EnGENDERing One Health and addressing gender gaps in Infectious disease control and response: Developing a Gender, One Health and Emerging Pandemics threat short course for the public health workforce in Africa.

Main Article Content

Janetrix Hellen Amuguni
Anthony Mugisha
Elizabeth Kyewalabye
Brigitte Bagnol
Roberta Talmage
Winnie Bikaako
Irene Naigaga


Most capacity building efforts to investigate and counter emerging infectious diseases have focused on supporting public health agencies. However, to improve the understanding of the epidemiology, and outcome of diseases, aid in their detection and treatment and increase public participation in prevention and control, gender roles must be considered. Gender plays a significant role in shaping infectious disease response. In the most recent Ebola Outbreak in the West African region, glaring gender disparities were apparent as Ebola spread through nations decimating families. Policy implementers, practitioners and researchers were slow to recognize the gender implications, ask why, and build responses accordingly. A report that examined the avian influenza crisis in South East Asia in 2008 concluded that women were clearly in the frontline defense against the disease both as caretakers of the poultry and the families, and yet strategies to combat avian influenza did not consider their roles and potential contribution to the prevention and response.   

Makerere University, Uganda with the support of Tufts University developed a Gender, One Health and Infectious Disease short course that allows public health specialists to address gender gaps, and explore how gender, the realm of emerging pandemic threats and One Health intersect and how policies can be developed and/or implemented to address those gaps. The week long short course targets in service personnel in multiple disciplines, the private sector, faculty and students from OHCEA institutions and Africa. The course themes apply gender analysis tools to disease surveillance, response, and control and address gender sensitive emergency response planning.

Article Details

How to Cite
Amuguni, J. H., Mugisha, A., Kyewalabye, E., Bagnol, B., Talmage, R., Bikaako, W., & Naigaga, I. (2018). EnGENDERing One Health and addressing gender gaps in Infectious disease control and response: Developing a Gender, One Health and Emerging Pandemics threat short course for the public health workforce in Africa. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 5(5). https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.55.4640
Author Biographies

Janetrix Hellen Amuguni, Tufts University, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine

Assistant Professor, Department of Infectious Disease and Global Health

Anthony Mugisha, Makerere University

School of Veterinary Medicine

Brigitte Bagnol, University of Witwatersrand and Tufts University, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine

Anthropology, Department of Infectious Diseases and Global Health at Tufts

Winnie Bikaako, One Health Central and Eastern Africa (OHCEA)

Research and Training


Kathleen A. Alexander , Claire E. Sanderson, Madav Marathe, Bryan L. Lewis, Caitlin M. Rivers, Jeffrey Shaman, John M. Drake, Eric Lofgren, Virginia M. Dato, Marisa C. Eisenberg, Stephen Eubank: What Factors Might Have Led to the Emergence of Ebola in West Africa? PLOS June 4, 2015 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003652

Vlassof carol: Gender differences in determinants and consequences of Health and Illness. J. Health Population Nutrition 2007 Mar 25 (1) 47-61

Carnes M1, Devine PG, Manwell LB, Byars-Winston A, Fine E, Ford CE, Forscher P, Isaac C, Kaatz A, Magua W, Palta M, Sheridan J. The Effect of an Intervention to Break the Gender Bias Habit for Faculty at One Institution: A Cluster Randomized, Controlled Trial. Acad med 2014, November 4 (Epub head of publication)

V. Govender and L. Penn Kekana. Gender biases and discrimination: a Review of Health Care Interpersonal Interactions; Global Public Health 3, 2008 (suppl.1) 90-103

WHO Taking sex and gender into account in emerging infectious disease programmes: an analytical framework (http://www.wpro.who.int/topics/gender_issues/Takingsexandgenderintoaccount.pdf)

Bagnol, B., Alders, R. and McConchie, R. 2015. Gender Issues in Human, Animal and Plant Health using an Ecohealth Perspective. Environment and Natural Resources Research 5(1):62-76;

Velasco E, Dieleman E, Supakankuti S, Thi Mai Phuong, T. Study on the gender aspects of the avian influenza crisis in South East Asia- Final report June 2008, European Commission.

Snow, R.C. Sex, gender, and vulnerability. Global Public Health, 3, 2008 (Suppl. 1): 58–74.

Integrating Gender Perspectives in the work of WHO. WHO Gender Policy .2002

Gender equality and female Empowerment: USAID gender policy 2012


OHCEA strategic plan and vision: empowering Generations: ohcea.org/sites/default/files/downloads/OHCEA Strategic Plan- Summarized.pdf

Theobald, S., Nhlema Simwaka, B. and Klugman, B. Gender, Health and Development III: Engendering Health Research. Progress in Development Studies, 2006. 6: 1–5

Östlin, P., Sen, G. and George, A. 2004. Paying Attention to Gender and Poverty in Health Research: Content and Process Issues. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 82: 740–745.