Behavior, University of California, San Diego

Marsh, D., O’Toole, T. & Jones, S. Young People and Politics in the UK: Apathy or Alienation?, Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2007

McIntosh, H., D. Hart, and J. Youniss. The Influence of Family Political Discussion on Youth Civic Development: Which Parent Qualities Matter? July 2007

Meirick, P. and Wackman, D. Kids Voting and Political Knowledge: Narrowing Gaps, Informing Votes. Social Science Quarterly, 2004

Merelman. The Family and Political Socialization: Toward a Theory of Exchange. The Journal of Politics, 1980

Milburn, M. A & Conrad, S. D. Persuasion and politics: The social psychology of public opinion. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks-Cole/Wadsworth, 1995

Rahn, Wendy and John Transue. Social Trust and Value Change: The Decline of Social Capital in American Youth, 1976-1995. Political Psychology, 1998

Saha M, Adams ML, Nelson SC. Review of digit fusion in the mouse embryo. J Embryol Exp Morphol. 2009;49(3): (In press).

Saraceno, Chiara: Mutamenti della famiglia e politiche sociali in Italia, Il Mulino, Bologna 1998.

Sherrod, L and C. Flanagan. Dimensions of Citizenship and Opportunities for Youth Development: The What, Why, When, Where, and Who of Citizenship Development. Applied Developmental Science, 2011

Smith, Elizabeth. The Effects of Investments in the Social Capital of Youth on Political and Civic Behavior in Young Adulthood: A Longitudinal Analysis. Political Psychology, 1999

Stewart, A., & Healy, J. M. Linking individual development and social changes. American Psychologist, 1989

Torney-Purta, J The school's role in developing civic engagement: A study of adolescents in twenty-eight countries. Applied Developmental Science, 2002

Young People and Politics: Political Engagement in the Anglo-American Democracies. Aaron J. Martin. Routledge. May 2012.

Youniss, James and Miranda Yates. Community Service and Social Responsibility in Yout, The University of Chicago Press, 1997

Reference to a book:

David G. Myers, Socialpsikologjia, Uegen, Tiranë, Shqipëri, 2003. Albanian

Denquin Jean- Marie. Hyrje në Shkencat Politik, UET Press, Tiranë, Shqipëri, 2001. Albanian

Dewey, John. Shkolla dhe shoqëria, Plejad, Tiranë, Shqipëri, 2003. Albanian




How to Cite

Lami, R., & Danaj, A. (2014). Political Behavior Typology of Students As First-Time Voters. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 1(5), 213–221. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.15.493