Bullying versus creativity: Mutually exclusive workplace behaviors


  • George Smith City University of New York




Workplace bullying, health issues, applied creativity


Applied creativity relies on workers who trust the environment and feel confident in making uncustomary strides to solve everyday problems. However, when employees face workplace bullying, the opportunity for true creativity is compromised as the brain is thrown into a flight or fight response, instead of a state that allows for creativity. Hence, this essay will discuss the behavioral response and brain damage experienced by the targets of workplace bullying.  Recent studies show that true damage to the brain occurs for those dealing with intense stress on the job; in addition, damage to the organization occurs as well. Therefore, this essay reflects on how the creative process, which is needed in tough economic times, is truly compromised by workplace bullying.

Author Biography

George Smith, City University of New York

George Smith is a former graduate student with research interests in management and organizational leadership.


Amabile, T. M. (1983). The social psychology of creativity: A componential conceptualization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 357-376.

Anderson, L. (2006). Building confidence in creativity: MBA students. Marketing Education Review, 16(1), 91-96.

Barczak, G., Lassk, F., & Mulki, J. (2010). Antecedents of Team Creativity: An examination of team emotional intelligence, team trust and collaborative culture. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19 (4).

Bates, M. (2015). Bullying and the Brain. Brainfacts.org. Retrieved from http://www.brainfacts.org/in-society/in-society/articles/2015/bullying-and-the-brain/

Bernard, A. (2017). The Black Family: A generational Casualty of War. European Journal of Academic Essays, 4 (3). 82-86.

Bjugstad, K., Thach, E. C., Thompson, K. J., & Morris, A. (2006). A fresh look at followership: A model for matching followership and leadership styles. Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 7(3), 304.

Bliss, W. (2012). Cost of employee turnover. Small Business Advisor. Retrieved August 11, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.isquare.com/turnover.cfm

Burke, A. R., & Miczek, K. A. (2014). Stress in adolescence and drugs of abuse in rodent models: Role of dopamine, CRF, and HPA axis. Psychopharmacology, 231(8), 1557–1580.


Ciardi, J. (1956, December). What every writer must learn. Saturday Review, 7-8, 37-39.

Einarsen, S., & Nielsen, M. B. (2015). Workplace bullying as an antecedent of mental health problems: a five-year prospective and representative study. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 88(2), 131.

Eriksen, T. L. M., Hogh, A., & Hansen, Å. M. (2016). Long-term consequences of workplace bullying on sickness absence. Labour Economics, 43, 129-150.

Fapohunda, T. M. (2013). Managing Workplace Bullying. Journal of Human Resource Management. 1(3) pp. 39-47. doi: 10.11648/j.jhrm.20130103.11

Hodgins, M., MacCurtain, S., & Mannix-McNamara, P. (2014). Workplace bullying and incivility: a systematic review of interventions. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 7(1), 54-72.

Hoel, H., Glasø, L., Hetland, J., Cooper, C. L., & Einarsen, S. (2010). Leadership styles as predictors of self‐reported and observed workplace bullying. British Journal of Management, 21(2), 453-468.

Hollis, L. P. (1998). Equal opportunity for student-athletes: Factors influencing student-athlete graduation rates in higher education (Doctoral dissertation, Boston University).

Hollis, L. P. (2016). Bruising the Bottom Line: Cost of Workplace Bullying and the Compromised Access for Underrepresented Community College Employees. In The Coercive Community College: Bullying and its Costly Impact on the Mission to Serve Underrepresented Populations (pp. 1-26). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Hollis, L. P. (2016a). Canary in the mine: Ombuds as first alert for workplace bullying on campus. Journal of the International Ombudsman Association, 9 (1). 23-31.

Hollis, L. P. (2016b). Socially Dominated: The Racialized and Gendered Positionality of Those Precluded from Bullying. In The Coercive Community College: Bullying and its Costly Impact on the Mission to Serve Underrepresented Populations (pp. 103-112). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Hollis, L. P. (2016c). The Importance of Professor Civility in a Computer-Based Open-Access Environment for a Minority-Serving Institution. In The Coercive Community College: Bullying and its Costly Impact on the Mission to Serve Underrepresented Populations (pp. 65-82). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Hollis, L. P. (2016d). Cybershaming–Technology, Cyberbullying, and the Application to People of Color. In The Coercive Community College: Bullying and its Costly Impact on the Mission to Serve Underrepresented Populations. (pp. 125-135). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Jaymes, M. (2017). The practical and theoretical underpinning for college students amidst diverse intersectionality. British Journal of Education, 5(6). 66-73.

Jurnak, M. (2010). The cost of losing good employees. New Hampshire Business Review, 32(1).

Lencioni, P. (2006). The five dysfunctions of a team. John Wiley & Sons.

Lunsford, D. A. (1990). Developing creative problem solving skills in marketing case analysis. Marketing Education Review, 1(3), 62-69.

Marciano, P. (2010). Carrots and sticks don't work: build a culture of employee engagement with the principles of respect. McGraw Hill Professional.

Mumford, M. & Gastafsaon, S. (1998). Creativity Syndrome: intergration, application and innovation. Psychology Bulletin. 103.

Nielsen, M. B., Indregard, A. M. R., & Øverland, S. (2016). Workplace bullying and sickness absence: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the research literature. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 42(5), 359-370.

Peng, Y. C., Chen, L. J., Chang, C. C., & Zhuang, W. L. (2016). Workplace bullying and workplace deviance: The mediating effect of emotional exhaustion and the moderating effect of core self-evaluations. Employee Relations, 38(5), 755-769.

Rousseau, M. B., Eddleston, K. A., Patel, P. C., & Kellermanns, F. W. (2014). Organizational Resources and Demands Influence on Workplace Bullying. Journal of Managerial Issues, 26(3), 286.

Titus, P. A. (2000). Marketing and the creative problem-solving process. Journal of Marketing Education, 22, 225-235.

Titus, P. A. (2007). Applied creativity: The creative marketing breakthrough model. Journal of Marketing Education, 29(3), 262-272.

Tjosvold, D. (2002). Theory-Oriented Reviews for Applied Psychology. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 51(3), 387-393.

Tsuno, K., Kawakami, N., Shimazu, A., Shimada, K., Inoue, A., & Leiter, M. P. (2017). Workplace incivility in Japan: Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale. Journal of occupational health, 59(3), 237-246.

Wade, O.S. (2017). White flight and the endless cycle of poverty for urban people of color in America. European Journal of Academic Essays. 4(4) 141-145.




How to Cite

Smith, G. (2017). Bullying versus creativity: Mutually exclusive workplace behaviors. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(14). https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.414.3522