Main Article Content
Background: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is fundamental to the development of each child’s full human potential. A child who has adequate nutrition performs better in school, grows into a healthy adult and in turn gives his/her children a better start in life. However, for a child to have an adequate nutrition basically depends on the feeding practices offered by mothers or care-takers (UNICEF, 2007). SDG 2 is targeted at improving nutrition, ending hunger and achieving food security. Objective: To determine the influence of feeding practices on nutritional status of children under two years in Heliwa District, Mogadishu, Somalia 2016. Methodology: Community-based cross sectional study design. Data were collected by using pretested questionnaires. A total of 403 mothers and their children were included in the study. A systematic random sampling and simple random sampling were used to select the households to participate and starting household respectively. Data were captured using EpiData-3.0, excel and ENA, analysed with STATA-12. Univariate and bivariate analysis were carried out to see significant association, a P-value <0.05 was considered as significant association. Results: The prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting were 30.7%, 27.5% and 28.5% respectively. Children whose fathers were unemployed were 2 times more likely to develop wasting than employed (OR 2.0, 95%CI 1.42-2.88). Furthermore, children who were introduced complementary foods late after six months were more likely to develop underweight and wasting [(OR 1.59 95%CI 1.22-2.92) and (OR 1.40 95%CI 1.09-2.43)] respectively. Conclusion and recommendation: There was high prevalence of malnutrition (wasting, stunting and underweight) among children less than 2 years in the district. There is a need for intervention programs. Midwives and nurses should encourage mothers to initiate breastfeeding in the first hour after delivery.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.